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Development of electronic commerce in the regions of Russia: trends and prospects

Val’ko D.V. graduate student «South Ural Institute of Management and Economics» ( lex_13@list.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #46, 2011

The article has covered the major factors, that influence the level of development of the e-commerce in Russia and it`s regions. It has marked the main problems, it also has given the characteristics of trends and perspectives of development in the coherence with degree of internetization and preparedness of regions for network interactivity.


A review of current approaches to the assessment of the management efficiency of the socio-ecological-economic system

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( valkodv@inueco.ru )

Golubeva O.L. Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( golubeva.ol@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2018

Importance This article deals with the issues of development and management of large and complex socio-ecological-economic systems.
Objectives The article aims to systematize the basic modern approaches in estimation of efficiency of management of socio-ecological-economic systems, and also compare some peculiarities of the approaches.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of systems approach, structural and logical, and factor analyses.
Results The article highlights three groups of the studied current approaches to socio-ecological-economic system management estimation.
Conclusions The analysis of scientific literature testifies to absence of the generally accepted view on taxonomy of approaches to estimation of efficiency of management of socio-ecological-economic system. Theoretical and applied approaches to this assessment evolves in two directions, namely, the development of tools for specific tasks and reliance on conceptual content.


An event-oriented approach to the assessment of the quality of public administration of the regional socio-ecological-economic system of the Chelyabinsk oblast

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( ell.science@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #7, 2018

Subject This article discusses the issues of public administration of the territorial socio-ecological-economic system of the subject of the Russian Federation.
Objectives The article aims to propose an original approach to assessing the quality of public management of such a system and test and appraise it using the material of the Chelyabinsk oblast.
Results The article presents certain tools to assess the quality of public management of a regional socio-ecological-economic system, developed on the basis of synthesis of signalling theory and control theory. These tools include metrics such as latency, intensity, jitter, and more. The article partially confirms the hypothesis that the system of public administration of the regional socio-ecological-economic system of the Chelyabinsk oblast does not meet the quality requirements for a number of metrics.
Conclusions To improve the public administration of the regional socio-ecological-economic system of the Chelyabinsk oblast, the article recommends to use the efficient world and domestic practices of adaptive management of such socio-ecological-economic systems.


Calendar Anomalies in the Russian Stock Market: Trends of the Recent Decade

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( valkodv@inueco.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #2, 2018

Importance The article discusses calendar anomalies (behavioral effects) in the Russian stock market and the so called Day-of-the-week effect and Monday effect.
Objectives The research analyzes the Day-of-the-week effect and Monday effect, referring to 2007–2017 data of the Russian stock market and identifies behavioral differences between stock markets in Russia and economically developed countries.
Methods The research employs a set of systemic methods, such as structural-logical and factor analysis. I analyze empirical patterns using standard statistical methods.
Results Featuring abnormally low profitability on Wednesday, the Day-of-the-week effect also perseveres after the consolidation of trading platforms of the Moscow Exchange (MICEX) and Russian Trading System (RTS). In the mean time, although earlier studies captured the Friday effect, significantly high return has been recorded on Monday for the recent decade.
Conclusions and Relevance The Russian stock market resembles those ones of the most developed countries in terms of the Day-of-the-week effect and other behavioral characteristics. However, the domestic stock market is subject to ratchet effects that are observed in ties with other financial centers and economic cycles as a whole. This explains why Friday and Monday effects switch to Monday and Wednesday respectively.


Business environment security: Institutional factors

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( valkodv@inueco.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #4, 2018

Importance The research delves into the business environment of Russia, i.e. background and space of relationships modified by the State, requiring the security for its further development.
Objectives The research analyzes business environment security factors, such as perception of overall economic instability, administrative burden, barriers and confidence crisis.
Methods I address the objectives through the meta-research based on a set of systems methods, such as structural-logic and factor analysis unraveling the inconsistency of the governmental policy for entrepreneurship and the existing business environment. The research relies upon data reported by World Bank, Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation, Russian Public Opinion Research Center, NAFI Research Center, etc.
Results Consistently neglected issues of business confidence and corruption and economic instability undermine the value priorities in the public and impede the development of entrepreneurship. Assuming that there is a direct relationship between the effective interaction of political security components within the governmental system and the reasonable development of entrepreneurship, I prove the systemic disparity causing constraints on free entrepreneurship.
Conclusions and Relevance Under such circumstances, the business environment cannot be considered safe, without utterly progressive legislative initiatives being developed. Local entrepreneurs cannot use them effectively. This requires a set of measures for increasing the transparency of governmental regulation at all levels and effective public control.


Calendar anomalies in the Russian stock market: Trends of the recent decade

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( valkodv@inueco.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #3, 2018

Subject The article addresses calendar anomalies (behavioral effects) on the Russian stock market and, in particular, the so-called ‘day-of-the-week effect’ and ‘Monday effect’.
Objectives The aim of this work is to analyze the development of the ‘day-of-the-week effect’ and ‘Monday effect’ on the data of the Russian stock market for 2007–2017, and identify on this basis the behavioral differences between the stock markets in Russia and economically developed countries.
Methods The study rests on a set of system methods, like the structural-logical and factor analysis. I analyze empirical regularities using the standard statistical methods.
Results The day-of-the-week effect, consisting of abnormally low profitability on Wednesday, also continues after the consolidation of trading platforms of MICEX and RTS. At the same time, if in early studies the ‘Friday effect’ was observed, a significantly high yield has been maintained on Mondays during the recent ten years.
Conclusions The Russian stock market is similar to the markets of the most developed countries based on the day-of-the-week effect and other behavioral characteristics. However, the domestic stock market is subject to ratchet effects that accompany both the connection with the markets of other financial centers and the cycles in the economy as a whole. This, in our opinion, explains, among other things, the revealed shift in the effects specific to Friday and Monday, to Monday and Wednesday, respectively.


The role of negative consumer activity in the Russian e-commerce market

Val'ko D.V. South Ural Institute of Management and Economics, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( lex_13@list.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2015

Importance In the paper, I investigate the interaction of companies and consumers in today's e-commerce market, their mutual activity in the space of transmission of the values and consumer experience.
     Objectives My article aims to substantiate the importance of social networks and enhancing of the role of negative consumer activity in the network social space of the Russian e-commerce market. The paper identifies the difficulty of ensuring the institutional regulation of consumer activity in the Internet in the scale of the national economy. I pay attention to the accounting of the specific transaction costs and network effects on the consumer market of e-commerce on the national economy scale.
     Methods Using the adaptation of the relationship of marketing paradigm, as well as the basic tenets of the theory of consumer networks to the conditions of functioning of modern e-commerce market, I identify the main features of consumer activity in this particular market.
     Results The article's findings identify the main types of negative consumer activity in the network, and they also construct the role matrix of consumer behavior. My paper proposes indicators of the assessment of consumers' network activity, which takes into account the positive and negative components. Their evaluation allows adjusting the strategy of the company's media presence in the e-commerce market. The paper offers an integrated index, which is interpreted as an indicator of consumer activity growth.
     Conclusions and Relevance I conclude that today's e-commerce market necessitates accounting of network effects, as well as both positive and negative consumers' activities in company's media-presence. The proposed system of indicators in mutual connection with the consumers' role segmentation will help today's companies make well-argued management decisions in a dynamic marketing environment of consumer e-commerce market.


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