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Decline of the industrial injury standard in agriculture - a way to improving of the demographic situation in a village

Studennikova N.S. senior research worker, Orel state agricultural univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #19, 2009

The possibility of improving the demographic situation in rural areas by reducing deaths and injuries from accidents in agricultural production. To achieve the preservation of life and health of rural workers can be at the expense of activities developed on the basis of automated data processing materials investigation of accidents with fatal and severe outcome.


Condition of a demographic situation in rural territories of the Russian Federation and some aspects of its stabilization

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #30, 2011

In article data about a condition and prospects of development of a demographic situation in rural territories of the Russian Federation, the reasons, making direct impact on its condition are cited, and also the offers which decision will promote stabilisation of a demographic situation in the near future are formulated.


Safety of work in manufacturing of concentrates of food, dried fruits and vegetables

Lapin A.P. the main scientific employee, the professor, doctor of engineering, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( 8 (4862) 36-49-68 )

Logvinova S.P. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( 8 (4962) 36-49-65 )

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2010

In article the basic requirements to cars, mechanisms and other industrial equipment, technological processes, civil-engineering designs and reconstruction of industrial objects are stated, to the organisation and the maintenance of workplaces in the organisations occupied with manufacture of food concentrates, dried fruits and vegetables, coffe-products and the spices, providing safety of work


Preservation of labour potential - a strategic problem of a demographic policy of the Russian Federation

Galyanov I.V. doctor of engineering, the professor, the deputy director on scientific work the All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. senior research, The All-Russia scientific research institute of social development of village, Orel State Agricultural Univercity ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #24, 2010

The all-Russian Monitoring of conditions and a labour safety, directed on preservation of a life and health of workers in the course of labour activity, has come into force since January, 1st, 2010. However it has the merits and demerits which analysis is presented in this article. The authors offers the decision of some the problems directed on perfection of Monitoring of an industrial traumatism as a component of the all-Russian Monitoring of conditions and a labour safety.


Main development trends of the demographic situation in rural areas of the Orel region and typology of rural settlements on indicators of demographic environment state

Rodimtsev S.A. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( rodimcew@yandex.ru )

Rezviakov A.V. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( Hanter1984@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Institute for Rural Development, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #26, 2014

Despite positive changes in the field of fertility, mortality, life expectancy of the population of the Russian Federation, the problems of stabilization and improvement of the demographic situation in rural areas is still relevant. The article points out that the determination of the level of demographic development of rural settlements of the Orel region only about 5% of them can be can be carried to the category of the settlements having good demographic potential for sustainable social and economic development of the municipal district.


In the footsteps of extinct villages

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2016

Importance Due to a reduction and change in the composition of rural settlements in Russia and most of its subjects, the role of data sources retaining information about them is enormous. One of such sources is a monograph Villages of the Orel area. The reconstruction of historical pattern. 1566–2014, by A.Yu. Saran. It describes 10,873 rural settlements that existed in the territory of the Orel area for the entire period of its history within the borders of currently existing villages.
Objectives The aim of the article is to acquaint the reader with the structure and content of the monograph, which presents a historical encyclopedia of rural settlements of the Orel area.
Methods The article analyzes the content of the monograph, presents criticisms, determines the compliance of the information about rural settlements with national classification (All-Russian classifier of economic activities OK 029-2007 and all-Russian classifier of territories of municipal formations).
Results The monograph provides a reconstruction of the historical pattern of rural settlements of the Orel area from the 16th to 21st century and considers their typology. The Appendix to the monograph includes Historical encyclopedia of the Orel area villages with articles on rural settlements that have ever been mentioned in reference books.
Conclusions The monograph is of applied nature. It is a guide for everyone who conducts research in history, sociology, economics, and ecology of rural areas.


The Orel oblast experience in rural settlements' cultural heritage preservation

Rezvyakova I.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Orel Branch, Orel, Russian Federation ( rezvirina@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Institute of Social Development of Rural Areas, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #5, 2018

Importance The article investigates foreign and domestic experience in support to local incentives of rural residents on sustainable development of rural areas, including the preservation of historical memory of places of residence and cultural heritage.
Objectives The aim is to present the experience in using the grant support to preserve the cultural and historical heritage of Russian rural settlements.
Methods In the study, we employ methods of logical and comparative analysis.
Results The paper presents the experience of the Orel oblast in implementing grants for promotion of patriotism among students and preservation of historical heritage of rural settlements. It underpins the need for applying foreign experience in local initiatives implementation, shows the role of grant support to rural people's incentives for historical memory preservation.
Conclusions In rural areas, the need for citizens who contribute to development of the territory of their residence is more important than in urban areas. This is due to depopulation, ageing of population, school closures, rural unemployment, underemployment, and other factors. Local initiatives have a great future, as they can improve the conditions for interaction of all participants in the social life of rural settlements.


