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Analysis of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis

Kabashkin V. a professor of MSLU, d.e.s ( kabashkin_va@veb.ru )

Sobolev I. student of MSLU ( ISoboleff@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #3, 2011

This article is devoted to the main provisions of the public-private partnership (PPP) projects realization. The grouping of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis (2008) is provided. The PPP development prospects in the Russian regions are developed.


Innovative strategy of transformation of hi-tech complexes

Sobolev L.B. PhD in Economics, Professor, Department “Economics of Innovation and Project Management”, the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Yakovlev E.N. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director “Expert and analytical Center" ( 8tat@mail.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #6, 2013

Transformation of high-tech facilities in the network of the company is one of the most promising and innovative forms of organization of big business. A similar form is being implemented in corporations Airbus, Siemens, Nokia, Sony. Enterprise Network is a network of partners (enterprises, research institutes, universities, and individuals), jointly engaging in the development, manufacture and marketing of certain products, while maintaining the independence to work with other partners.


Domestic aircraft industry needs the reformation

Sobolev L.B. Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, the Department of Economy of Innovations and Management of Projects, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Davydov A.D. PhD in Economics, Chief of the Problematic Research Laboratory, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #28, 2013

The united aircraft construction corporation created in 2006; to the present time solved only one of stated problems - concentration of the aviation active memberships within the framework of government monopoly. Now it is necessary to solve more complex problem - to make domestic aviation branch competitive in the world aviation markets. In the article one of the methods of solution of this task is proposed.


Avionics in modern aviation industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2016

Subject The article analyzes the trends in the avionics world market development.
Objectives The study aims to increase the economic efficiency of Russian avionics manufacturers and avionic equipment based on experience in creating the business models by global leaders and their competitive activity strategies.
Methods The study rests on a comparative analysis of activity of leading foreign and Russian companies engaged in development and production of avionics systems.
Results The analysis shows that Russian companies operating in the field of avionics have made only the first step on their way to creating a globally competitive organization structure. Next steps should be decreasing their dependence on Defense Procurement through developing the civil sectors of electronics, increasing innovation and diversification to enhance economic stability.
Conclusions Under fiercer competition in the global avionics market, it is possible to use alternative business models of avionics manufacture in Russia, increase the number of manufacturers (including through the creation of avionics segments in allied industries), and develop internal competition in the country.


Conglomeration as a method for increasing the efficiency of the military-industrial sector

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute – National Research University, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #47, 2015

Importance Defensive and resource conglomerates, robust and rather autonomous hi-tech civilian subdivisions can become one of the methods for restructuring the Russian economy.
     Objectives The research evaluates whether it is possible to enhance the economic efficiency of the Russian aerospace corporations as one of the leading segments in the military-industrial sector.
     Methods I performed a comparative analysis of activities of the global aerospace leaders.
     Results Aggregation of assets should be regarded as the first step of restructuring the military-industrial complex. As the analysis and the Russian economic conditions show, it is necessary to involve highly profitable businesses (oil and gas assets, banks, trading and construction companies) into conglomerate aerospace corporations.
     Conclusions and Relevance Restructuring the aerospace segment of Russia, it is reasonable to involve highly profitable civilian businesses in those corporations, thus increasing the input of the corporations in R&D and alleviate the budgetary burden. It is especially relevant when budgetary revenues from sale of carbon hydroxides fall and international sanctions are imposed. Defensive and resource conglomerates can raise their revenue by substituting imported equipment for oil&gas and power industries, creating innovative transport or IT-products.


Military and civil space

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #7, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the global space market in 2015, its segments and the position of the Western and Russian leading producers of aerospace equipment in different segments.
Objectives The research is confined to increasing the cost effectiveness of the Russian aerospace industry. The cost effectiveness can be improved through the structural combination of global aerospace leaders to form 3 to 5 business segments competing in several markets (not necessarily aerospace) at a time.
Methods The research constitutes a comparative analysis of leading foreign and Russian companies developing and manufacturing aerospace equipment. The article sums up results and provides recommendations.
Results As the analysis shows, the Russian aerospace companies opted for a conventional way by setting up the United Rocket and Space Corporation, i.e. a mere aggregation of assets. In the mean time, limited financial resources, domestic market needs in various high-tech products urges the Russian aerospace companies to search for more flexible cooperation formats typical of the Western aerospace companies.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the growing competition in the global aerospace market, it is necessary to find optimal integration forms as part of both united corporations and separate business segments, and develop the domestic competition.


