SEARCH
 

Search

 

Результаты поиска 1 - 10 из 14
Начало | Пред. | 1 2 | След. | Конец


Demographic changes in rural areas of central Russia in the context of the social policy of the State

Gal'yanov I.V. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( vniisrs.orelsau@mail.ru )

Rezvyakov A.V. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( hanter1984@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance Crucial geopolitical objectives include the preservation of demographic capabilities in rural areas, decent living conditions for rural people, continuing utilization of rural areas, considering the need to retrofit the agricultural sector and replace imported agricultural products with domestic ones.
Objectives The research identifies how demographic situation changes in rural areas in the constituent entities of central Russia after the regions embark on providing social support to families with children.
Methods The research involves generally accepted methods of research, i.e. data collection, review of literature, data systematization, comparative and logic analysis. Relying upon data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, we monitored demographic indicators, compared them with the national and target ones, and provided a comparative analysis of measures of social support to families with children in the constituent entities of Central Black Earth region of Russia.
Results Keeping high birth rates, rural areas were found to continue losing its population due to internal regional and cross-regional migration and high death rates. As a comparative analysis of social support measures shows, notwithstanding certain resemblances, there are differences in the amount of allowances and their utilization requirements.
Conclusions and Relevance Currently, rural areas need to have their demographic problems and difficulties resolved as a priority objective. Hence, the socio-economic policy should pursue creating decent living conditions, making rural areas an attractive place to live, providing incentives for the population to stay there. Measures of social support to families with children should mostly consider the needs of rural population.


The Orel oblast experience in rural settlements' cultural heritage preservation

Rezvyakova I.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Orel Branch, Orel, Russian Federation ( rezvirina@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Institute of Social Development of Rural Areas, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2018

Importance The article investigates foreign and domestic experience in support to local incentives of rural residents on sustainable development of rural areas, including the preservation of historical memory of places of residence and cultural heritage.
Objectives The aim is to present the experience in using the grant support to preserve the cultural and historical heritage of Russian rural settlements.
Methods In the study, we employ methods of logical and comparative analysis.
Results The paper presents the experience of the Orel oblast in implementing grants for promotion of patriotism among students and preservation of historical heritage of rural settlements. It underpins the need for applying foreign experience in local initiatives implementation, shows the role of grant support to rural people's incentives for historical memory preservation.
Conclusions In rural areas, the need for citizens who contribute to development of the territory of their residence is more important than in urban areas. This is due to depopulation, ageing of population, school closures, rural unemployment, underemployment, and other factors. Local initiatives have a great future, as they can improve the conditions for interaction of all participants in the social life of rural settlements.


Overview of traumatism in crop production in Russia and foreign countries

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance As agricultural production gains momentum, the injury frequency rate in agriculture remains one of the highest ones in the Russian Federation. Injury risks shall be mitigated and risk prevention actions shall be undertaken to reduce the loss of working time and increase labor productivity.
Objectives I analyze trends in traumatism causing the temporary loss of the ability to work, severe and fatal consequences in crop production, risks and causes of injuries.
Methods Relying upon literature and federal statistical reports, I overview occupational accidents in crop production of Russia and foreign countries. I conduct a retrospective analysis of accidents in crop production using the database, Serious and Fatal Occupational Injuries in the AIC of the Russian Federation.
Results Like in many other countries, in the Russian Federation, production processes in agriculture pose a threat to life and safety of workers. If the possibility of traumas and diseases is neglected in agriculture, issues of occupational health and safety will be more difficult to detect and solve, thus affecting workers and society as a whole.
Conclusions and Relevance To prevent occupational accidents, there should be new safer technologies, better occupational safety training of workers. It is necessary to encourage further research into occupational accidents in agriculture. The findings are supposed to contribute to technical and organizational activities for injury risk prevention in crop production.


Working conditions of animal husbandry staff: Issues and solutions

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2017

Importance Russia's animal husbandry segment demonstrates one of the highest levels of injury and fatal injury among all types of economic activities. Injuries and morbidity among cattle breeders influence the productivity, since they cause the loss of a week or more in working time and subsequent financial losses.
Objectives The research analyzes the nature of accidents with severe consequences in the animal husbandry of the Russian Federation so to identify what causes injuries and outline how they can be prevented.
Methods I analyze injuries in Russia's animal husbandry using the data of the Federal State Statistics Service and Database, Severe and Fatal Injuries in Russia's AIC. I scrutinize literature so to pinpoint cases of injuries in animal husbandry abroad.
Results In 2015, the general level of injury in animal husbandry and fatal injuries exceeded the average sectoral and national indicators. Those who are exposed to harmful and/or hazardous working conditions in agriculture accounted for 30 percent in 2015. Reviewing foreign sources of information, I figure out that foreign animal husbandry faces the same difficulties.
Conclusions and Relevance To increase the labor productivity, reduce losses from injuries, save people’s lives and health, it is necessary to implement contemporary technologies, which will improve working conditions. The findings can be used to communicate the occupational safety situation in animal husbandry to relevant parties and specialists so that they determine what technical and organizational activities should be performed to prevent accidents in cattle breeding farms.


