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Analysis of internal migration in the PRC

Ponkratova L.A. Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation ( ponkratova.liudm@yandex.ru )

Trakova E.V. Amur State University, Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation ( ekaterinatrakova@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #4, 2018

Importance Internal migration was very important for the development of eastern regions of China and supported the export-oriented model of the country's economy.
Objectives The paper aims to perform a comprehensive study of internal migration in China, analyze various approaches to the allocation of categories of migrants, identify types of internal migrants and provide a quantitative evaluation.
Methods We apply the methods of statistics, historical and logical methods, as well as comparative and statistical analysis.
Results The paper shows the influence of the institution of the registration on migration and mobility of people in China. It is necessary to distinguish between the status and the address of registration, as the status determines relationships between the owner and the State with regard to social benefits. We identify types of citizens of the PRC depending on the status of residence permit and the place of actual living, offer systematization of different categories of internal migrants, and quantify them.
Conclusions Internal migration contributed to the development of eastern regions of the country. However, the migration process of rural workers has slowed down. This demonstrates, on the one hand, the alignment of socio-economic development of regions, and on the other hand, the increased efficiency of migration policy aimed at reforming the registration system, especially in small and medium-sized towns.


Foreign trade of China: dynamics features and estimation of its structural changes

Ponkratova L.A. associate professor of “world economy customs affair and tourism” department, Amur State University ( liuda-ponkrat@rambler.ru )

Zhao Xin graduate student of “world economy customs affair and tourism” department, Amur State University ( xinxin88@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2011

This paper analyses dynamics and structure of China’s foreign trade. The authors have revealed features and changes in China’s foreign trade after its entry into the WTO and under the influence of the economic crisis, demonstrated and analyzed changes in geographical and commodity structures of China’s export and import using different indicators, including integral coefficient of structure difference: index Salai and index Ryabsceva.


An innovative approach to the management of investment projects of gold-mining industry enterprises

Nikulina O.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( Olgafinans@mail.ru )

Ponkratova K.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( pka.krd@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2016

Subject The paper considers the need to develop an innovative approach to the management of investment projects of enterprises in gold prospecting.
Objectives The paper aims to substantiate such a need.
Methods For the study, to identify problems and determine prospects for the development of gold mining enterprises, we used a systems approach, logical and statistical analysis methods.
Conclusions We conclude that managerial innovations in enterprises of the gold mining industry will enhance the effectiveness of the implementation of investment projects related to innovation in the technology of gold extraction and processing.


Estimate of effects from activity of foreign funded enterprises in China and in Russia

Ponkratova L.A. associate professor, Amur State University ( liuda-ponkrat@rambler.ru )

Novopashina A.N. graduate student, Amur State University

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #17, 2009

In spite of the crises in the world economy, Russia and China keep position of competitors for the investments. That is why the problem of efficiency of investment utilization has the great importance for the both countries. This paper contains analysis of trend, industry structure and principal effects from the utilization of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Russia and China. Besides, this analysis includes different methods in order to estimate the results of activity of foreign funded enterprises in both countries. The summary is Chinese foreign sector is more active then Russian. In addition, China has both higher investment rate and more progressive structure of FDI in comparison with Russia.


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