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Comparative analysis of definitions financial product and financial tool as the terminological basis of financial engineering in Russia

Poltoradneva N.L. PhD in Economics, associate professor of department Finance, Credit, Bookkeeping and Audit, State University of Railway, Omsk ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #6, 2012

In the article it is conducted the urgent analysis of categories financial product and financial tool. Similarity and differences in the data of concepts are determined.


Modern view on treatment of the category "finance" as methodological basis of financial science

Poltoradneva N.L. PhD in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, the Department of Finance, Credit, Accounting and Audit, the Omsk State Transport University ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #32, 2013

In the article the essence of the category "finance" from positions of historical and evolutionary, subject, administrative, conceptual, complex economical and legal and systemic-functional approaches is investigated. The author's treatment of the concept "finance" as subject of financial science is offered.


The financing of the municipal solid waste treatment system in Russia: Challenges and prospects

Poltoradneva N.L. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Latypova M.V. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( magvaslat@rambler.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #41, 2017

Importance The article discusses the issues of financing of the municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment system in Russia.
Objectives The paper aims to study the current state of the MSW management system and the particularities of its financing, analyze the prospects for changes in legislation, and develop recommendations based on foreign practices.
Methods For the study, we used vertical and horizontal statistical, and comparative analyses.
Results The results of the statistical analysis of the MSW treatment system in Russia show certain problems of its development. The study reveals that the main reason is the lack and inefficient use of financial resources. We have developed recommendations to improve the utilization and environmental charges system.
Conclusions and Relevance One of the most pressing environmental problems in Russia is the low level of the MSW recycling. It causes the landfills number increasing and losses of valuable economic resources. The issues of mobilization and effective use of internal financing sources of the MSW system are relevant nowadays. The results of the study can be useful in the activities of public authorities in the management of State and municipal finances in the area of MSW handling.


Modern interpretation of the financial system category

Poltoradneva N.L. Omsk State Transport University, Institute of Management and Economics, Omsk, Russian Federation ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Zav'yalova D.A. Omsk State Transport University, Institute of Management and Economics, Omsk, Russian Federation ( 5555511111.92@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #3, 2018

Subject The paper investigates the financial system category. The diversity of existing views makes it difficult to understand the essence of the phenomenon in question, because the definitions are often contradictory.
Objectives The aim is to obtain an unbiased and complete interpretation of the financial system term on the basis of analysis and generalization of the definition under review. It enables to organize the content of this term and simplify its use in theoretical and practical research, and to improve the quality of lawmaking and regulation.
Methods The study applies methods of comparative and logical analysis of various interpretations of the financial system category, which allow formulating evidence-based proposals, thus eliminating the gap between the theoretical model and the practical realities of the financial systems functioning.
Results We review the Russian and foreign scientific literature. The principal difference between foreign interpretations is that the State simultaneously acts as a central link of the financial system and an active participant of the financial market.
Conclusions The financial system is a form of organization of economic agents cooperation through money and financial instruments. It is in the condition of evolutionary development.


Environmental security of Russia: Financing issues and solutions through public-private partnership

Poltoradneva N.L. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Latypova M.V. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( magvaslat@rambler.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #11, 2016

Importance The article discusses the finance of infrastructure projects for environmental protection through public-private partnership (PPP).
Objectives The research examines environmental projects, mechanisms the government and private sector use to finance them, PPP opportunities for raising funds to the environmental protection segment.
Methods To identify difficulties in environmental security, we used graphical and statistical analysis of time series throughout the entire period under study. We compared and analyzed legislatively adopted business and legal forms of PPP so to determine whether they were adaptable to environmental projects.
Results The current environmental situation in the country was found to be evidence of insufficient and ineffective use of funds granted by the public and private sectors. Financing issues of environmental security projects can be resolved with the synergistic effect arising from the cooperation of public and private partners as part of PPP that is very frequent in advanced economies. The article indicates factors that influence businessmen to take decisions on participation in such projects. We also provide our recommendations on the development of the PPP mechanism for environmental projects.
Conclusions and Relevance Considering unfavorable global market conditions and financial sanctions, it is especially reasonable to mobilize domestic sources of finance for environmental protection projects. PPP became an effective mechanism for raising private capital, thus balancing interests of business and the State. This mechanism can be extended if the regulatory and legislative framework is improved and PPP advantages and benefits are communicated to a broader audience. The findings may apply to joint projects of the public and private sectors.


Foreign exchange difference as a source of finance for fiscal deficit of the Russian Federation

Poltoradneva N.L. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( natalya_roeva@mail.ru )

Latypova M.V. Omsk State Transport University, Omsk, Russian Federation ( magvaslat@rambler.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #10, 2016

Importance The article discusses foreign exchange difference as a factor of Russias economic security.
Objectives We explore the foreign exchange difference mechanism, evaluate its role in financing of fiscal deficit. The research also reviews specifics of the effect on the real economic sector, considering the instability in the global energy resource market and a limited access to the global stock market.
Methods To discover the current economic trends and evaluate how the Ruble devaluation influences national economic indicators, we applied graphic and econometric analysis of time series, built an econometric model for vector autoregression and subsequently analyzed impulse responses.
Results National currency devaluation is one of the methods to address the issue of growing fiscal deficit in the current circumstances. It increases the profit part of the budget with foreign exchange difference. Relying upon the vector autoregression model, we analyzed impulse responses of macroeconomic variables to the Ruble devaluation shocks. The analysis shows that there can be a positive effect in the short-term run. It mainly relates to import substitution, arising from higher competitiveness of prices for domestic products. Negative trends are seen in the mid- and long-term run, stemming from Russias very integrated position in the global economy and the relationships deteriorate due to the national currency devaluation.
Conclusions and Relevance We would recommend a moderate national devaluation as a method to finance fiscal deficit and boost an economic growth after the current economic situation is analyzed. To ensure national economic security, it is necessary to involve other methods to mobilize financial resources of the country. Public-private partnerships seem to provide the biggest opportunities in this respect.


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