Competition and cooperation in the global aircraft engine manufacturing industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #47, 2015

Subject The article analyzes the development trends in the global aircraft engine manufacturing industry. Two major trends include constant product renovation and business model optimization based on profitability indices. The business model optimization provides sustainability of aircraft engine manufacturers in the highly competitive aircraft engine market, increase in labor efficiency and stock value.
     Objectives The aim is to increase the economic efficiency of the United Engine Corporation by using the business models of global leaders in aircraft engine building, and their competition strategies.
     Methods The study presents a comparative analysis of leading Western and Russian corporations involved in aircraft engine manufacture.
     Results The analysis demonstrated that owing to competition and well-targeted business diversification, Western aircraft engine manufacturers provide for a stable growth of economic indicators (net sales, shareholder value, product modernization).
     Conclusions and Relevance Under fiercer competition in the global aircraft engine manufacturing sector, it is necessary to consider business model options in Russia, to maintain internal competition (at least of the 'Soviet' type), and to have a well-judged approach to diversification of Russian aviation corporations.


The military-industrial complex restructuring

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #47, 2016

Subject The article considers enhancement of economic efficiency of Russian arms manufacturers through using the business models of global leaders and their vying strategies.
Objectives The aim of the study is to compare restructuring methods of leading Western and Russian companies engaged in development and manufacture of weapons and military equipment.
Methods The study rests on a comparative analysis of Western and Russian leading arms manufacturers and their restructuring methods under instability of the countries' military budgets. The analysis is based on the annual rating data of world arms manufacturers, presented by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and publications in public sources.
Results The analysis shows that Russian companies operating in the military-industrial complex make only first steps towards creation of a globally competitive organization. Subsequent steps should be a segmentation of companies based on product and/or region (for cost saving), and reduction of their dependency on Defense Procurement through creation of robust civil segments (electronics, oil and gas and power equipment, etc.).
Conclusions and Relevance Under fierce competition in the global weapons and military equipment market, it is possible to create alternative business structures of corporations operating in the Russian military-industrial complex (using the experience of Joint-Stock Financial Corporation Sistema), enhance cooperation with companies of fuel and energy complex, develop internal competition in the country.


To the issue of restructuring of the United Aircraft Corporation

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #3, 2018

Importance The research constitutes a comparative analysis of the structure of leading military and civil aircraft companies of the world through annual reports, SIPRI ratings of arm-producing companies, annual ratings of aircraft corporations in Flight International journal and publications in the public domain.
Objectives The research aims to increase the economic efficiency of UAC’s operations by considering the organizational design of successful companies, global aircraft engineering trends and forecasts.
Methods The research is based on a comparative analysis of international aircraft engineering companies’ activities. I also identify possibilities for developing military and civil segments of those companies.
Results As the analysis shows, UAC has not created an effective civil segment for 10 years of its operations. Leading civil aircraft companies like Boeing and Airbus increased their revenues through a growth in their civil segments’ revenues, while revenues of military segments remained almost unchanged.
Conclusions and Relevance UAC’s project of SSJ100 generally failed to meet expectations. Another civil project faced high competition, thus its global launch requires many efforts and investment. As UAC is expected to enter all military and civil aviation markets, a lack of talent, lagging engine manufacturing and avionics, Western sanctions make the goal unattainable in the mid run, thus necessitating its adjustments.


Regional aviation of Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #1, 2018

Importance The modern regional aviation is one of civil aviation segments covering the needs for transport mobility of citizens living in remote regions, and functioning as a ‘supplier’ for long-haul and international flights. After vain attempts to penetrate this market with Russian projects of the 80th (Tupolev TU-334, Ilyushin IL-114) and Russian-Ukrainian projects (Antonov AN-148 and AN-140), the Russian regional aviation has the only new competitive product of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), namely, SSJ 100 98-seater liner.
Objectives The aim of the study is to analyze the actual state of things in the world regional aviation market and to search for ways of Russian expansion therein.
Methods The study draws on the comparative analysis of the world regional aircraft manufacturers’ operations in terms of seating capacity in all segments of the market, which is influenced by the new hub-and-spoke structure of air service organization.
Results The analysis shows how global manufacturers responded to changes in demand in the regional aviation market. The Russian aviation industry should either promptly react to the changed demand or accept aircraft of foreign manufacturers in the Russian regional fleet.
Conclusions At present, only UAC, more specifically, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company, its subsidiary, is engaged in regional aircraft manufacturing. I believe, it is necessary to demonopolize the aviation industry. The paper gives some examples of diversification.


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