Subject The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) became an important integration project for Russia, ensuring the military security in the region. Russia actively leads the establishment of such organizations, as it tries to secure it dominance in the region and retain allies along its borders. Objectives The study examines financial mechanisms of the military and technological cooperation among the CSTO member States and the possibility to rely upon the EU experience. Export credit is supposed to be the most appropriate option, since it allows to influence the recipient country and envisages the repayment. Methods To verify the hypothesis, we analyzed documents in public domain, including statistical data on armaments supplies. We reviewed such supplies from Russia to Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, including those ones financed with export credit, gratuitous aid in exchange of certain preferences, purchase at special prices, gratuitous aid as part of the formation of the single Missile Defense Systems, production cooperation, and the establishment of the European Defence Foundation. Considering the improvement of financial mechanisms for the military and industrial cooperation among the CSTO member States with reference to the EU experience, we apply the systems approach, comparative and statistical methods of research. Results As the CSTO countries actively purchase armaments, Russia acts as an active player in this process, with the expert credit mechanism being the most effective format of the military and economic cooperation. Conclusions and Relevance Generally, the CSTO member States can run the single defense fund as a new financial mechanism.
Keywords: CSTO, military product, military-technical cooperation
Zverev R., Savin I., Belyaev V. [The Russian–Kyrgyz relations: History and modernity]. Rossiya i novye gosudarstva = Russian and New States of Eurasia, 2018, no. 1, pp. 106–125. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Malinovskii O.N., Pashchenko I.Yu. [Problems of development of the CSTO and increase of its role in ensuring collective security in Eurasia]. Istoricheskaya i sotsial'no-obrazovatel'naya mysl' = Historical and Socio-Educational Idea, 2016, vol. 8, no. 3-1, pp. 17–21. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Panarin I.N. [CSTO and security in Eurasia]. Obzor. NTsPTI, 2015, no. 7, pp. 20–31. (In Russ.)
Zadorina A.M. [Cooperation of organizations of Eurasian states in the field of collective security (CSTO, CIS, SCO) and UN international action the UN for financing the development]. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo Evraziiskikh gosudarstv: politika, ekonomika, pravo = International Cooperation of Eurasian States: Politics, Economics, Law, 2015, no. 4, pp. 27–35. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Dronov R.V., Anan'ev A.A. [On the problem of economic security in the system of collective security of the Collective Security Treaty (CSTO)] Problemy sovremennoi ekonomiki = Problems of Modern Economics, 2017, no. 4, pp. 75–77. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Glaz'ev S.Yu., Chushkin V.I., Tkachuk S.P. Evropeiskii soyuz i Evraziiskoe ekonomicheskoe soobshchestvo: skhodstvo i razlichie protsessov integratsionnogo stroitel'stva [The European Union and Eurasian Economic Union: Similarities and differences of the integration process]. Moscow, VIKOR MEDIA Publ., 2013, 213 p.
Stupakov N.V. [Joint measures of anti-terrorist and military cooperation of the CIS, CSTO, SCO 2017–2020 as guarantors of Eurasian collective security and defense]. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo Evraziiskikh gosudarstv: politika, ekonomika, pravo = International Cooperation of Eurasian States: Politics, Economics, Law, 2017, no. 4, pp. 6–18. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Nikolaev V.P., Sidorovich A.V. [Military-technical cooperation of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States]. Voennyi akademicheskii zhurnal = Military Academic Journal, 2016, no. 4, pp. 30–36. (In Russ.)
Sarkisyan O.L., Dunamalyan N.A. [Cross-disciplinary aspects of national security studies]. Vestnik RAU. Ser. Gumanitarnye i obshchestvennye nauki = Bulletin of the Russian–Armenian University. Series HumanitiesandSocialSciences, 2016, no. 3, pp. 7–16. (In Russ.)
Filonenko A.E. [Military and military-technical cooperation of Russia with the Central Asian counstries nowadays]. Kazachestvo = The Cossacks, 2016, no. 16, pp. 7–16. (In Russ.)
Troitskii E.F., Zinov'ev V.P. [The arrangement of the Collective Security Treaty: The formation, evolution and crisis of the military-political union]. Slavyanskii mir v usloviyakh sovremennykh vyzovov = Slavic World: Responding to New Challenges, 2018, no. 54, pp. 335–351. (In Russ.)
Lukin A.V. Povorot k Azii. Rossiiskaya vneshnyaya politika na rubezhe vekov i ee aktivizatsiya na vostochnom napravlenii [Turning to Asia. The Russian foreign policy on the cusp of ages and its eastward vector]. Moscow, Ves' Mir Publ., 2014, 640 p.
Krotov M.I., Muntiyan V.I. Ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii: sistemnyi podkhod [Economic security of Russia: A systems approach]. St. Petersburg, NPK ROST Publ., 2016, 336 p.
Airapetyan A.S., Balayan A.A. [CSTO as a factor of national security of the Republic of Armenia]. Sovremennye evraziiskie issledovaniya = Modern Eurasian Studies, 2014, no. 1, pp. 52–57. (In Russ.)
Khodzhaev Kh.Kh., Sharipov I.I. [Activities of the Republic of Tajikistan in the international and regional organizations in the period of 25 years of State independence]. Tadzhikistan i sovremennyi mir = Tajikistan and the Modern World, 2016, no. 3, pp. 35–41. (In Russ.)
Laumulin M. [Belarus in the system of Eurasian security]. Tsentral'naya Aziya i Kavkaz = Central Asia and the Caucasus, 2015, vol. 18, iss. 1, pp. 26–42. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Baskakova I.A. [An experience of economic integration between Russia and Kazakhstan in the 1990s]. Vestnik RGGU. Ser. Politologiya. Istoriya. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. Zarubezhnoe regionovedenie. Vostokovedenie = RSUH/RGGU Bulletin. Political Science. History. International Relations Series. Studies of Foreign Regions. Eastern Studies, 2015, no. 2, pp. 56–66. (In Russ.)
Degtereva E.A., Chernysheva A.M. [Financial mechanisms for trade in military products: Foreign experience and its application in the framework of the CSTO and the EAEU]. Strategicheskayastabil'nost' = StrategicStability, 2018, no. 3, pp. 40–42. (In Russ.)
Vladytskii A.S. [Priorities and prospects of military and political integration of the former Soviet Union]. Voennyi akademicheskii zhurnal = Military Academic Journal, 2016, no. 4, pp. 25–29. (In Russ.)