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A view of business incorporation and development: The transaction approach through agent-based modeling

Zadadaev S.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( zadadaev@mail.ru )

Skalkin V.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vskalkin@fa.ru )

Velikorossov V.V. Plekhanov Russian Economic University (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation ( corp.innovation@rea.ru )

Anikanov E.I. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( anikanov_economy@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #2, 2020

Subject The article deals with reasons and the nature of business incorporation and development, as the neoclassical approach to studying economic processes becomes more popular.
Objectives The study evaluates the validation of business incorporation theories using the apparatus of the institutional economic and the transaction approach. The article aims to check the verification of theoretical concepts concerning reasons and the nature of business incorporation and development through the modern method of agent-based modeling.
Methods We apply methods of logic research, economic analysis and synthesis through the creative systems approach, agent-based modeling. Research is novel as it substantiates that additional specialization has an impact on business incorporation and development.
Results We understood the substance of the transaction approach in the economy and unfolded theoretical concepts concerning the nature of business incorporation and development. We conducted the comparative analysis by dividing them into the R. Coase’s theory of the firm and preceding concepts of business nature. We tested and built the agent-based model in accordance with key aspects of the above theoretical concepts. The article presents results of modeling and provides recommendation for higher efficiency and motivation for business development.
Conclusions and Relevance The theoretical views of both theories of the firm and the outcome of agent-based modeling prove that transaction costs lead to business incorporation, which verified the theory of R. Coase concerning the integration into the firm.


Modeling of area of possible results of innovative investment project

Minakovа I.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Customs Affairs and World Economy, the South Western State University ( irene19752000@mail.ru )

Anikanov P.V. PhD in Economic Sciences, Economist, the Shchigrovsky branch "Geomash-center", JSC ( irene19752000@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #45, 2013

In the article methodical approaches to an assessment of level of investment risk are offered. As a quantitative measure of risk of unprofitability the probability of obtaining negative value of the modified rate of difficult percent is used. The conclusion is drawn that application for approximation of results of modeling of extreme distributions, including Gumbel's distributions, can be much more adequate, than use of widespread normal distribution of probabilities.


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