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The model for optimizing the price of export tender offers in power engineering

Matyushok V.M. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vmatyushok@mail.ru )

Balashova S.A. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( balashova_sa@pfur.ru )

Zhukov V.S. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vzhukoff@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2016

Importance Whereas national companies have lost their share in the global and domestic power engineering markets, it is very reasonable to create and implement effective organizational and technological innovation in the sector.
Objectives The research describes the global and domestic power engineering markets as an environment where tender proposals are formed. We also substantiate economic mechanisms for optimizing export tender proposals in the sector, articulating a model to assess an optimal price of export tender proposals.
Methods The research draws upon a system approach, structural, logic, comparative analysis, and economic and mathematical modeling. We conducted and econometric analysis and used panel data to describe the global power engineering market. Price optimization model has been forged with the method of multivariate problems with limitations.
Results The article proposes a mechanism for optimizing tender proposals in power engineering and a model to assess an optimal price of export tender proposal.
Conclusions and Relevance There should be new economic mechanisms to optimize tender proposals in power engineering. The optimization model will allow for optimal pricing of tender proposals, and evaluate the effect of separate pricing factors on the ultimate product. The outcome can be used by specialists of the Ministry of Trade and Industry of Russia, power engineering companies operating in the domestic and foreign markets, and for educational purposes.


Role of national information capital in achieving the state goals - participant of modern inter country competitive fight

Balashova M.A. Baikal State University of Economics and Law, Irkutsk, Russian Federation ( mabalashova@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2014

The article considers national information capital as a basis for formation of national competitiveness. The author highlights the active and passive ways of preserving national information capital of Russia, as well as key conditions of functioning. The paper concludes on the necessity of the elaborate state policy of administration of national scientific and spiritual spheres based on own strategic national interests.


Peculiarities of coal use in China and possible ways to cut negative influence upon environment

Balashova A.A. graduate student, Plekhanov’s Russian Economic Academy ( balashovaalexandra@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2010

Excessive China national economy’s reliance on coal is accompanied by enormous level of pollution of environment. In the present work various reasons of leading role of coal are examined and different aspects of negative influence on economy, ecosphere and people’s health. Also the most efficient measures regarding solving ecological problems are defined. The comparison between energy resources of China and other countries has been made.


Integral assessment of foreign and innovation of the Russian regions as tool for implementation of the growth strategy

Balashova S.A. PhD of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, the Department of Economic and Mathematical Modeling, the Russian University of Peoples' Friendship ( sveta_b@economist.rudn.ru )

Khromova E.S. Student, the Russian University of Peoples' Friendship ( khrmvalena@rambler.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #34, 2013

In this article aggregated indices for comprehensive evaluation of the Russian regions’ foreign economic activity (FEA), innovative capacity and investment activity are proposed In order to generate these indices the modified principal components method are applied. The quantitative assessment of innovative capacity stimulating impact on FEA in the regions not specializing in fuel and energy sector is proposed.


Administrative and economic mechanisms for driving innovative development: Evidence from Germany and the Nordic countries

Balashova S.A. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sveta.b2@gmail.com )

Shpolyanskaya A.A. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( a.a.rogozhnikova@gmail.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #47, 2015

Importance The research deals with the State economic policy for innovation and examines the expertise of the Nordic countries.
     Objectives We analyze the State aid methods for innovative development of the leading European countries, systematize financial and non-financial mechanisms for stimulating innovative activities.
     Methods The research relies upon a comparative analysis of tools the State policy envisages for innovative development of the Nordic countries and Germany. The analysis is based on such publicly available sources of information as Eurostat, OECD database and library, European Commission's reports, documents of ministries and agencies.
     Results We identified the most common tools of the innovation policy and financial and non-financial measures addressing the contemporary global challenges in order to secure the national interests of the countries.
     Conclusions and Relevance Many developing countries have just embarked on their innovative development process. It is rather complicated to formulate strategies, effective supporting instruments and tools in line with economic and historical specifics. It is necessary to consider the positive and negative experience of the leading countries. Precise and elaborate strategies of the Nordic countries and Germany became the cornerstone for big achievements on the way towards the innovative economy. Those achievements were made with a set of measures undertaken by the State and private institutions.


On the baseline scenario sustainability for economic growth in Russia

Balashova S.A. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sveta.b2@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5, 2019

Subject The article considers scenarios of economic development of Russia.
Objectives The purpose is to assess the sustainability of the baseline scenario of Russian economy development in the medium term based on a simple growth model.
Methods I use the neo-classical Solow–Swan model to forecast the economic growth rate. To assess the dynamics of the total factor productivity (TFP), I offer a model, taking into account the export orientation of the Russian economy. The equation system contains equations for commodities exports and non-resource exports, and an equation for investment behavior. I apply econometric tools to evaluate the parameters of the equation system and make projections.
Results The developed simple growth model predicts a 1.5 to 2 percent GDP growth over the next five years, provided that the main trends and relationships remain. The baseline scenario does not show a significant increase in the total factor productivity. Therefore, the main drivers of growth are labor efficiency and external market.
Conclusions The economic development in the baseline scenario depends to a large extent on the quality of human capital and ability to use it. There is no any margin of safety, if there is no growth in human capital and the TFP. The findings should be taken into account while developing the economic policy in the face of the new reality. It is crucial to develop a baseline scenario, which rests on the model of endogenous growth.


On mechanisms and systems for endogenous economic growth strategy implementation in Russia

Matyushok V.M. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vmatyushok@mail.ru )

Balashova S.A. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sveta.b2@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2019

Subject The article considers economic mechanisms and systems for implementing the economic strategy under the ‘new reality’ conditions. The mechanisms and systems rest on the concept of endogenous economic development that integrates the neoclassical, institutional and evolutionary approach.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to justify the Balanced Integrated Functional Economic System as a way of implementing the strategy of endogenous economic development of the Russian Federation.
Methods The study employs the methodology of systems analysis, dialectical method of scientific cognition, methods of historical, logical and comparative analysis.
Results The evolution of economic mechanisms and the genesis of functional economic systems are disclosed in a systematic way. We propose an original concept of Balanced Integrated Functional Economic System. To reveal its essence, we use the Balanced Scorecard methodology, which involves transforming the economic strategy, in this case the macro system, into four interrelated perspectives: Capital, knowledge, innovation, resources; Market demand, customers; Finances, currency, taxes; life quality. Each perspective contains strategic goals, indicators, and events or projects through which a strategic goal is achieved.
Conclusions Annual average GDP growth rates above the world average can be achieved through the economic strategy of Russia on the basis of the endogenous economic development concept. The success of the strategy implementation largely depends on its balance and interdependence of elements, relationships with higher-level systems, the form of its presentation and the control module (management system). For these purposes, we offer our own concept of Balanced Integrated Functional Economic System.


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