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Primary income in the regional economy

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #30, 2014

The article describes the approaches to estimation of the distribution of income in the regional economy on the methodology of the system of national accounts. The author evaluates the dynamics and structure of primary income according to the generation of income account of regional accounts of the Republic of Mordovia. Applying statistical methods, the author identifies factors of dynamics of compensation of hired workers.


The cost of household labor in the regional economy

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #30, 2014

Throughout the existence of a multi-faceted society and human activities are constantly being daily in the household. Households play a crucial role in the functioning of the region. At the present stage, the role of human capital in the economic development of the country increases. It is reflected in the growth of labor costs. In the article the influence of the institutional change on attract of labor input of households to the production of goods and services in the region is investigated. Living standards and further development of the region are determined by these factors. In the present work, the author assesses the dynamics of the total hours worked and labour productivity regarding progress in the Republic of Mordovia. The structure of labor input in the regional economy is examined by using statistical methods. The structure has been analyzed in space and time. It is concluded that the changes in the distribution of labor input in the region's economy have the negative effects for households. It is a threat to economic and social security of the region. Results of the study are interesting in the context of identifying the nature and specifics of the process of institutionalization of regional households, as well as may be applied to the development of regional socially oriented policies.


Sustainability of regional socio-economic systems: Evaluation toolkit and the nature of development

Podol'naya N.N. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Ryabova S.G. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( ryabovasg@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2017

Importance The article examines the concept of sustainable development in terms of the formation of specific indicators focused on economic aspects of sustainability and derived from regional accounts.
Objectives Based on indicators that are compliant with international standards of accounting and statistics, we evaluate the sustainability of regional socio-economic systems and determine the nature of their further development.
Methods The research employs a systems approach and methods of comparative, statistical analysis and logic abstraction, and competitiveness radar graph.
Results Applying the regional accounts and competitiveness radar graph, we calculated integral indices reflecting the sustainability of the development of the regions in the Volga Federal District, and figured out the nature of their development.
Conclusions and Relevance As we conclude, when regional accounts are used to evaluate and analyze the sustainability of regional socio-economic systems, it will increase the number of indicators to evaluate all phases of the reproductive cycle of the regional economy more comprehensively.


Consumer interests of households in healthcare and recreation

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2016

Importance Considering crisis phenomena in the global economy, it is critical to retain and develop human capital. For this, it is necessary to study quantitative indicators of massive socio-economic and demographic phenomena, processes and results, which jointly reflect households' expenses for health care and recreation services, expenses trends, their mutual relation, effect on consumer expectations in this area.
Objectives The research examines what efforts the Russian households make to preserve and develop human capital.
Methods The research draws upon methods of grouping, absolute, relative, average and structural numbers, illustrative data presentation, analysis of relations, spatial, structural and dynamic analysis.
Results I analyzed the Russian households' expenses for paid services and determined reasons, trends, correlation of their changes in line with price trends, using sample-based budgetary surveys and statistical methods.
Conclusions and Relevance In today's Russian economy, households' expenses for healthcare and recreation services grow due to consumer sovereignty and households' focus on preservation and development of human capital by investing in physical and moral health of their members. Such investment was proved to give positive results.


A study into the current issues of the labor market: Regional perspectives

Podol'naya N.N. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2017

Importance The article examines quantitative aspects of mass socio-economic phenomena, processes and results, which jointly reflect the state, structure and dynamics of the unemployment among the region’s population, and how they influence the development of the region's economy.
Objectives The research scrutinizes unemployment trends within the year and represents a structural and dynamic analysis of the unemployment in the region. I also evaluate how the unemployment affects the development of the region's economy, and overview activities undertaken to bolster the labor market and employment in the region.
Methods Studying the unemployment in the region for the above objectives and purposes, I used methods of absolute, relative, average and structural values, forecasting, determinant factor analysis, structural and dynamic analysis, time series analysis and provided an illustrative presentation of data.
Conclusions and Relevance The State gets interfered into addressing unemployment issues when some factors are present. However, even under the most favorable conditions, the State assumes an active controlling function so to increase the human capital by activating social responsibility of business, develop social partnership and implement social policies. When specifying techniques for curbing the unemployment and increasing the employment, it is acceptable to resort to any measures that do not lead to inflation. In unemployment studies statistical methods will amplify the information pool for managerial decision-making on the regulation of the region’s labor market.


Spreading information and communication technologies in households and the economic development: regional perspectives

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #38, 2015

Importance IT development and use demonstrate an increasing growth, more significantly influence human life and change the nature and structure of labor, and environment. It is relevant to study how these processes influence the regional economic development.
     Objectives The research reviews IT penetration of households, represents a structural and dynamic analysis of the region's households per specifics of IT use and information and telecommunication networks, and describes the quality of mutual relationships and dependence in the region's economy.
     Methods Based on available data and statistical methods of descriptive, structural, non-parametric analysis and analysis of relationships, I describe regional aspects reflecting how population uses IT and information and telecommunication networks and their effect on the intensity of economic development.
     Results
I registered a significant growth in the level and quality of population's use of computers and other technical equipment. Permanent access to the Internet has improved. Based on panel data of the regions in the Volga Federal District, I evaluate whether information and telecommunication technologies have the adequate effect on the region's economic development and make regional households unleash their potential.
     Conclusions and Relevance The extent households use computing equipment and the Internet indirectly influences the region's economic development, without developing small business based on the Internet. The regional authorities should support projects that develop the information culture, and extend the scope of relevant studies so to thoroughly monitor the specifics of households' institutionalization, checking the current plans and prepare future ones for developing the electronic society.


