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Organizational structure of large corporations as factor of stimulation (containment) for their innovative development

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher, CEMI RAS ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Evsyukov S.G. PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, CEMI RAS ( sg-7777@yandex.ru )

Petrov A.G. PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, CEMI RAS ( a-g-petrov-54@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #32, 2013

Different ways of organizational design of large corporations (business group) are analyzed. The most common forms of business organization (unitary, divisional, adhocracy, modular, network) are investigated. Possible legal, organizational, structural and management configurations of large corporations are conducted. The impact of organizational structure on opportunities for innovative development is discussed.


Status and prospects of the Russian aircraft industry

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Senior Researcher, the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of RAS ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Petrov A.G. PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of RAS ( a-g-petrov-54@yandex.ru )

Sizov M.V. Graduate Student of department "Problems of Market Economy Development", the State University of Management ( sizovmaksim@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #46, 2012

In the article the problems of current state and prospects of development of civil aircraft industry of Russia are discussed. The official strategies of development of the aircraft industry from two points of view: goal-setting and possible consequences are considered. It is justified that the strategy of development can't be formulated in the form of decomposition of intentions. It is noted that the danger of corruption is real when functioning the large structures supervised by the state.


A dynamic pricing model in the network goods market in terms of a monopoly supplier

Evsyukov S.G. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sg-7777@yandex.ru )

Sigarev A.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alexsigarev@mail.ru )

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #30, 2016

Subject The article studies the processes of pricing in network benefits markets.
Objectives The paper aims to develop mathematical tools to describe and evaluate the various pricing strategies of the company in the market of network benefits.
Methods For the study, we used a combination of the methodology of neoclassical theory, investment analysis and mathematical modeling.
Results We present a model of dynamic pricing in network benefits markets in terms of a monopoly provider and comparative characteristics of different pricing strategies.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed model provides an opportunity to assess the various pricing strategies in the market of network benefits. The computer-based experiment results suggest that two significant quality indicators of the investment project in development, manufacturing and after-sales service of network benefits, i.e. Net Present Value (NPV) and Discounted Payback Period (DPB) behave differently. NPV maximization is achieved when using the subscription fee; reduced DPB makes a choice in favor of the purchase and service fees combination.


Russia's place in global value chains

Dement'ev V.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vedementev@rambler.ru )

Novikova E.S. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( eknov1981@gmail.com )

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #1, 2016

Importance The article overviews expertise of countries, which created their considerable competitive advantages through value chains. It also analyzes the main errors Russia committed when integrating into the international division of labor.
Objectives The research analyzes the value in terms of external and internal competition.
Results We described Russia's errors of integrating into the international cooperation. We divided them into two groups of internal and foreign economic policy and specified them accordingly.
Conclusions and Relevance Under current circumstances, import substitution initiatives should be implemented prudently, understanding associated risks. If all steps of value delivery are performed within the national economy, it may, to the certain extent, impede technological development, since an involvement into global value chains contributes to growth in labor productivity. We formulated the main principles, which Russian companies should take into account to set up new cooperative relations with new partners.


Digital economy as a new paradigm of economic development

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Sigarev A.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alexsigarev@mail.ru )

Shein R.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( shein-r-a@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #10, 2017

Importance The article reviews how the digital economy influences socio-economic processes.
Objectives We substantiate that transition to the digital economy (digital revolution) is not a change in a technological mode and/or another technological revolution, but rather a change in the economic development paradigm.
Methods The research combines historical, evolutionary and institutional methods.
Results Any modifications of the economic development paradigm entail a change in the division of labor, principal way economic agents interact and the basis of economic power. Economic power ceases to rest upon the ownership in its classical understanding. It gives way to the status within the interaction hierarchy, thus allowing to set up rules for interaction and distribution of value added.
Conclusions and Relevance In addition to grand opportunities, the digital revolution inevitably results in multiple issues, which can be divided in two classes, i.e. issues of the digital economy origination and the issues of the digital economy. The second class has not been sufficiently studied so far. It implies the degradation of labor, knowledge and content of human life, disruptive selections, and subsequent segregation of people into castes that would have very fragile social links.


Influence of the internal corporate economy model on transfer pricing functions and methods

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Komarova I.P. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( komarik_ira@mail.ru )

Evsyukov S.G. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sg-7777@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #40, 2015

Importance Business consolidation and diversification trends require regulating internal corporate relationships. Corporate resources are distributed and reallocated within the company through intracompany transactions and various economic indicators. Economic indicators play absolutely different roles in different corporate economy models. In such circumstances, corporate relationship regulation gains relevance, considering the relation of corporate economic environment forms and applicable economic indicators.
     Objectives The research is aimed at devising the general concept for arranging internal transactions and applying economic indicators to various models of the corporate economic environment.
     Methods Organizing a corporate economy falls in between management and economics, thus requiring us to combine methodologies of several theories, i.e. organization theory (management and new institutional theory), transaction cost theory (new institutional theory), pricing theory (neoclassical economic theory), theory of budgetary planning theory and controlling (finance) and economic theory of law (new institutional theory).
     Results We found principal models of corporate economy and their key qualities and determined functions, calculation techniques and scope of basic economic indicators in various corporate economy models.
     Conclusions and Relevance When calculating and using some economic indicators, it is necessary to consider their role in distributing and reallocating resources and products within the specific corporate economy model. Hence, when forming the corporate economic environment, companies should opt for integral concepts, i.e. operational models, rather than separate management tools.


