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Incomes of population and social policy in the Volgograd region: comparative analysis

Tumanyants С. PhD in economics associate professor, Department of economic theory and economic politics, Volgograd State University ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #48, 2011

The tendency of accelerated welfare payment rising in the structure of the population’s income in the Volgograd region is described. It leads to reduction of living standard inequality, but on the other hand, it reduces opportunities of the consolidated region’s budget for government business support and development of social infrastructure, stimulates dependence and paternalism in the housekeeping behaviour.


Government regulation of private pension funds in Russia: error correction

Tumanyants K.A. PhD in economics, associate professor at the chair of economic theory and economic policy of Volgograd state university ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #5, 2014

The article is devoted to estimation of changes in legal status and government regulation of private pension funds in Russia. Although new laws have positive effects for Russian funds activities, the author believes that it will have no impact on the financial sustainability of these institutions. The article highlighted important issues not raised by the updated regulations, and proposed solutions.


Analysis of the economy cycle impact on large-scale regions of the southern federal district

Tumanyants С. PhD in economics associate professor, Department of economic theory and economic politics, Volgograd State University ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #14, 2010

The article is devoted to comparative analysis of gross region product changes in five biggest regions’ economies of the Southern Federal District on the stage of expansion as well as in the fall of business activity in Russia. The research includes a period from 1996 to the first half of 2009. The author sets up a hypothesis about causes of differences in regions in the dynamic of the economic development.


Access criteria of citizens to social security system at regional level of the Russian Federation

Tumanyants K.A. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of department "Economic Theory and Economic Policy", the Volgograd State University ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #43, 2012

The article is devoted to substantiation of new criteria of poverty and the conditions of receiving social transfers in Russia. It is based on comparison of total family income with median income of local population and information about family belongings. The author confronts a suggested method with currently used, when a person is considered poor, if his/her revenue is below the cost of living. The carried-out analysis and calculations on an example of the Volgograd region show advantages of new criteria.


Russian social policy: the need to change priorities

Tumanyants С. PhD in economics associate professor, Department of economic theory and economic politics, Volgograd State University ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Finance and credit, #15, 2011

The article analysis of the 2011 Russian budget social elements displays prevalence of categorical allowance over recipient-oriented hardship allowance. It leads to low results of struggle against poverty. The social transfer is received by the people who are that hard up. It should be noted that a large number of really poor families have no access to state support. The author suggests using mainly recipient-oriented hardship allowance to families and testing their poverty level for the purpose of the social policy optimization.


Analysis of effectiveness of public social expenditure in regions of Russia

Timofeyev Y.V. PhD in Economics, Assistant of department "Economic Theory and Economic Policy", the Volgograd State University ( yutimofeyev@mail.ru )

Tumanyants K.A. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of department "Economic Theory and Economic Policy", the Volgograd State University ( tka210@gmail.com )

Journal: Finance and credit, #37, 2012

In the article the method of an assessment of efficiency of the public expenditures of the region on social protection is presented and tested. The calculated values of the modified elasticity of official level of poverty on size of the public social expenditures of the region taking into account growth of a living wage allowed to carry out the comparative analysis of a ratio "expenses ? efficiency" in the largest regions of the Southern federal district (SFD). The analysis of the legislation of the Volgograd region allowed to establish the probable causes of low efficiency of social protection programs in the regions of Russia.


The impact of public procurement on the development of small business in Russia

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( tka210@gmail.com )

Sinitsyna E.D. Technosport Ltd, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( lizaliza-1992@mail.ru )

Intykbaeva S.Zh. Narxoz University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ( saule_54@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #35, 2017

Importance Public procurement is one of the tools of small business support in many countries including Russia.
Objectives The paper is devoted to quantitative evaluation of the impact of this tool on small business development in Russia.
Methods The research compares the data on the small businesses engaging in public procurement and the indicators of small business development in Russia in 2010–2014. The analysis is based on fixed and random effects models of linear and logarithmic regressions.
Results We have discovered a positive relation only between the share of small enterprises in public procurement and the number of small enterprises at the regional level. The research has shown no evidence of the size of public procurement affecting turnover and profit of small business.
Conclusions and Relevance The findings of the study can be used to develop government policy regarding small business support in Russia, as well as the regulation of public procurement procedures. The paper concludes that there is no need in introducing a special regime of small business' access to public procurement.