Overview of traumatism in crop production in Russia and foreign countries

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2018

Importance As agricultural production gains momentum, the injury frequency rate in agriculture remains one of the highest ones in the Russian Federation. Injury risks shall be mitigated and risk prevention actions shall be undertaken to reduce the loss of working time and increase labor productivity.
Objectives I analyze trends in traumatism causing the temporary loss of the ability to work, severe and fatal consequences in crop production, risks and causes of injuries.
Methods Relying upon literature and federal statistical reports, I overview occupational accidents in crop production of Russia and foreign countries. I conduct a retrospective analysis of accidents in crop production using the database, Serious and Fatal Occupational Injuries in the AIC of the Russian Federation.
Results Like in many other countries, in the Russian Federation, production processes in agriculture pose a threat to life and safety of workers. If the possibility of traumas and diseases is neglected in agriculture, issues of occupational health and safety will be more difficult to detect and solve, thus affecting workers and society as a whole.
Conclusions and Relevance To prevent occupational accidents, there should be new safer technologies, better occupational safety training of workers. It is necessary to encourage further research into occupational accidents in agriculture. The findings are supposed to contribute to technical and organizational activities for injury risk prevention in crop production.


Provision of rural residents of Central Russia with health services

Bogachev A.I. Institute of Social Development of Rural Areas, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( bogatchev@inbox.ru )

Polukhina M.G. Institute of Social Development of Rural Areas, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( redhvost@yandex.ru )

Studennikova N.S. Institute of Social Development of Rural Areas, Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2016

Importance The article deals with the issues of healthcare as part of the social infrastructure.
Objectives The paper aims to assess the state of healthcare in rural areas and justify the priorities of improving the existing healthcare system.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of statistical and economic analysis, as well as SWOT analysis.
Results The results of the study show a low availability of doctors, junior and medium-level medical personnel, hospital beds to rural residents, as well as insufficient material and technical base in the healthcare industry. Most subjects of Central Russia do not meet the social security standards to provide the rural population with good health services.
Conclusions An asymmetry of rates of urban and rural health services still remains in the subjects of Central Russia, as well as the impossibility of ensuring the equal access and quality of care for all categories of the population. However, the effective use of targeted programs at various levels, engaging highly qualified medical personnel in rural areas, the formation of medical and social services can improve the situation greatly.


Working conditions of animal husbandry staff: Issues and solutions

Studennikova N.S. Orel State Agrarian University, Orel, Russian Federation ( stu-nadya@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2017

Importance Russia's animal husbandry segment demonstrates one of the highest levels of injury and fatal injury among all types of economic activities. Injuries and morbidity among cattle breeders influence the productivity, since they cause the loss of a week or more in working time and subsequent financial losses.
Objectives The research analyzes the nature of accidents with severe consequences in the animal husbandry of the Russian Federation so to identify what causes injuries and outline how they can be prevented.
Methods I analyze injuries in Russia's animal husbandry using the data of the Federal State Statistics Service and Database, Severe and Fatal Injuries in Russia's AIC. I scrutinize literature so to pinpoint cases of injuries in animal husbandry abroad.
Results In 2015, the general level of injury in animal husbandry and fatal injuries exceeded the average sectoral and national indicators. Those who are exposed to harmful and/or hazardous working conditions in agriculture accounted for 30 percent in 2015. Reviewing foreign sources of information, I figure out that foreign animal husbandry faces the same difficulties.
Conclusions and Relevance To increase the labor productivity, reduce losses from injuries, save people’s lives and health, it is necessary to implement contemporary technologies, which will improve working conditions. The findings can be used to communicate the occupational safety situation in animal husbandry to relevant parties and specialists so that they determine what technical and organizational activities should be performed to prevent accidents in cattle breeding farms.


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