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Macroeconomic factors shaping the investment climate

Zaitsev Yu.K. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation ( yuriy.zaitsev@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #6, 2017

Subject The article analyzes the contribution of macroeconomic policy to investment environment formation.
Objectives The study aims to define a theoretical link between the focal points of macroeconomic policy and their impact on investment inflows and their contribution to formation of investment climate in the national economy.
Methods The study draws upon general scientific methods of logical and comparative analysis, methods of statistical analysis.
Results The analysis enabled to identify the key factors of macroeconomic policy that shapes investment environment. Regulation of these factors is often associated with to tactical tasks solution to stabilize the economic system, and usually does not anticipate the involvement of business community. However, interaction with private investors is systemically important in structural policy implementation, which has a direct impact on the effect of macroeconomic regulation.
Conclusions and Relevance Unlike monetary and fiscal policies, which are used to solve tactical tasks, a structural policy contributes to solving the more serious challenges. Structural reforms can improve the efficiency of both the fiscal and the monetary policy, and should include interaction with investors. The results of the theoretical analysis can be useful for executive authorities responsible for regulation of investment climate and attraction of investment into the national economy.


Diagnostics of foreign direct investment inflows into the Russian Federation: from theory to practice

Zaitsev Yu.K. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation ( yuriy.zaitsev@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #19, 2015

Subject The article analyzes the factors that have influenced the dynamics of foreign direct investment in the Russian economy in 2014 and over the last decade. I consider the State influence measures and institutional conditions that formed the basis for the support to foreign investors as a key factor, which had an impact on the unprecedented influx of foreign direct investment in Russia. Special focus is on the distribution of different types of foreign investments by the Russian economy industries.
     Objectives The study aims at analyzing the impact of factors on the dynamics of FDI inflows into different sectors of the Russian economy. The objectives include identifying the theoretical background and the economic effects of foreign capital inflow into the Russian economy, analyzing the investment climate factors and the mechanisms of governmental support to FDI inflows, showing the dynamics of FDI inflows in the key sectors of Russian economy.
     Methods In the study, I apply general scientific methods of logical and comparative analysis, methods of statistical analysis, and the qualitative methodology for the analysis of investment climate factors offered by the OECD.
     Results The analysis enabled to identify the main factors influencing the incoming foreign investment into the Russian economy. Based on the performed analysis, I explain the paradox in the Russian economy during the second half of the 2000s, when annual FDI inflow increased every year despite the unstable investment climate. The study evaluates the impact of the FDI decline on various sectors of the Russian economy.
     Conclusions and Relevance The paper gives an insight into the dynamics of the FDI inflow during the recent ten years. The information on the incoming FDI in some sectors of the Russian economy may form a basis for investment decisions by Russian and foreign stakeholders


Formation of regional security investment in attraction of foreign investments (experience of Kaluga region)

Zaitsev U.V. graduate student of chair «the Management» Institute of management, business and technologies, Kaluga ( nir@universitys.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2011

Revealing and neutralization of threats and crisis situations at region level can essentially lower the degree of risk of global threats of national safety occurrence. Investment region safety formation provides activization of foreign investments attraction.


Foreign investments in the enhancement of economic security innovation (on the materials Kaluga region)

Zaitsev U.V. graduate student of chair «the Management» Institute of management, business and technologies, Kaluga ( nir@universitys.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2011

The creation of modern scientific and educational centers, together with representatives of foreign investors, contributes to transition of the Russian economy from the export of raw materials to an innovative type of development. Nonstandard measures aimed at protection of strategic national interests are designed to provide economic security.


Creation of system of non-profit organizations in institutions of higher education as tool for education, ensuring the formation of civil society and national security

Krutikov V.К. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department “Finance and Credit», the Institute of Management, Business and Technologies, Kaluga ( nir@universitys.ru )

Zaitsev U.V. PhD in Economics, Lecturer, Department “Management”, the Institute of Management, Business and Technologies, Kaluga ( nir@universitys.ru )

Demina O.V. Graduate Student, Department “Management”, the Institute of Management, Business and Technologies, Kaluga ( nir@universitys.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2013

In the article the problems of use of potential of noncommercial sector of economy in interests of innovative development of the country are investigated. The prospects of creation of system of non-profit organizations in higher education establishments are considered.


