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Analysis of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis

Kabashkin V. a professor of MSLU, d.e.s ( kabashkin_va@veb.ru )

Sobolev I. student of MSLU ( ISoboleff@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #3, 2011

This article is devoted to the main provisions of the public-private partnership (PPP) projects realization. The grouping of fundamental changes in the realization of public-private partnership projects under the influence of the global financial crisis (2008) is provided. The PPP development prospects in the Russian regions are developed.


Innovative strategy of transformation of hi-tech complexes

Sobolev L.B. PhD in Economics, Professor, Department “Economics of Innovation and Project Management”, the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Yakovlev E.N. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director “Expert and analytical Center" ( 8tat@mail.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #6, 2013

Transformation of high-tech facilities in the network of the company is one of the most promising and innovative forms of organization of big business. A similar form is being implemented in corporations Airbus, Siemens, Nokia, Sony. Enterprise Network is a network of partners (enterprises, research institutes, universities, and individuals), jointly engaging in the development, manufacture and marketing of certain products, while maintaining the independence to work with other partners.


Domestic aircraft industry needs the reformation

Sobolev L.B. Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, the Department of Economy of Innovations and Management of Projects, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Davydov A.D. PhD in Economics, Chief of the Problematic Research Laboratory, the Moscow Aviation Institute - the National Research University ( srd5051@mai.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #28, 2013

The united aircraft construction corporation created in 2006; to the present time solved only one of stated problems - concentration of the aviation active memberships within the framework of government monopoly. Now it is necessary to solve more complex problem - to make domestic aviation branch competitive in the world aviation markets. In the article one of the methods of solution of this task is proposed.


Avionics in modern aviation industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2016

Subject The article analyzes the trends in the avionics world market development.
Objectives The study aims to increase the economic efficiency of Russian avionics manufacturers and avionic equipment based on experience in creating the business models by global leaders and their competitive activity strategies.
Methods The study rests on a comparative analysis of activity of leading foreign and Russian companies engaged in development and production of avionics systems.
Results The analysis shows that Russian companies operating in the field of avionics have made only the first step on their way to creating a globally competitive organization structure. Next steps should be decreasing their dependence on Defense Procurement through developing the civil sectors of electronics, increasing innovation and diversification to enhance economic stability.
Conclusions Under fiercer competition in the global avionics market, it is possible to use alternative business models of avionics manufacture in Russia, increase the number of manufacturers (including through the creation of avionics segments in allied industries), and develop internal competition in the country.


Conglomeration as a method for increasing the efficiency of the military-industrial sector

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute – National Research University, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #47, 2015

Importance Defensive and resource conglomerates, robust and rather autonomous hi-tech civilian subdivisions can become one of the methods for restructuring the Russian economy.
     Objectives The research evaluates whether it is possible to enhance the economic efficiency of the Russian aerospace corporations as one of the leading segments in the military-industrial sector.
     Methods I performed a comparative analysis of activities of the global aerospace leaders.
     Results Aggregation of assets should be regarded as the first step of restructuring the military-industrial complex. As the analysis and the Russian economic conditions show, it is necessary to involve highly profitable businesses (oil and gas assets, banks, trading and construction companies) into conglomerate aerospace corporations.
     Conclusions and Relevance Restructuring the aerospace segment of Russia, it is reasonable to involve highly profitable civilian businesses in those corporations, thus increasing the input of the corporations in R&D and alleviate the budgetary burden. It is especially relevant when budgetary revenues from sale of carbon hydroxides fall and international sanctions are imposed. Defensive and resource conglomerates can raise their revenue by substituting imported equipment for oil&gas and power industries, creating innovative transport or IT-products.


Military and civil space

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #7, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the global space market in 2015, its segments and the position of the Western and Russian leading producers of aerospace equipment in different segments.
Objectives The research is confined to increasing the cost effectiveness of the Russian aerospace industry. The cost effectiveness can be improved through the structural combination of global aerospace leaders to form 3 to 5 business segments competing in several markets (not necessarily aerospace) at a time.
Methods The research constitutes a comparative analysis of leading foreign and Russian companies developing and manufacturing aerospace equipment. The article sums up results and provides recommendations.
Results As the analysis shows, the Russian aerospace companies opted for a conventional way by setting up the United Rocket and Space Corporation, i.e. a mere aggregation of assets. In the mean time, limited financial resources, domestic market needs in various high-tech products urges the Russian aerospace companies to search for more flexible cooperation formats typical of the Western aerospace companies.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering the growing competition in the global aerospace market, it is necessary to find optimal integration forms as part of both united corporations and separate business segments, and develop the domestic competition.