Structural changes in the composition and budgets of households in regions

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #40, 2014

The article presents the results of the research of structural changes in the functioning of households in the Republic of Mordovia in the context of institutional transformation of the Russian economy. The core issue is a review of a household functioning from the point of view of an institutional approach. Based on this approach, I have defined the objectives and functions of the household as an institution, and analyzed the criteria to distinguish between closely related but not the same institutions, i.e. the institution of the household and the institution of the family. The basis of the research is general indicators of the structure dynamics, which are calculated according to the official data of the all-Russia population census of 2002 and 2010, as well as sample surveys of households, which are analyzed taking into account the possibilities of temporary mappings. To achieve this goal, I have conducted a structural analysis of the dynamics of household structure on the basis of the number and structure of family members, occupied housing, employment and dependency, and family unit structure, and have studied the budget of the households in the region by sources of income generation and areas of the income use. The combination of a descriptive analysis and the resulting synthesis of quantitative indicators enabled to give a qualitative characteristic of the level of structural shifts in the households' structure and changes in the budget components. It also enabled to draw conclusions about the current relationships and interdependencies in the functioning of households of the region. The results of the research can be interesting in the context of identifying the essence and regional specifics of households' institutionalization process in order to expand the information base to develop economic and social policies in the region.


The economic inactivity of population in the labor market

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #12, 2015

Importance The article introduces the concept of 'economic inactivity' referring to the population's behavior in the labor market. The article also determines the reasons and substantiates the need for reforms of the Russian economy. The underlying information of the research comprises the data of selective population surveys about employment and unemployment in Russia and federal districts, as well as regions of the Volga Federal District. The author selects the period of the analysis considering the data comparability.
     Objectives The author examines the regions of the Volga Federal District to review the trends of the population's economic inactivity, and make the structural and dynamic comparison of the number of the economically inactive population by gender, type of localities and category of the population size.
     Methodology The author identifies the principle factor that determines the economic inactivity level in the regions' labor market from 2010 through 2013, according to the panel data per region and the analysis of internal relations. The detailed analysis of the population's economic inactivity in the labor market represents the case study of the Republic of Mordovia.
     Results The combination of the descriptive analysis and the general quantitative indicators collected enables the researcher to provide a qualitative view of the structural shifts in the population's economic inactivity within the region and make conclusions about the existing relations and mutually dependent trends reflecting the origination of such a behavior in the region's labor market.
     Conclusions and Relevance The results of the research are relevant in the context of identifying the substance and regional specificity of the household institutionalization process to expand the underlying information needed to outline the economic and social policy in the region.


Interregional labor migration as a means of implementing labor function of households of a region

Podol'naya N.N. Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #3, 2015

Importance In the conditions of the Russian Federation regions' differentiation by their development, members of households are facing the problems of labor potential realization within the administrative boundaries of their stay. Therefore, in the modern market economic system, labor migration is an essential condition of their effective development and the natural process of labor market functioning, which is likely to have a significant impact on the condition of the households.
     Objectives The paper aims to research the relevant problem of impact of institutional transformations of the Russian economy on interregional migration of household members in the country. The article considers the methodological issues and practice of formation and analysis of official statistical information on labor migration in the Russian Federation.
     Methods On the basis of the official data of the State statistics of the Russian Federation, which are formed as part of sample surveys on employment, I evaluated the dynamics of interregional labor migration both in Russia in general, and in the Volga Federal District, in particular. To identify the trends in interregional labor migration flows, factors and conditions that generate them, I carried out the spatial comparison on the basis of absolute and relative indicators of migration using statistical methods.
     Results I underline the need for further improvement of interregional migration monitoring by official registering agencies to create an adequate information base for this process regulation in order to increase the population's welfare through the involvement of labor resources of households.
     Conclusions and Relevance The findings of this research may serve as a tool in identifying the essence and regional specifics of the process of households' institutionalization.


Passive behavior of the working age population in the labor market: Risk considerations

Podol'naya N.N. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( podolnaya1@yandex.ru )

Katyn' A.V. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russian Federation ( albashaK@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2018

Importance Nowadays the substance of labor and respective attitudes change as it decreases in human life. Public determinants and patterns in the labor market transform. There is no common comprehension of the way the substance and implications of the economic inactivity phenomenon in the labor market influence the public development and security. However, it is necessary to prevent threats and counter hazards for the society and economy.
Objectives The research concentrates on the passive behavior of people in the labor market. We identify determinants and trends of the passive behavior in the labor market nationwide and worldwide. We observe the formation of economic inactivity among the working age population in the Russian economy in terms of its annual trends and correlations.
Methods The research involves methods of logic, descriptive analysis, analysis of time series and non-parametric statistics.
Results We determined the pool of information and evaluated official statistics on the people's involvement in the labor force. We observed the development of the passive behavior in the labor market of Russia and worldwide in terms of determinants and trends, and describe annual dynamics and correlations in the formation of the economic inactivity among the working age population in Russia.
Conclusions and Relevance Empirically obtained knowledge of the economic inactivity patterns among the working age population enables us to forecast further trends. It is noteworthy that the State policy is able to help people relish labor and strive to publicly important activity. Relevant conditions shall be created to support this throughout people's lives.


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