Decline of the industrial injury standard in agriculture - a way to improving of the demographic situation in a village

Studennikova N.S. senior research worker, Orel state agricultural univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #19, 2009

The possibility of improving the demographic situation in rural areas by reducing deaths and injuries from accidents in agricultural production. To achieve the preservation of life and health of rural workers can be at the expense of activities developed on the basis of automated data processing materials investigation of accidents with fatal and severe outcome.


Safety of work in manufacturing of concentrates of food, dried fruits and vegetables

Lapin A.P. the main scientific employee, the professor, doctor of engineering, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( 8 (4862) 36-49-68 )

Logvinova S.P. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( 8 (4962) 36-49-65 )

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2010

In article the basic requirements to cars, mechanisms and other industrial equipment, technological processes, civil-engineering designs and reconstruction of industrial objects are stated, to the organisation and the maintenance of workplaces in the organisations occupied with manufacture of food concentrates, dried fruits and vegetables, coffe-products and the spices, providing safety of work


Preservation of labour potential - a strategic problem of a demographic policy of the Russian Federation

Galyanov I.V. doctor of engineering, the professor, the deputy director on scientific work the All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #24, 2010

The all-Russian Monitoring of conditions and a labour safety, directed on preservation of a life and health of workers in the course of labour activity, has come into force since January, 1st, 2010. However it has the merits and demerits which analysis is presented in this article. The authors offers the decision of some the problems directed on perfection of Monitoring of an industrial traumatism as a component of the all-Russian Monitoring of conditions and a labour safety.


Condition of a demographic situation in rural territories of the Russian Federation and some aspects of its stabilization

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #30, 2011

In article data about a condition and prospects of development of a demographic situation in rural territories of the Russian Federation, the reasons, making direct impact on its condition are cited, and also the offers which decision will promote stabilisation of a demographic situation in the near future are formulated.


Main development trends of the demographic situation in rural areas of the Orel region and typology of rural settlements on indicators of demographic environment state

Rodimtsev S.A. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( rodimcew@yandex.ru )

Rezviakov A.V. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( Hanter1984@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #26, 2014

Despite positive changes in the field of fertility, mortality, life expectancy of the population of the Russian Federation, the problems of stabilization and improvement of the demographic situation in rural areas is still relevant. The article points out that the determination of the level of demographic development of rural settlements of the Orel region only about 5% of them can be can be carried to the category of the settlements having good demographic potential for sustainable social and economic development of the municipal district.


A typological evaluation of rural development the Orel region

Rodimtsev S.A. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( rodimcew@yandex.ru )

Rezvyakov A.V. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( Hanter1984@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #39, 2014

At the present time, the authorities of various levels, the basic documents of the country development, State and Federal target programs focus on the sustainable development of the rural areas. The Federal target program "Sustainable development of the rural areas for 2014-2017 and for the period until 2020" approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 15 July 2013 № 598 envisages the development of the regional and municipal programs of sustainable development. The carrying out of typology of municipal formations is one of the conditions of the development and the regional and municipal programs implementation. Because of the significant differentiation of the rural areas in terms of the economic development, the provision of social infrastructure to the population, investment activity, demographic and ecological potential of carrying out of typology of municipalities (municipal districts and rural settlements) assume great importance. The methods of a cluster analysis were used in order to determine the types of municipalities, the processing of data files on the status of the economic, demographic and ecological fields. The article provides the algorithm of carrying out of the typology of the rural areas and their typological assessment at the level of municipalities. In the process of work, the authors have defined a typology of 24 municipalities on the integrated indicators of the status of the agricultural sector of activity, demographic and ecological environment and the demographic potential of 167 rural settlements of the Orel region. The paper identifies the selected types of the municipal entities (administrative districts). Their integrated indicators were illustrated by the thematic maps. The results of the research were used while designing the sustainable development programs of the municipal districts of the Orel region. The definition of a typology of the municipalities may facilitate to enhance the quality of the programs of the sustainable development of the rural territories, as well as the efficiency of the utilization of their resources' provision.


Результаты поиска 1 - 10 из 14
Начало | Пред. | 1 2 | След. | Конец


Сортировать по релевантности | Отсортировано по дате