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Principles of self-organization in the development and implementation of government programs

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2016

Subject The article discusses the ways to use modern principles of self-organization, one of the topical directions of further refining the program planning methodology, along with the traditional systems approach and principle of consistency.
Objectives The purposes of the article are a comprehensive analysis of the essence and principles of self-organization in program-targeted planning of complex engineering systems' development, and a clarification of the theoretical framework of program-targeted planning by sharing a systems approach and synergistic approach (the self-organization theory).
Methods We analyzed the content of program-target planning and established its fundamental similarities with the causal mechanism of self-organization of Aristotle. On the basis of a retrospective analysis of foreign and domestic experiences in the program-targeted planning of sophisticated military-technical systems, we determined principles and the physical essence of self-organization.
Results We attempted to understand the process of program-oriented planning of the development of complex engineering systems as a process of controlled self-organization; we identified goals, causes, conditions and driving forces of self-organization. We formulate the principles and criteria of self-organization in target planning development of innovative systems. As well we refined the theoretical-methodological base of program-targeted planning and specified prospects for its use for designing sustainable development dynamics of complex systems for the long term.
Relevance The results of our research may be useful when developing and implementing long-term development programs of complex technical systems, identifying ways and means to achieve sustainable development of complex engineering systems in the sphere of socio-economic development, defense and national security of the Russian Federation.


The methodology for managing high-tech production during the formation of Science and Technology knowledge resources

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2018

Importance The article focuses on the creation of models to conduct a feasibility study of a possible usage of new and traditional technologies, and evaluate whether research, designing and experimental work is possible during the given period of time, especially under the risk.
Objectives We devise a methodology for managing high-tech production throughout stages of S&T resource generation, and demonstrate its use in practice.
Methods The research relies upon an inductive framework of the self-organization principle. It is based on a simultaneous application of the induction and self-organization principles. Drawing upon this principle, we form a model for managing high-tech production.
Results We formulate the methodology for managing high-tech production throughout stages of S&T resource generation. It rests upon the inductive principle of the self?organization and multicircuit model. We present the structure and key components of the methodology and give a practical example of its use throughout stages of technological design of high-tech products.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed methodology can be used in certain technological areas so as to ensure the predictability and stability of high-tech production programs, and mitigate their implementation risk. The findings can be useful to outline and implement long-term programs for complex technological and technical systems development. They also can serve to determine the way of ensuring the sustainable development of the systems for socio-economic development of the country, defense and national security of the Russian Federation.


Analyzing the balancing problem at the stages of creating high-tech products

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2018

Importance The most important and responsible stage of justifying State programs for high-tech product creation is the balancing of program activities. This task becomes especially urgent when fulfilling the customer requirements for efficiency and quality of high-tech products under tight constraints on fund allocation.
Objectives The study aims to create a general balancing model based on a comprehensive analysis of the conceptual and methodological framework of balancing in various fields of activity.
Methods As a starting methodological premise – a scientific hypothesis, we substantiate the use of the principle of scientific syllogism, which includes general and special premises and a conclusion containing new scientific knowledge, and the principle of self-organization to take into account internal processes of balancing.
Results We formulated a conceptual framework for balancing to support the creation of high-tech products. On its basis we developed a general model and described its main parts, including the goal of balancing, conditions, criteria and parameters, and the result of balancing. We also formulated the general problem of balancing and methods to solve it. The paper shows that the problems of balancing and optimization on the one hand and the task of self-organization on the other hand are identical.
Conclusions The obtained results can be used to improve methodological tools to manage the creation of high-tech products while developing long-term technological programs, mitigate the risk of their implementation, define of sustainable innovative and technological development of the country.


Prioritizing the areas of basic research for the creation of high-technological products

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2017

Importance The development of methodological tools is one of the most important objectives of performance-based planning for prioritizing basic researches for creating high-tech products. Thus, it is important to set up priorities of basic researches so to create high-tech products of good quality, notwithstanding limited financial resources.
Objectives The research devises methodological tools and traces how the customer’s requirements to technical and economic characteristics of high-tech products correlate with needs in basic researches.
Methods The article stipulates that it is the matter of multiple criteria and collective examination to substantiate the reasonable composition of crucial basic researches. The analytical hierarchy process created by T. Saaty was used as the most productive expert method. To address the objectives, we modify this method for multi-tier consecutive expert modeling of the way scientific achievements in high-tech production are evaluated in line with the self-organization principle. This modified method helps to overcome methodological difficulties in evaluating the effect of scientific achievements in high-tech production.
Results We outline key principles of the methodological framework for prioritizing the areas of basic researches and evaluating how scientific achievements influence high-tech production, using ordinary functional and technological models. We present our own method to substantiate what areas of basic research would be reasonable to create high-tech products.
Conclusions and Relevance The proposed methodological tools are quite versatile. That is why they can be used to address practical tasks in substantiating the activities needed to plan the S&T basis for high-tech production.