Analysis of investment appeal of the region (using the example of the Astrakhan region)

Zaitsev S.V. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( voland_home@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #32, 2014

The article states that the social and economic development of Russia is impossible without implementing the effective State investment policy aimed at the enhancement of competitive ability and improvement of the investment climate of constituent entities at all levels: regions, spheres of economy and individual organizations. Due to revitalization of business activity in the Russian Federation, the interest of foreign investors in the Russian market has grown. It contributes to expanding domestic investment processes and economic growth in the real sector of economy.


Real management and development of functions of controlling

Stepochkina E.A. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of department "State and Municipal Management", the Volgograd State University ( s-elenna@yandex.ru )

Zaitsev D.V. PhD in Economics, Lecturer of the Volgograd College of Gas and Oil, JSC "Gazprom" ( dmitriy0501@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #43, 2012

Real management is the modern direction of strategic management considering the economic organization as a multivariate phenomenon which supports the certain balance between diverse subsystems during ability to live. In the article the evolution of a subsystem of controlling in the economic organization which occurs in the direction of complication of functions by this subsystem is revealed. From a position of the real management, authors point to the shortcomings in the coordination of joint activity of the members of business organization according to the transition to the "electronic" culture of business conversation.


Investment as an element of economic security assessment in the health sector

Zaitsev S.V. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( voland_home@mail.ru )

Nadeina I.A. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( nadeina_irene@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #4, 2018

Importance This article examines the economic security in the sphere of healthcare and investment and innovation in this sector of economy.
Objectives In this paper, we aim to study the impact of investment and innovation on economic security in the healthcare sector and determine the main directions of strengthening the economic safety of functioning and development of health care.
Methods The research uses the methods of logical and statistical analyses.
Results The article proposes a method of quantitative estimation of investment security on the basis of which it is possible to define directions of strengthening and development of health care.
Conclusions The main threats that currently hamper the development of the health sector are the restrictions on import of goods, medicines and components, a low level of access to innovative technologies, reduction of the investment climate. The sustainability of the health system can be ensured through the necessary funding.


Current problems in developing and implementing a budgeting system in a municipal public institution

Zaitsev S.V. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( voland_home@mail.ru )

Belkina E.Yu. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( katarina.belkina@mail.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #17, 2017

Importance This article deals with the issues of budgeting as one of the effective mechanisms for managing the organization's expenditures.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the problem of implementation of budgeting in the Russian municipal public institutions and develop proposals to address the problem.
Methods The research methodology is based on various formal-logical, comparative, financial-economic techniques and other methods of analysis.
Results The article presents our own algorithm for analyzing risk factors in a budgeting system that includes a series of steps. To illustrate the study, we consider the Department for Construction, Architecture and Urban Planning of the Astrakhan City Administration. We offer certain proposals for improving the Department's operation through using project budgeting, creating financial responsibility centers and financial accounting centers, and using result-based budgeting tools.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that budgeting provides many benefits to the budget institution and allows for a streamlining of its operations and efficiency. For a State, the active use of budgeting by public institutions is an excellent way to increase control over the target use of funds and make it the most effective. The results of the study can be used both in practice to optimize budgeting in municipal public institutions and in theoretical issues in the field of budgeting for further study of this area of economic activity.


A comparative analysis of the structure and principles of sovereign wealth fund management

Zaitsev S.V. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( voland_home@mail.ru )

Sarmin A.I. Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan, Russian Federation ( escoman@mail.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #1, 2016

Importance Under current economic circumstances, national governments which derive high income from resources, have to opt for an appropriate management model and operational principles of authorities charged with the effective use of superprofit so to form national budgets.
     Methods The article represents a comparative analysis of the structure and principles of managing sovereign wealth funds and illustrates the Reserve Fund of the Russian Federation, Russian National Wealth Fund and Pension Fund of Norway.
     Results The article enlists weaknesses in management of the Russian sovereign funds as compared with global practices. We provide our recommendations as to specific changes needed to improve the wealth fund management in the long run, and rationale for the changes.
     Conclusions and Relevance It is strategically important for national funds to follow ideas and rules at the initial phase. Executive authorities of funds should act as a mechanical trading system so to reach stable investment results within protracted time periods. Currently working and coming generations of Russians are sure to lose their significant income as a result of the Russian wealth fund deposits and high political and economic uncertainty in Russia. Decisions are made, with only short term circumstances taken into account, or not taken at all due to the aggravating situation in the world. We suggest Russia should draw upon experience of Norway in managing sovereign wealth funds.


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