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Tendencies and prospects of development of the Komi Republic forest sector

Shishelov M.A. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( shishelov.maksim@gmail.com )

Noskov V.A. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( rubin35@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #2, 2018

Subject This article deals with the issues of development of priority directions and mechanisms of development of the forest complex of the Komi Republic.
Objectives The article aims to show the structural peculiarities of the forest sector and its related problems, analyze the world and national trends of the sector development, show its significance in the context of the emerging green economy, and propose mechanisms for its development.
Methods For the study, we used the method of microeconomic analysis and interviewing of representatives of enterprises and specialists of State departments.
Results The article determines that, on the one hand, the modernization of the processes of added-value wood conversion is a priority, and on the other hand, there is a need to preserve natural capital of forests as a factor of green economy. The microeconomic approach was tested in the development of the strategy of socio-economic development of the Komi Republic until 2030.
Relevance The results obtained can be used to develop various strategies for socio-economic development of the industry and the region as a whole, when planning the placement of new large wood processing centers.


A methodological approach to assessing key factors for industry efficiency increase: The Komi Republic timber industry case study

Shishelov M.A. Institute for Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the North, Komi Science Centre, Ural Branch of RAS, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( shishelov.maksim@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #10, 2016

Subject The article deals with the issues of development of methodological tools of evaluation of effectiveness growth factors using the timber industry complex of the Russian Federation as a case study.
Objectives The paper aims to locate the timber industry in the domestic economy, analyze the existing research on effectiveness evaluation and identification of growth factors of industry, and highlight the major causes for successful development of the complex.
Methods The paper proposes a methodological approach based on the analysis of available data of financial statements together with the materials of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation. Methodological research tools include economic-mathematical methods of processing of statistical data, interviews with representatives of businesses and professionals from government departments and agencies.
Results I found that various factors including investment, financial, infrastructure and factor competitiveness have the greatest impact on improving the efficiency of the timber processing complex of the Komi Republic. The revealed varying degrees of the impact of these factors on the effectiveness of the functioning of individual groups of enterprises should be taken into account when developing certain Government support measures.
Conclusions The results obtained permit to use a methodological approach that takes into account the particularities of the enterprises, to study the development of the industry of the Russian Federation and evaluate the growth factors of its effectiveness in addition to traditional methods. However, inadequate data in enterprises' financial statements and accounting, and limited experience with software analysis packages may be some limitations to perform such research.


Woodwork and timber industry as the main vector of timber processing complex development

Shishelov M.A. Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of North, Komi Scientific Center, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation ( shishelov.maksim@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #3, 2015

Importance At present, the role of the forest industry in the transition to the green (renewable) economy assumes importance. Therefore, the study of the state of wood work and timber industry in the forest industry, as well as the identification of inherent characteristics at the regional level, is also of particular relevance.
     Objectives Goal of research is to define the place of the wood work and timber industry in the forest complex of the Republic of Komi, and identifying the contribution of timber processing in the industrial production of the region. The paper also aims to study the role of the analyzed territory in socio-economic development, to identify the problems which limit the industry's effective development.
     Methods To determine the role of the timber processing industry in the timber industry complex of the Republic of Komi, to identify its place in the socio-economic development of the region and to assess the effectiveness of functioning, I have used the methods of systemic approach, comparative analysis, expert opinions, mathematical statistics and econometrics. The analysis enabled to identify the leading role of the timber processing industry in the woodland complex of the region; to define the social significance of timber processing, which plays a town-forming role; to emphasize the particular status of small forest business for rural remote areas of the Republic of Komi. The article also defines the main problems of the industry functioning, which resulted in low efficiency of wood raw material processing, imbalances of commodity and industrial structure, a high share of exports of semi-finished products, insufficient volume of tax revenues.
     Results I underline that the timber processing industry is in a position to become the main area of the timber processing industry development in the Komi Republic. Enterprises of the regional timber processing can make a far greater contribution to the socio-economic development of the region through replenishment of budgets and incomes generation of industry's employees.
     Conclusions and Relevance It is necessary to solve the main problems of the industry: backward primary sawmilling, undeveloped added-value wood processing, unprofitability of some enterprises, and stock structure imbalance.


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