Protection of intellectual activity results from misuse as a priority to ensure the innovation-technological security of the country

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Trushchenkov V.V. 46th Central Research Institute of RF Ministry of Defense, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #40, 2015

Subject The article discusses the issues of protection of the domestic results of intellectual activity as a key factor in the innovative development of the country, and establishing an effective system to control rights on results of intellectual activity, including their protection against misuse.
     Objectives The article aims to develop a methodological approach to the settlement of disputes and conflicts that arise when using domestic results of intellectual activity abroad, including in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Eastern Europe.
     Methods We used a systems approach to analyze the causal relationships that exist in the practice of the misuse of the results of intellectual activity.
     Results We formed a basic subject-oriented ontological model, reflecting the basic terms of the domain and the relationships between them. We identified the main causes of misuse of the results of intellectual activity and the most common mistakes when resolving disputes and conflicts. We propose our own technology of settlement of disputes and conflicts, and we formulate a general mathematical task to select the rational solution to the conflict from many possible
     Relevance
The proposed methodological approach (technology) can be used in the formulation of science-based interventions at the State (Interstate) level. This will reduce the risks of the Russian Federation in case of misuse of the results of intellectual activities in military, special and dual-use goods fields, the rights to which belong to the Russian Federation.


Results of intellectual activities as an important target of performance-based planning of innovative and technological support to defense and security of the State

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Trushchenkov V.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defence of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2015

Importance Innovative development of the Russian economy may be possible only when results of intellectual activities are generated and effectively used. Domestic entities, including the defensive ones, have been demonstrating a decline in their innovative activities for the recent two decades. Therefore, it remains a live topic to create a good system for managing results of intellectual activities at each stage of their life cycle.
     Objectives The objective of the research is to substantiate a vital need to integrate a system for managing results of intellectual activities into the mechanism for performance-based planning and managing innovative and technological support to defense and security of the State. To reach this objective, we address the following issues: to regulate the category of results of intellectual activities; to analyze stages of their life cycle; to find ways for more effective management of results of intellectual activities.
     Methods Based on a comprehensive analysis of the life cycle stages of results of intellectual activities, we substantiate a conclusion on the need to consider them as targets of performance-based planning by using the relevant methodology, with its main principles and contents presented in the article.
     Results The civil law framework of concepts regards results of intellectual activities as a type of civil rights. To prove that methodological tools of performance-based planning should be applied to results of intellectual activities, we formed a conceptual model of their life cycle. We also examine necessary activities and measures to more effectively manage titles for results of intellectual activities, which should be performed for successful socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, increasing the competitiveness of the military-industrial complex.
     Conclusions and Relevance If results of intellectual activities are regarded as targets of performance-based planning using the relevant methodology, it will stimulate the return on the State funds allocated for R&D and ensure interests of the Russian Federation in international cooperation and public-private partnership projects.


Innovation and technological ways of ensuring defense and security of the Russian Federation

Leonov A.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alex.clein51@yandex.ru )

Pronin A.Yu. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( pronin46@bk.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #47, 2014

Due to the increased level of the national security threats to the country, the innovation and technological way to ensure defense and security of the Russian Federation assumes special relevance. The article includes an analysis of the top priority and effective instruments of ensuring the Russian Federation's national security. The authors emphasize that creating modern and innovative army equipped with the most modern weapon systems that provide an adequate response to the whole range of threats to the military security of the State has been and continues to be the principal national priority. The authors underline the role of the Armed Forces contingents of the Russian Federation in peacekeeping and special operations of the Multinational Forces of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, as well as operations in the area of disarmament and elimination of illegal armed groups and suppression of terrorist activities. The Collective Rapid Reaction Force is an essential tool for ensuring the Russian Federation national security within the framework of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The presence in their structure of the modern high-tech weapon models will permit to effectively perform the tasks during anti-terrorist activities, protection and defense of the key military and government facilities. The paper has shown that innovation and technological ensuring of defense and security is carried out within the framework of the State armament program, including the complex of research and development activities aimed at timely creation of scientific and technical groundwork for full-scale development of advanced weapons and preparation of their serial production. The article demonstrates a search for rational options of innovative-technological defense and security of the country, including sharing traditional and new models of weapons providing substantial improvements in the efficiency of the weapon system, or reducing the cost of their solution. The authors provide the structure of the scientific-technical backlog, and also the innovation-technological cycle of creating the promising models of armament. The paper concludes that the response to modern threats to the Russian Federation security must be ensured through the development and delivery to the troops of samples of equipment and new generation of weaponry systems based on advanced innovative and technological solutions that provide asymmetric rebuff against possible threats and challenges to the security and national interests of the Russian Federation, rather than through increasing the size of the Armed Forces.


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