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The evolution of forms of accelerated growth zones in the Russian regions

Savalei V.V. Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( 05viva@rambler.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #39, 2015

Subject The article deals with the theoretical and applied problems of institutional management of territories with special mode of economy management.
     Objectives The paper aims to identify the high-risk areas towards the successful implementation of the new model for stimulating the economic growth in the eastern regions of Russia, i.e. territories of priority development.
     Methods A retrospective factual analysis, comparisons and generalizations, analogies techniques served a methodological basis of the research.
     Results The paper provides comparative characteristics of the conditions of establishment and operation of three legal forms of organization of growth poles in the regions: the special economic zones, territorial development areas, and socio-economic priority development territories.
     Conclusions One of the tools to solve the problem of improving the competitiveness of the eastern regions of the country can be the move towards the concept of zonal concentration of resources and the search for more effective ways of organizing economic space. However, significant objective and subjective restrictions should be taken into account; otherwise, there will be no multiplier effect of these instruments on the territory of the Russian Far East.


Assessing the availability of working capital in economic sectors of the Far East of Russia

Savalei V.V. Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( 05viva@rambler.ru )

Samsonova I.A. Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( irina.samsonova@vvsu.ru )

Tatarenko E.Yu. Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Vladivostok, Russian Federation ( e_tatarenko21@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #6, 2018

Importance The article is devoted to the analysis and evaluation of working capital availability in the industries of the Far East. This is important for identification of problematic factors that reduce the efficiency and competitiveness of regional enterprises under measures undertaken by the government to liberalize investment and business climate in the region.
Objectives The purpose is to develop tools enabling to reveal industry-specific features of circulating asset financing, to conduct cross-industry comparison of structure and duration of operating cycles of enterprises and on this basis to improve the mechanism of financial decision-making in the field of working capital management.
Methods The study employs methods of financial ratio analysis and comparison.
Results The analysis of statistical reporting for 2012–2016 shows that the average periods of accounts receivable payment and accounts payable turnover are higher than the objective level in the economy of the Far Eastern Federal District and especially in the construction and manufacturing sector. This entails problems with working capital replenishment, generates credit risks of enterprises. Irrational structure of operating cycles leads to increased cost of net working capital formation and a decrease in profitability of financial and economic activity.
Conclusions It is critical to make managerial decisions on optimizing the operating cycle duration and structure in the economy of the Far Eastern Federal District, to focus on long-term sources of funding for its enterprises and industries.


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