Specifics of credit channel functioning of the monetary transmission mechanism in Russia

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( tka210@gmail.com )

Utuchenkova M.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( maria.utuchenkova@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #33, 2015

Subject The subject of the research is the nature of relationship between the financial and real sectors of the Russian economy.
     Objectives The study aims to identify the reasons for poor response of real GDP dynamics and inflation rate to the monetary policy of the Bank of Russia. The objectives include assessment of effectiveness of the credit channel of monetary transmission, and identification of factors having a negative impact on its functioning.
     Methods We decomposed the process of serial transmission of impulses from the money market to the market of goods and services. Based on the correlation analysis and calculation of elasticity of indicators that reflect individual stages of functioning of the credit channel of monetary transmission, we determined its effectiveness. We employed structural-and-functional, factorial, and statistical analyses to identify the characteristics of the credit channel affecting the process of monetary transmission in Russia.
     Results The study shows low sensitivity of variables forming the credit channel of monetary transmission mechanism in Russia, and emphasizes factors that negatively affect its functioning in the domestic economy.
     Conclusions We offer measures to reduce barriers to the functioning of the credit channel of monetary transmission in Russia. Their implementation will improve the effectiveness of the monetary policy of the Bank of Russia.


Assessing the effect of government subsidies on the small entrepreneurship development in Russia

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( tka210@gmail.com )

Sinitsyna E.D. OOO Tekhnosport, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( lizaliza-1992@mail.ru )

Fisher O.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( olgafisher@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #10, 2017

Importance The article is an attempt to measure the effect of government subsidies on the activity of small entrepreneurship.
Objectives The research provides a quantitative assessment of the way small businesses depend on the amount of government subsidies.
Methods The research compares information on the amount of subsidies granted for the small entrepreneurship development and its development indicators by constituent entity of the Russian Federation within 2008 through 2014. The modeling is based on double logarithmic regressions in line with fixed effects. For specification purposes, indicators without a time lag and with one-year lag are used.
Results We identify a statistically significant impact of government subsidies and their amount on small business indicators in regions. Indicators range if the amount of public funds changes by one percent. The greatest effect is registered in a year after the funds were provided.
Conclusions and Relevance Government subsidies have a positive effect on the small business development in the Russian Federation. If such funding grows, it will reinforce the position of small businesses in the national economy. The findings can be used to choose options for governmental support to small entrepreneurship in Russia and allocate funds among the constituent entities.


Assessment of the effectiveness of social expenditures of Russian regions through the DEA method

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( tka210@gmail.com )

Sesina Yu.E. Pension Fund of Russian Federation in Volgograd Oblast, Volgograd Branch, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( sesina.iu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #1, 2018

Subject The article discusses the problem of measuring the efficiency of budget expenditures for financing social programs in the regions of the Russian Federation.
Objectives The article aims to calculate the changes in the poverty level and social expenditures of the consolidated budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation from 2011 to 2015.
Methods The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method is used for the study. This methodology has been adapted for the estimation of social expenditures on the database of Russian statistics. To try out the modified method, we used indicators for all Russian regions for five years.
Results The article points out the increase in the efficiency of social expenditures of the regions during the specified period of time. Despite the decline in real terms of funding for social protection measures from regional and municipal budgets, the growth of the number of poor people in most of the Russian constituents has not occurred. The article reveals a significant interregional differentiation of values of efficiency of expenses on social policy, and ranks the subjects of the Russian Federation on this criterion.
Conclusions and Relevance The differences in the effectiveness of social spending indicate a significant potential for optimizing the use of budget funds and reducing poverty in most regions of the Russian Federation. The results of the research can be used in comparative assessment of the quality of social policy of regional and municipal authorities. Studying the experience of leading and lagging regions will improve the effectiveness of social programs in Russian regions.


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