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Ket'ko N.V. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Akimova O.E. Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9,
Subject The article addresses the motivational preferences of Russian entrepreneurs, as reasons for business activities underdevelopment include not only the lack of State support, but also a low level of motivation.
Objectives The aim of the study is to analyze, measure and rank motivational preferences of entrepreneurs for Russian small business development purposes.
Methods Using the convolution of expert estimates under the method of fuzzy relation of preferences, we ranked motivational preferences of entrepreneurs, considering the impact of external and internal criteria.
Results Currently, a potential entrepreneur focuses on self-affirmation, however, the conditions created by external environment, including the State, are such that the most important are the needs for power, improvement of material position, stability. This testifies to the fact that to run a business for the sake of self-affirmation and recognition is currently unprofitable in Russia, notwithstanding that these are the strongest motives, as they allow an individual to reach his or her full potential.
Conclusions and Relevance The conditions created by the State for entrepreneurship development in Russia do not meet internal needs and motives of individuals. Internal and external factors will redirect people to motives that are less significant for them, and this reduces the interest in independent economic activity. The State policy in the field of business development in Russia is inefficient.
Bardakhanova T.B. Baikal Institute of Nature Management of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (BINM SB RAS), Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Eremko Z.S. Baikal Institute of Nature Management of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (BINM SB RAS), Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Ayusheeva S.N. Baikal Institute of Nature Management of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (BINM SB RAS), Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #9,
Subject This article develops conceptual bases of an information system and database to determine the ecological acceptability of realization of investment projects.
Objectives The article aims to develop an information system that helps automate the process of calculating the indicators necessary to determine the ecological reserve of a particular territory, and form a database.
Methods For the study, we used the technique by T.A. Akimova and V.V. Khaskin to assess the population carrying potential, taking into account the territorial peculiarities, and the method of environmental damage prevention to estimate the reduced masses of pollutants.
Results The article presents a developed and tested information system for calculation of ecological reserve of the territory, and also a database of indicators of ecological reserve of territories of municipal entities of the Republic of Buryatia. The article introduces a concept of ecological reserve of the territory as a correlation of population carrying capacity and existing anthropogenic load. As well, the article presents a logical data model and the main tables of ecological reserve of the territory.
Conclusions and Relevance The calculations show that the developed information system corresponds to the subject area. The developed software product is officially registered. The information base can be used as a tool for making an ecologically oriented economic decision.
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