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Comparing the efficiency of ISO 14001 and EMAS environmental management systems: A literature review

Ratner S.V. Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Almastyan N.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7, 2016

Subject The article considers the ecologic and economic effects of the introduction of environmental management systems (EMS) under ISO 14001 and EMAS (European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme).
Objectives The aim is to review ISO 14001 and EMAS. The relevance of the analysis is caused by the beginning of a three-year transition period to the new ISO 14001 requiring coordination of goals and targets of companies' eco-management with real ecological problems of the territory the company is located in.
Methods The paper rests on a detailed bibliographic analysis. The criteria of selecting works for the analysis include measurability and harmonization of analyzed parameters of ecologic and economic efficiency, comparability of environmental management systems by scope, and some others.
Results The research unveiled short- and long-term effects from implementing ISO 14001 and EMAS, as well as possible causes of low efficiency of environmental management systems.
Conclusions and Relevance The transfer to the new version of ISO 14001, which is expected in Russia within the coming months, will enable to eliminate important factors of poor EMS performance. The findings may serve as materials for perfecting eco-management at Russian enterprises.

The modern development level of eco-innovation in energy-intensive sectors of economy: Evidence from power engineering

Almastyan N.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( )

Ratner S.V. V.A. Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2018

Importance The article analyzes results of the power generating capacity upgrade program under power purchase agreements from perspectives of implementing eco?innovation and determination of factors impeding a more active use of the best-in-class power engineering technologies.
Methods The theoretical framework for the research rests upon the theory of eco?innovation. The dataset comprises regulatory, legislative and analytical documents of the RF Ministry of Energy, and corporate reports of power engineering companies. I apply the case study approach and method of feasibility study.
Results As the results show, more expensive investment projects for coal power equipment had worse or at least ambiguous environmental effects than less costly projects for steam gas equipment. The unavoidable use of the existing power infrastructure is the main impediment for the Russian power engineering enterprises to implement eco-innovation at the current level of technological development.
Conclusions and Relevance The findings can prove useful to articulate criteria to select investment projects as part of the DMP-shtrikh program approved at the Russian Presidential Meeting on November 2017 and discussed by the State Duma, RF Government and community of experts.

Market and public methods to manage the environmental impact of electricity generation facilities

Ratner S.V. Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Almastyan N.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #16, 2015

The increasing focus on environmental priorities in the global and Russian policy, creation of the liberalized electricity market, and attraction of investments in energy industries predetermined the enhancement of the role of ecological component in the energy sector. Therefore, improving the ecological efficiency of the power industry is one of the most important conditions for sustainable development of both the industry and the country as a whole. Currently, the electricity generation facilities operating on hydrocarbon fuels are among the major emitters of greenhouse gases and other polluting substances, large consumers of fresh water, and land pollutants. One of the major problems of ecological optimization of electric power industry development is a comprehensive reduction of adverse impact on the environment through various nature protection measures, including the introduction of tougher environmental standards in the sphere of energy production and consumption without sacrificing the economic growth. In the study, the authors analyzed the dynamics and volumes of negative impact of the Russian power industry on the environment. The authors also reviewed the methods of control and minimization of negative impact used in other countries, and described the practical application of environmentally friendly economic mechanisms. The article includes the analysis of the Russian legal and regulatory framework governing the procedure for and the scope of environmental charges, and reveals the disadvantages of the existing economic mechanism of environmental protection on the case of the Krasnodar region. The authors propose the main areas of improving the existing system of standardization. The paper concludes on the need for developing industry-specific mechanisms to regulate the negative impact of energy facilities on the environment, which will help achieve effective results by considering the features of natural-climatic, economic and social aspects of each individual region.

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