Subject. The article discusses the sustainability of regional economy development, its definition, and the substance of sustainable development. Objectives. We aim at performing a comprehensive analysis of indicators of sustainability and adaptability of regional development in the context of digitalization, formulating a strategy for economic behavior that takes into account the multidimensional nature of regional inequality and is focused on boosting the economic potential of regions. Methods. The study draws on dialectic and systems approaches, general scientific methods of retrospective, situational, economic and statistical, and comparative analysis. Results. The sustainability of the region focuses on improving the human welfare over long time horizon. This happens in three areas, i.e. maximizing the efficiency of resource use; ensuring justice and democracy; minimizing resource consumption and environmental damage. The stability of the region can be assessed by using one parameter, or by combining the parameters in accordance with the type of region and expected results. Conclusions. The adaptation of a region to changing conditions depends on its type (‘adapted’, ‘adaptive’, and ‘non-adapted’). Regional inequality has two main components: difference in economic potential and social satisfaction of residents. Another component, affecting the stability and adaptability of regions, is the level of their digitalization. However, some regions have only formally embarked on the path of digitalization. Moreover, a focus on smart technologies, solutions and digitalization often leads to ignoring the goals of sustainable development. Smart technologies should be aimed at ensuring sustainability within the framework of the smart sustainable city concept.
Keywords: regional sustainability, adaptability, digitalization, smart sustainable city
Porokhina E.V. [Sources and System of Factors Forming of Economic Stability Region (Kemerovo Region as Model)]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2014, no. 12, part 3, pp. 596–600. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Li-Yin Shen, J. Jorge Ochoa, Mona N. Shah, Xiaoling Zhang. The Application of Urban Sustainability Indicators – A Comparison Between Various Practices. Habitat International, 2011, vol. 35, iss. 1, pp. 17–29. URL: Link
Jianguo Wu, Wei-Ning Xiang, Jingzhu Zhao. Urban Ecology in China: Historical Developments and Future Directions. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2014, vol. 125, pp. 222–233. URL: Link
Camagni R. Sustainable Urban Development: Definition and Reasons for a Research Programme. International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP), 1998, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 6–27. URL: Link
Mega V., Pedersen J. Urban Sustainability Indicators. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 1998.
Hamilton A., Mitchell G., Yli-Karjanmaa S. The BEQUEST Toolkit: A Decision Support System for Urban Sustainability. Building Research & Information, 2002, vol. 30, iss. 2, pp. 109–115. URL: Link
Jingzhu Zhao. Towards Sustainable Cities in China: Analysis and Assessment of Some Chinese Cities in 2008. New York, Springer-Verlag, 2011. URL: Link
Rees W.E. Revisiting Carrying Capacity: Area-Based Indicators of Sustainability. Population and Environment, 1996, vol. 17, iss. 3, pp. 195–215. URL: Link
Daly H.E., Cobb J.B. Jr. For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy toward Community, the Environment, and a Sustainable Future. Boston, Beacon Press, 1994, 534 p.
Pearce D.W., Atkinson G.D. Capital Theory and the Measurement of Sustainable Development: An Indicator of “Weak” Sustainability. Ecological Economics, 1993, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 103–108. URL: Link90039-9
Prescott-Allen R. The Wellbeing of Nations: A Country-by-Country Index of Quality of Life and the Environment. Washington DC, Island Press, 2001.
Jovovic R., Draskovic M., Delibasic M., Jovovic M. The Concept of Sustainable Regional Development – Institutional Aspects, Policies and Prospects. Journal of International Studies, 2017, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 255–266. URL: Link
Porokhin A.V., Porokhina E.V., Soina-Kutishcheva Yu.N., Baryl'nikov V.V. [Sustainability as the Defining Characteristic of the State of Social and Economic System]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya = Fundamental Research, 2014, no. 12, part 4, pp. 816–821. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Radnitzky G. Die ungeplante Gesellschaft. Friedrich von Hayeks Theorie der Evolution spontaner Ordnungen und selbstorganisierender Systeme. Hamburger Jahrbuch für Wirtschafts- und Gesellschaftspolitik, 1984, no. 29, pp. 9–33.
Schultz D. Regional Disparities in Economic Development: Lessons Learned from the United States of America. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.: Gosudarstvennoe i munitsipal'noe upravlenie = RUDN Journal of Public Administration, 2017, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 180–200. URL: Link
Vasin N.S. [Managing the enterprise sustainability in the digital economy]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika =Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2018, vol. 17, iss. 6, pp. 1100–1113. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Bendikov M.A., Sakharova I.V., Khrustalev E.Yu. [Financial and economic stability of the enterprise and methods of its regulation]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika =Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2006, no. 14, pp. 5–14. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Rukin B.P., Tepikina E.I. [Investment programs of organizations as a basis for increasing their economic stability]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika =Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2007, no. 3, pp. 25–28. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Pechatkin V.V. [The digitalization of the industrial sector of Russia's economy as a land development priority]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2020, vol. 16, iss. 6, pp. 1013–1028. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Magomedov A.M., Kamilov M.-K.B. [Priorities of digital transformation of the economy and regional issues]. Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' = National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2020, vol. 16, iss. 2, pp. 366–382. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Huovila A., Bosch P., Airaksinen M. Comparative Analysis of Standardized Indicators for Smart Sustainable Cities: What Indicators and Standards to Use and When? Cities, 2019, no. 89, pp. 141–153. URL: Link
Novikov I.V. [The role of ITU in the standardization of smart sustainable cities]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta imeni S.Yu. Vitte. Seriya 1: Ekonomika i upravlenie, 2016, no. 3. (In Russ.) URL: Link
Höjer M., Wangel J. Smart Sustainable Cities: Deﬁnition and Challenges. In: L. Hilty, B. Aebischer. ICT Innovations for Sustainability. Berlin, Springer, 2015, pp. 333–349. URL: Link
Bibri S.E., Krogstie J. Smart Sustainable Cities of the Future: An Extensive Interdisciplinary Literature Review. Sustainable Cities and Society, 2017, no. 31, pp. 183–212. URL: Link
Kramers A., Höjer M., Lövehagen N., Wangel J. Smart Sustainable Cities: Exploring ICT Solutions for Reduced Energy Use in Cities. Environmental Modelling & Software, 2014, vol. 56, pp. 52–62. URL: Link
Ahvenniemi H., Huovila A., Pinto-Seppä I., Airaksinen M. What Are the Differences Between Sustainable and Smart Cities? Cities, 2017, vol. 60, part A, pp. 234–245. URL: Link
Bifulco F., Tregua M., Amitrano C., D'Auria A. ICT and sustainability in smart cities management. InternationalJournal of Public Sector Management, 2016, vol. 29, iss. 2, pp. 132–147. URL: Link
Gunzenova K.V. [The concept of development of a "sustainable smart city"]. Vektor ekonomiki, 2019, no. 2. URL: Link (In Russ.)
Molchanova V.A. [From a smart city to a just city: The challenges of sustainable development in digital economy]. Kreativnaya ekonomika = Journal of Creative Economy, 2019, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2371–2386. URL: Link (In Russ.)