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The peculiarities of the development of small towns in Russia

Sinitsyna O.V. Russia, Orel State University

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #28, 2009

The system of government in a small town during the transition period will still be in the process of development for a long time. The global changes taking place in the economical life of the country may certainly influence the economy of a number of large cities and small towns, as well. The starting point of studying the special features of any municipal formation is the analysis of the reasons of its appearance and the functions performed by it on the various stages of its existence, the analysis of the development of its economy structure.

The impact of public procurement on the development of small business in Russia

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( )

Sinitsyna E.D. Technosport Ltd, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( )

Intykbaeva S.Zh. Narxoz University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ( )

Journal: Finance and credit, #35, 2017

Importance Public procurement is one of the tools of small business support in many countries including Russia.
Objectives The paper is devoted to quantitative evaluation of the impact of this tool on small business development in Russia.
Methods The research compares the data on the small businesses engaging in public procurement and the indicators of small business development in Russia in 2010–2014. The analysis is based on fixed and random effects models of linear and logarithmic regressions.
Results We have discovered a positive relation only between the share of small enterprises in public procurement and the number of small enterprises at the regional level. The research has shown no evidence of the size of public procurement affecting turnover and profit of small business.
Conclusions and Relevance The findings of the study can be used to develop government policy regarding small business support in Russia, as well as the regulation of public procurement procedures. The paper concludes that there is no need in introducing a special regime of small business' access to public procurement.

Assessing the effect of government subsidies on the small entrepreneurship development in Russia

Tumanyants K.A. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( )

Sinitsyna E.D. OOO Tekhnosport, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( )

Fisher O.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #10, 2017

Importance The article is an attempt to measure the effect of government subsidies on the activity of small entrepreneurship.
Objectives The research provides a quantitative assessment of the way small businesses depend on the amount of government subsidies.
Methods The research compares information on the amount of subsidies granted for the small entrepreneurship development and its development indicators by constituent entity of the Russian Federation within 2008 through 2014. The modeling is based on double logarithmic regressions in line with fixed effects. For specification purposes, indicators without a time lag and with one-year lag are used.
Results We identify a statistically significant impact of government subsidies and their amount on small business indicators in regions. Indicators range if the amount of public funds changes by one percent. The greatest effect is registered in a year after the funds were provided.
Conclusions and Relevance Government subsidies have a positive effect on the small business development in the Russian Federation. If such funding grows, it will reinforce the position of small businesses in the national economy. The findings can be used to choose options for governmental support to small entrepreneurship in Russia and allocate funds among the constituent entities.

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