Factors for highly skilled professionals to immigrate into Russia

Bazhenov O.V. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( 6819@list.ru )

Ustyuzhanina N.E. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( ustyunatalya1995@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #11, 2016

Importance As global practices show, the influx of lowly qualified immigrants has no benefits in terms of tactics, being strategically unprofitable, since it makes the consumer market shrink, thus obstructing the creation and sale of goods in the country. In its turn, immigration of high professionals ensures a growth in socio-economic welfare in the long run.
Objectives The research identifies and evaluates factors for immigration of high qualification workforce.
Methods The research involves methods of comparative analysis and generalization of the available information, and presents a content analysis of messages and analytical materials – leading foreign and Russian editions have released for the recent decades on migration issues. Having analyzed statistical data of countries where highly qualified workforce arrives most of all, we built an econometric model to evaluate the effect of the factors on the number of immigrants, using the least-squares method.
Results Relying upon the existing economic theories of migration, we found groups of factors that influenced the immigration of highly skilled professionals, i.e. those of economic, social and political, environmental and climatic, information, infrastructure nature, etc. Having performed a statistical analysis of countries where most of highly qualified immigrants tend to, we set up an econometric model that included the effect of the factors on the immigration of high professionals.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude on the effect of key socio-economic factors, i.e. withholding tax rate, rate of social security charges, the amount of pay, unemployment rate, investment in professional immigration infrastructure. The findings can be used by legislative and executive authorities to formulate immigration policies of the Russian Federation and subsequently attract highly qualified workforce.


Budget programming as a method of realization of Russian economy development strategy

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Evsyukov S.G. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sg-7777@yandex.ru )

Panfilov F.A. Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( panfilovfa@mail.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #36, 2014

Importance The article analyzes the use of budget programming techniques for budget management. The research subject is the formation and implementation of the State budget program.
     Objectives We aim to reveal the main problems of contemporary budget programming and to make recommendations for improvement of the budget process.
     Methods The research methods include a systems analysis and comparative analysis. Based on the analysis of the practice of formation and realization of the Federal Target Programs of Russia, we reveal the common errors, which are intrinsic to the contemporary budget programming. These errors include: the lack of a systematic approach to planning; incorrect ways of purpose setting and decomposition; the use of incorrect methods of justification of return on investment. The unsystematic approach to planning leads to duplication of purposes, tasks and activities of different target programs as well as the resource orientation of many projects (retooling of production without analysis of sales opportunities) and the imbalance of its supporting subsystems. The defects of goal-setting display themselves in weak linking the objectives with the possibilities, orientation on forming (demonstrating efforts), and not the result (which characterize the achievements) of the indicators with the respect of performance targets, which are measured in monetary terms, inaccuracies of formulation of target indicators, which allow to interpret the results differently. The methods to justify the cost, with rare exceptions, suffer from the multiple errors, particularly in the ways of calculating cost-effectiveness in view of the time factor.
     Results We explain the need to develop a general method of budget programming. This method should be based on the OEСD recommendations, program-oriented and goal-oriented approach to planning and control as well as scientific methods of investment project evaluation. We make the specific recommendations for improvement of budget programming tools.
     Application The research results can be used for preparation of study courses in budget programming.


Pricing of innovation products under monopsony

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dba-guu@yandex.ru )

Dement'ev V.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vedementev@rambler.ru )

Evsyukov S.G. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sg-7777@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #37, 2014

Importance The article analyses the issues of innovation products pricing.
     Objectives The research subject encompasses the process of the substantiation and squaring of prices of innovation products in the conditions of bilateral monopoly. We aim to make recommendations on price assessment of innovation products.
     Methods The methods used encompass the systems analysis, methods of financial mathematics and the evaluation of the investment project efficiency.
     Results We examine the existing law and regulations that control the pricing process during the State-purpose purchases, particularly within the State Defense Order. We explain that during the bilateral monopoly the price formation turns out to be a process of bargaining between a customer and a single contractor regarding the latter's costs. While the contractor uses its information advantage, the customer uses different bargaining power of the parties. We suggest a fundamentally different approach to innovation products pricing, namely, determination of the upper and lower price limits on the basis of the customer's different benefit evaluation and supplier's costs. In order to evaluate the customer's benefits, we offer different methods: market analogues, substitution methods and imputation methods. To evaluate the executing agency costs, we propose using a payback method, method of calculation of direct and opportunity costs as well as various parametric methods. All methods are expressed as calculation formulas.
     Conclusions and Relevance We propose a general algorithm for pricing of innovation products. It includes a comparison of the upper and lower price limits, defining of pricing of manufacture of the priced products in case if manufacturers' input requirements exceed the customer's benefits. We have developed a program of actions (investment project) to resume the economic efficiency of the manufacture particular products. The field of the results application may include pricing when purchasing innovation products for the State-purpose purchases, particularly within the framework of the State Defense Order. The research results may be used for preparation of training courses in pricing.


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