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The regional innovation potential of industrial clusters

Abramov R.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( oef08@mail.ru )

Podchufarov S.K. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Sergey_pod@bk.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #5, 2017

Subject The article discusses the aspects of increasing the innovative activity of regions and industry clusters.
Objectives The article purports to show how the strategy of enhancing the competitiveness of the economy of the Russian Federation is implemented in a key cluster of the country's development, namely in the regions of the Central Federal District.
Methods For the study, we used analytical, prognostic and expert methods, as well as a mathematical modeling technique for adjusting the cluster estimates.
Results The article says there is a need for certain activities to make network innovation structures in the regions on the basis of a cluster approach, include certain measures to support the development of national and regional high-priority clusters in the programmes of regional development, attract scientific and educational centers to study the world experience of cluster development, and train professionals for work under the conditions of cluster formation of the economy.
Conclusions Formation of clustered entities should be based on strategic decisions taken in profit zone control associated with the stages of social reproduction. The formation and development of clusters lead to many integral advantages at the region and country levels.


The Regional Innovation Potential of Industrial Clusters

Abramov R.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( oef08@mail.ru )

Podchufarov S.K. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Sergey_pod@bk.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #2, 2017

Importance The article discusses the aspects of increasing the innovative activity of regions and industry clusters.
Objectives The article purports to show how the strategy of enhancing the competitiveness of the economy of the Russian Federation is implemented in a key cluster of the country's development, namely in the regions of the Central Federal District.
Methods We used analytical, forecasting and expert methods, as well as a mathematical modeling technique for adjusting the cluster estimates.
Results The article says there is a need for certain activities to make network innovation structures in the regions on the basis of a cluster approach, include certain measures to support the development of national and regional high-priority clusters in programs of regional development, attract scientific and educational centers to study the world experience of cluster development, and train professionals for work under the conditions of cluster formation of the economy.
Conclusions and Relevance Formation of clustered entities should be based on strategic decisions made in relation to profit control associated with the stages of social reproduction. The formation and development of clusters lead to many integral advantages at the region and country levels.


The uneven development of territorial entities as a key deterrent factor of economic growth at the state level

Stroev V.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vstroev@yandex.ru )

Podchufarov S.K. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sergey_pod@bk.ru )

Khubiev A.K. IE Yaroshev I.I. Construction Company, Cherkessk, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Russian Federation ( arsen009@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #32, 2014

Today, securing of the stable economic growth rates of the State is one of the key challenges that require input from a variety of factors. The economy of any country can be regarded as a collec-tion of the industry sectors that produce goods and services, or, based on the territorial feature, as the total result of the development of the productive processes in the subjects of the State. The last option provides a different perspective on the problem of ensuring of the country's economic growth. The purpose of this article is a summary of the vision of the possible option of assessing the impact of the uneven development of territories on key macroeconomic indicators in Russia. The authors study the vulnerabilities in the economy of the Russian Federation based on the forms of the "import-export" statistical reporting, which allows to make an analysis of the spe-cialization of regions, to identify promising directions for the development of their production capacities. The study resulted in the formation of the theoretical construction to assess the impact of the uneven regional development of the entities of the State on the GDP dynamics. In this connection, the paper made a clear distinction between the GRP, generated by the region's own base; the results of the involvement of the subject in the federal programs and subsidies, which are allocated from the federal budget. That separation is important, since some of the authors in the economic literature identify the resources received by the constituent territories of the Rus-sian Federation in the framework of the federal programs as subsidies that is not sufficiently cor-rect. The approach proposed in the article may be applied by the designated companies and structures, which are dealing with this issue. The deepening of the perceptions about the impact of the territorial development factor will enable to develop the balanced solutions and to work out the correct program of the development of individual sectors and of the economy as a whole. The authors emphasize the need to prepare the legislation, which is aimed at creating of a mobile system to ensure the adequate growth of the country's GDP, which takes into account the specia-lization of regions and their differentiation in socio-economic development.


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