National Interests: Priorities and Security

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Food security and foreign economic relations: International and national aspects

Vol. 15, Iss. 9, SEPTEMBER 2019

Received: 6 August 2019

Received in revised form: 21 August 2019

Accepted: 5 September 2019

Available online: 16 September 2019

Subject Heading: FOOD SECURITY

JEL Classification: Е65, F01, F40, F60

Pages: 1698–1713

Kuznetsova G.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (PRUE), Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID id: not available

Subject Growth in agricultural production, import substitution and food self-sufficiency are major aspects of food security. However, the issues of increasing the public access to food are often overshadowed.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to detect weaknesses in the food security policy of Russia based on the analysis of indicators of the Global Food Security Index and the national statistics, to demonstrate the need for amendments to the policy with an emphasis on improving the public access to food through foreign trade and developing the rural transport and agricultural infrastructure.
Methods I employ methods of logical, comparative and statistical analysis.
Results The paper proves that achievements of recent years in the country's agriculture development rely, to a large extent, on cooperation of national producers and foreign companies, particularly, on imports of breeding and genetic materials, equipment and technologies. At the same time, the current condition of Russian rural social and transport infrastructure needs the attention of the authorities and should be drastically improved.
Conclusions It is advisable to interact more actively with the global market, taking advantages of international division of labor. When formulating the food security policies, it is crucial to focus on issues related to people's access to food and social problems faced in rural areas.

Keywords: food security, self-sufficiency, import substitution, food access, import


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