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Institutional aspects of strategies for innovative development

Golova I.M. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( irina_golova@mail.ru )

Sukhovei A.F. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( alla_suhovey@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5, 2018

Importance To catch up with economically developed countries requires stirring up innovation processes in the Russian Federation and its regions. An important role here belongs to shaping an innovation ecosystem as a modern institutional framework of innovative changes.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to develop a methodological approach to justifying the contours of various types of innovation ecosystems in Russian regions.
Methods In the study, we apply the elements of the foresight technology, rating technique, methods of comparative analysis, economic and statistical methods.
Results We analyzed the specifics of the current stage of the Russian innovation system; identified key factors impeding the development of innovative processes; formulated priorities of the State policy aimed at creating favorable conditions for innovation ecosystem formation. The paper offers a methodological approach to justifying the contours of innovation ecosystem in the region, and a method to select perspective areas of innovation ecosystem formation, taking into account their engineering and manufacturing type.
Conclusions Translating the Russian economy to innovation-based growth requires special attention of the State to innovation ecosystem formation. Its successful function will create favorable conditions for innovative business development and accelerate innovation processes. Using the results of the research in State administration will enable reasonable decisions in formation and realization of strategies for innovative development of Russian regions.


Policy of import substitution in old industrial regions

Sukhovei A.F. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( alla_suhovey@list.ru )

Golova I.M. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( irina_golova@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #42, 2015

Importance Import substitution is one of the most important conditions to ensure the technical and technological safety of Russia under the foreign policy aggravation and imposed economic sanctions against Russia. It is of extremely important for old industrial regions, where the main production and innovative capabilities of the country are concentrated.
     Objectives The study aims to describe the nature of the import substitution policy and show the role of old industrial regions in its implementation.
     Methods We apply analytical, economic, statistical, and sociological methods that allow performing a reasonable analysis of the productive and innovative capacity of old industrial regions to substantiate the priorities of the import substitution strategy.
     Results We provide the results of calculations for the regions of the Ural Federal District, formulate criteria for selecting the priorities of the import substitution policy of old industrial regions. The study presents the tools to analyze and select the priorities for mobilizing the innovative possibilities of old industrial regions. We tested the findings using a case study of the Sverdlovsk oblast.
     Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that despite the existing problems, the old industrial regions of Russia have significant potential for import substitution. Its realization requires the selective State policy considering the specifics of production and innovation capacities of certain territories, as well as their needs in the recovery of the economy. This approach provides a basis for developing the opportunities that are built in the import substitution policy to stimulate the neo-industrialization processes.


Innovation infrastructure as a driver of socio-economic development: international and domestic experience

Sukhovei A.F. Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( alla_suhovey@list.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #45, 2014

Importance Due to growing disadvantage of Russia in terms of innovation development as compared with economically developed countries, the revitalization of innovation processes becomes particularly relevant for Russia and its regions. One of the mechanisms of stimulating innovation growth is innovation infrastructure.
     Objectives The objective of the research is to analyze the effectiveness of innovation infrastructure in Russia and abroad; to identify the main causes of innovation infrastructure inefficiency in Russia; to formulate priorities of modern innovation development.
     Methods I used the comparative analysis and economic-statistical methods to assess the level of development of innovation infrastructure in Russia and abroad and to demonstrate its potential as a driver of renovation of production and socio-economic systems in whole.
     Results The analysis showed that Russian innovation infrastructure is underestimated as a tool of social and economic policy to promote radical reforms related to high-tech sector development, which is pivotal for modern economy. I identified the main problems hampering the formation of an effective innovation infrastructure in the Russian Federation (the lack of general development strategy of innovation infrastructure; imperfect legal framework, which determines the status of innovation infrastructure objects; insufficient incentives for Hi-Tech parks and other innovative complexes and their residents, etc.). The study defines priorities for economic and legal support to innovation infrastructure and its efficiency enhancement.
     Conclusions and Relevance I conclude that refocusing the world community on innovation development requires greater attention of the State to innovation infrastructure. Its success not only creates favorable conditions for innovation business and processes, but also contributes to solution of many social and economic problems.


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