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Smart city: A new spiral of territorial digital inequality

Sharif'yanov T.F. TsTU Vostok GUP RK Krymtelekom, Kerch, Republic of Crimea, Russian Federation ( timur.sharifyanov@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #2, 2018

Subject This article discusses the creation of Smart city as a catalyst for urban-rural digital gap, as well as the relationship between stakeholders of urban infrastructure arising from the implementation of smart city projects.
Objectives The article purports to identify elements of a strategy aimed at reducing the polarization of the quality of life in the area and counteracting the forces that compress and limit the region's socio-economic space.
Methods The article provides an overview of the related concepts and terms associated with Smart city, such as the intelligent city, digital city, sustainable city, technology city, and the well-being city and analyzes the world's practices to implement the idea and social Smart city infrastructure.
Results The article develops theoretical bases of explosive growth of data generation of digital interaction and defines influence of these data on models of consumer behavior and compression of social and economic space. It represents a scheme of digital interaction of households, consumers, elements of social infrastructure, service sphere through information and communication interface, and offers a developed complex criterion of territorial digital alignment.
Relevance The results of the research can be used in the implementation of the concept of Smart City by the relevant consortium and local governments to take measures on territorial digital alignment, developers of Smart city technical means, and the telecom industry actors.


A model to bridge the digital divide in small remote locations through public-private partnership

Sharif'yanov T.F. Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Ufa Science Center of RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( timur.sharifyanov@gmail.com )

Gainanov D.A. Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Ufa Science Center of RAS, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( isei@anrb.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #8, 2016

Subject The article deals with the problem of bridging the digital disparity between urban and rural residents in low population density and vastness of the territories.
Objectives The paper aims to develop a model to overcome the digital divide between urban and rural populations. The model promises to exceed the current model in the Russian Federation on the proliferation of universal communication services, consumer properties of global network access services, and the volume of investment expenditure saving of the State Universal Service Fund.
Methods The study uses a comparative method, analysis of international best practices in the implementation of infrastructure projects and sector regulation, and the differentiation of universal communication services.
Results We have developed and now present a model for bridging the digital divide between urban and rural areas through public-private partnership. Also, we have analyzed and show a concrete way to implement the developed model, and we justified its key structural characteristics.
Conclusions We conclude that to eliminate the digital divide between urban and rural populations, it is necessary to use such forms of public-private partnerships that form the economic motivation of businesses to implement cost-effective investments in development of telecommunications infrastructure in rural areas without increasing public investment. This partnership will provide a large area access to the global network and best features product.


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