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National Interests: Priorities and Security
 

The position of borderline areas of Southern Siberia in socio-economic ratings of the Russian regions

Vol. 17, Iss. 7, JULY 2021

Received: 22 April 2021

Received in revised form: 8 May 2021

Accepted: 25 May 2021

Available online: 15 July 2021

Subject Heading: Priorities of Russia

JEL Classification: R12, R13

Pages: 1277–1295

https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.17.7.1277

Tana M. OIDUP Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation
tana_o@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3125-3361

Yurii G. POLULYAKH Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation
adadimova@inbox.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5552-0415

Svetlana A. CHUPIKOVA Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation
s_fom@inbox

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7904-5847

Subject. The article discusses the position of borderline areas of Southern Siberia in terms of the socio-economic development and geographical position.
Objectives. We perform the comparative analysis of the regions’ position, determine the place and status of each borderline area, find identical regions in Russia in terms of the economic situation and difficulties.
Methods. The study addresses the multivariate classification of data through the method of grouping and cluster analysis.
Results. We suggest using the methodological approach to determining the status of the regions from three dimensions, i.e. social, economic and geographical, and apply some indicators, such as the ratio of average income per capita and the subsistence level for the social view, the real fiscal capacity for the economic view, and the density of the population (man per km2) for the spatial view. To present the data conveniently and clearly, we conducted the cluster analysis, set the dendrogram of the borderline areas of Southern Siberia.
Conclusions. Determining the regions’ status by three anchors is more beneficial than traditional types of ranking and grouping, since it provides an unbiased view of the region, helps analyze the current socio-economic difficulties.

Keywords: border regions, status, cluster analysis, socio-economic position, geographical position

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