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Fiscal federalism: Theoretical basis and the Russian model

Tatarnikova V.V. National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #7, 2018

Subject This article examines the intergovernmental relations of the authorities, the security of budgets of various levels of the budget system of the Russian Federation.
Objectives The article aims to determine the budgetary federalism specifics, reveal the main models of fiscal federalism, and describe the Russian model in the context of financial resources decentralization and budget independence.
Methods For the research, I used the methods of analysis, synthesis, analogy, idealization, as well as the systems approach and analysis of variance. Besides, the work employs the methods of economic and statistical groupings, tabular and graphical visualization of statistical data.
Results The article describes the modern Russian model with an emphasis on decentralization of financial resources. It proves the effect of reducing the security of the authorities' own income while moving to the lower level: Federation – Regions – Municipal entities.
Relevance The results of the work can be used by the legislative and executive bodies of the Russian government to improve the inter-budgetary relations.

The subject-object relationships in the management of the region as a system of identification spaces

Neveikina N.V. Department of Physical Culture and Sports of Lipetsk Oblast, Lipetsk, Russian Federation ( )

Tatarnikova K.A. Department of Property and Land Relations of Lipetsk Oblast, Lipetsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #11, 2016

Subject The article deals with the problems of creating an effective system of management of the sustainable development of regions.
Objectives The paper aims to study the theoretical foundations of subject-object relationships in the management of a region as a system of identification spaces.
Methods To analyze various aspects of the subject-object relationships in regional management, we used the methods of systems analysis.
Results Having considered the subject-object and internal structures of the region, its interaction with the outer environment, we propose our own approach to external and internal features and functions of the region.
Conclusions Region, as a system, interacts with external environment through the open channels in the administrative, economic, institutional, organizational, and demographic perspectives. Its internal environment is structured by means of vertical and horizontal links between elements. The system has certain contradictions arising from the basic characteristics of the region.

Risks of the real economy in the context of regional economic security

Sannikova I.N. Altai State University, Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Rudakova T.A. Altai State University, Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Tatarnikova E.V. Altai State University, Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #20, 2015

Importance Economic security is a part of national security that implies managing the existing supranational threats and risks. Regional risks have close relation to those of entities of the real economy. Effective risk management requires knowledge of their nature and origination.
     Objectives The research aims at formulating a model for differentiating risks at the level of separate entities of the real economy and the region.
     Methods The research applies a systems approach in order to identify regional risks and risks of the real economy. Innovative susceptibility was compared with innovative capabilities through benchmarking.
The article presents the risk differentiation model at the level of separate entities and the region. As part of the model, we identify components of the risk of the region's balanced socio-economic development; specify the classification of risks of the real economy entities per result, cause and origin. We also provide methods for evaluating investment activities of the entity, innovative capabilities and propose criteria for innovative susceptibility evaluation, algorithm for assessing the innovative susceptibility indicator.
     Conclusions and Relevance Risks of the real economy are inherent to the region's socio-economic development risks, thus they become embedded in the general model of regional risks. It is necessary to devise a model for evaluating the correlation of its components and result of their interaction. Further researches should focus on the process of setting up the proposed model and evaluating its use in the region's socio-economic development planning.

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