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Impact of regional policies of special economic zones on their socio-economic development

Troyanskaya M.A. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( m_troyanskaya@mail.ru )

Tyurina Yu.G. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( u_turina@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #8, 2017

Subject The article deals with the issues of regional policies of special economic zones.
Objectives The article aims to examine the impact of regional policies of special economic zones on their socio-economic development.
Methods For the study, we used methods of logical and statistical analyses.
Results The paper identifies tax instruments that enable regional policies to be implemented in special economic zones that contribute to the socio-economic development, emphasizing the development of human capital as one of the priority areas for regional policy implementation in such zones. As well, the paper assesses the social impact of the establishment of special economic zones on the region.
Conclusions The creation of special economic zones is a very effective area for the development of the economies of individual territories and regions. The analysis reveals a significant increase in the major socio-economic indicators of the regions over the years, one of the causes of which is the formation of special economic zones.


Development of human capital as direction to implement State policy in an area of individual income taxes

Tyurina Yu.G. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( u_turina@mail.ru )

Mulyukova R.R. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( ranija@bk.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #36, 2014

The authors consider the feasibility of the study of the human potential development through the mechanisms of individual income taxes due to the dependence of economic development on the success of social functions of the State. The article points out that an irregularity of the territorial development is a major constraint to the development of human capital in the Russian Federation. In its turn, the differences in the development of human capital are due to the economic and geographical position of regions, high differentiation of incomes and expenditures of the subfederal budgets, which are allocated for social goals. The article make an assessment of the human potential development in the regions of Russia, makes an analysis of the theoretical and practical aspects of the content of the "human capital" concept, as well it reviews the foreign experience. The paper presents regional differentiation in the human development index, and makes an evaluation of regions referring to the factors that have influenced the indexes dynamics. The authors make an analysis of an influence of individual income tax on the development of human capital through tax items, indicators of the standard of living of the population. According to the results of the analysis, the authors proposed the measures aimed at the development of human capital through the system of tax breaks.


Formulation and enforcement of the State policy and the development of special economic zones

Tyurina Yu.G. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( u_turina@mail.ru )

Troyanskaya M.A. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( m_troyanskaya@mail.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #6, 2017

Importance The research studies how special economic zones are formed as an effective format of incentives for the Russian region.
Objectives The research examines issues relating to the formulation and enforcement of the State policy, considering the development of special economic zones, thus enhancing the management of the region's competitiveness.
Methods The research is based on general scientific methods of analysis and comparison.
Results The research unveils the concept of the State policy for regional development and presents the classification of the regional development policy types and its development trends. We emphasize the social development of the region as an aspect of the regional policy in a special economic zone. The article highlights and describes principles and forms of the regional policy in special economic zones. We evaluate social implications arising from the creation of special economic zones for the region.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that special economic zones are the main and the most effective form of incentives for the Russian regions. This construct and the region’s economic development can solve a number of serious social issues. The regional policy in special economic zones are often enforced in two formats, i.e. public private partnership and special-purpose programs, which underlie the comprehensive approach to regional issues, reduce territorial development disparities and increase the region's competitiveness.


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