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Financial intermediaries: functions, stages and motives of expansion

Zver'kov A.I. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( orenbank@bk.ru )

Zver'kova T.N. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( orenbank@bk.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #37, 2014

Importance The study of the current state of the domestic financial intermediation and correlation of the results obtained with the stages of economic development allow determining the stage of the development of the domestic financial and banking sectors, outlining the approaches to overcome the development gap from the world leaders.
     Objectives To understand the reasons of the negative phenomena in the economy, and in the financial and banking sectors, we intended to find and justify the features characterizing the level of development and forms of financial intermediation, to link them with the economic development stages.
     Methods In the paper, based on the study of the financial intermediation institutions functions, we analyze various aspects of the emergence and development of financial intermediaries and change of their functions. The study of financial intermediation conducted in terms of their functions is most commonly used for the financial intermediaries, since their functions are more stable in contrast to the institutions that are changing under the influence of competition or financial innovations.
     Results The study of the basic stages of the economic development allows to select the periods of emergence and development of financial intermediation and the corresponding expansion motives, when each stage of development corresponds to their function, form of expansion that allow to understand the reasons of the weak involvement of the domestic intermediaries in the value chain creation, and their presence at the level of the exchange fund.
     Conclusions and Relevance The domestic intermediaries participate in the creation of the new value by means of the simple (primitive) exchange operations without being able to accumulate their own resources to engage in investment business. The theoretical prerequisites of the study of the financial intermediaries, which we define in the paper, allow to identify their essential features, identify and classify the main approaches to the study, to determine the sequence of formation of expansion motives for the follow-up studies.


Regional banks: Historical experience and modernity

Zver'kova T.N. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( tnzverkova@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #8, 2017

Importance The paper studies the problems of regional banks' development and the role of regional banks. Several initiatives were put forward from identification of a regional bank as an independent type of bank and to creation of a multi-level system of banks with basic licenses.
Objectives The paper aims to consider the place and role of regional banks in the development of regional economies on the basis of a comparison of the historical stages of their development.
Methods For the research, I used a comparative-historical method and an analysis of statistical data.
Results The paper determines an urgent problem of creation of a multi-level banking system and examines the development of Russian city public banks, which are the prototypes of modern regional credit organizations.
Conclusions The legislative approach to bank division depending on the capital stock does not create a new banking structure. The creation of a multi-level banking system is still a topical problem. In determining the status of a regional bank, not only should the optimum size of capital and the list of operations be considered, but legislate approaches to the strategies and business models implemented by such banks, as well.


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