Competition and cooperation in the global aircraft engine manufacturing industry

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technology), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #47, 2015

Subject The article analyzes the development trends in the global aircraft engine manufacturing industry. Two major trends include constant product renovation and business model optimization based on profitability indices. The business model optimization provides sustainability of aircraft engine manufacturers in the highly competitive aircraft engine market, increase in labor efficiency and stock value.
     Objectives The aim is to increase the economic efficiency of the United Engine Corporation by using the business models of global leaders in aircraft engine building, and their competition strategies.
     Methods The study presents a comparative analysis of leading Western and Russian corporations involved in aircraft engine manufacture.
     Results The analysis demonstrated that owing to competition and well-targeted business diversification, Western aircraft engine manufacturers provide for a stable growth of economic indicators (net sales, shareholder value, product modernization).
     Conclusions and Relevance Under fiercer competition in the global aircraft engine manufacturing sector, it is necessary to consider business model options in Russia, to maintain internal competition (at least of the 'Soviet' type), and to have a well-judged approach to diversification of Russian aviation corporations.


The military-industrial complex restructuring

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #47, 2016

Subject The article considers enhancement of economic efficiency of Russian arms manufacturers through using the business models of global leaders and their vying strategies.
Objectives The aim of the study is to compare restructuring methods of leading Western and Russian companies engaged in development and manufacture of weapons and military equipment.
Methods The study rests on a comparative analysis of Western and Russian leading arms manufacturers and their restructuring methods under instability of the countries' military budgets. The analysis is based on the annual rating data of world arms manufacturers, presented by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and publications in public sources.
Results The analysis shows that Russian companies operating in the military-industrial complex make only first steps towards creation of a globally competitive organization. Subsequent steps should be a segmentation of companies based on product and/or region (for cost saving), and reduction of their dependency on Defense Procurement through creation of robust civil segments (electronics, oil and gas and power equipment, etc.).
Conclusions and Relevance Under fierce competition in the global weapons and military equipment market, it is possible to create alternative business structures of corporations operating in the Russian military-industrial complex (using the experience of Joint-Stock Financial Corporation Sistema), enhance cooperation with companies of fuel and energy complex, develop internal competition in the country.


A high mission of general aviation

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #3, 2016

Importance The small aircraft segment of Russia is on the wane. Meanwhile, in many countries, income from small aircraft manufacturing and servicing is considerably higher as compared to large and military aviation, not to mention employment opportunities.
Objectives The aim of the study is to find feasible solutions to revive the small aircraft production in Russia.
Methods The study draws upon the comparative analysis of operations of global small aircraft producers.
Results The analysis shows that they may be divided into three groups: large conglomerates, specialized companies producing a wide range of products, and small and medium-sized manufacturers. The study includes case studies demonstrating the directions where success in small aircraft business revival has already been achieved.
Conclusions and Relevance For United Aircraft Corporation, its involvement in the problems of small aircraft is an opportunity to diversify production and generate additional income, to get experience in designing and manufacturing for innovators, and to load idling production facilities. The successful cooperation of Rostec Corporation with Diamond Aircraft Industries, an Austrian company, is the second direction. The support to small domestic aviation companies (the Technoavia case) and cooperation with higher aviation schools and research institutes is the third direction. The fourth direction is the diversification of commodity and metallurgical corporations through the purchase of assets of small aircraft (the purchase of Aircraft Industries, a small Czech company, by the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company).


Air cargo fleet of Russia

Sobolev L.B. Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sobolevLB@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2017

Importance The modern transport aviation consists of two segments, i.e. the military and civil transport aviation. In the military transport aviation market, Russia, by virtue of its status as one of the largest military nations, tends to maintain its presence in all aircraft categories (by lifting capacity). As for the civil air fright, Russia occupies a rather modest place because of a relatively small volume of international and domestic trade and weakness in all categories of civil aviation: long-range, regional and general aviation.
Objectives The purpose of the study is to analyze major trends in the development of global transport aviation markets.
Methods I compare the operations of international manufacturers of military and civil transport aviation in all segments of the transport aviation market by lifting capacity, identify general trends in individual segments, analyze the competition and prospects for Russia in these markets.
Results The paper shows how world producers have reacted to the changing demand for various types of aircraft over recent decades. The Russian aviation industry should also respond to changes in the demand for transport aircraft, otherwise the Russian air cargo fleet will have only foreign manufacturers' aircraft, as it has already happened in the air passenger market.
Conclusions and Relevance In fact, only OAO Ilyushin (a subsidiary of the United Aircraft Corporation) is currently implementing the Ilyushin-76 in-depth modernization project and other single option projects started at the end of the previous century and rejected due to their uncompetitiveness.


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