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Prospects for green economy in Turkmenistan

Pendzhiev A.M. Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan ( ampenjiev@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #38, 2015

Importance The article considers prospects for green economy in Turkmenistan and possibilities of using local renewable energy resources.
     Objectives The study aims to analyze and calculate the potential of renewable power resources in Turkmenistan, to define the most energy-saving systems of renewable energy sources in managing the investment activity at the regional level, to set priorities in the ecological business.
     Methods I apply mathematical modeling and economic methods to analyze various aspects of investment activity in regions.
     Results The article describes potential resources of renewable energy resources, presents technical specification for servicing renewable power facilities to solve the problems of green economy.
     Conclusions and Relevance Based on the calculations of the solar-energy resources, and taking into account the intensity of solar radiation, geographic, climatic and adverse weather conditions. I have calculated the energy potential that will enable to prepare a feasibility study for building solar power stations.


The performance of photovoltaic energetics development in Turkmenistan

Pendzhiev A.M. Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan ( ampenjiev@rambler.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2018

Importance This article discusses the prospects of obtaining polycrystalline silicon from Karakum sand and considers the technical-economic and ecological importance of the development of photoenergetics in Turkmenistan.
Objectives The article aims to study the problems of obtaining silicon from Karakum sand, reveal the socio-ecological and economic advantages of the development of photoenergetics and assess the prospects of construction of a solar photovoltaic modules production plant in Turkmenistan.
Methods For the study, I performed certain analytical calculations.
Results The article presents certain calculations on performance of various power units, energy prices, investment volumes, cost and economic capacity of solar modules manufacture.
Conclusions Under market development, one of the factors of growth of productive forces of Turkmenistan is a shift of economy to an intensive way of development through introduction of innovation. The innovative manufacturing scheme of silicon purification, based on the use of high-purity Turkmen quartz, will accelerate industrialization and ensure a sustainable development of Turkmenistan.


Logistics of water supply to the Karakum Desert

Pendzhiev A.M. Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan ( ampenjiev@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2016

Importance Desertification is one of the topical recognized problems. The article discusses the geoinformational specifics of water supply and provides calculations of capital investment for comparing the logistics options of water delivery to the Karakum Desert by water haulers.
Objectives The aim is to identify capital and specific investments for fresh water delivery to the Karakum Desert and distillate production using greenhouse solar distillers, to determine required dimensions of artificial sites for atmospheric precipitation collection and the volume of water storage tanks for distillate product.
Methods Using mathematical methods and feasibility analysis, I analyze the various aspects of investment activity in the desert area, and determine the most energy-efficient water supply systems.
Results The paper analyzes the feasibility and economic efficiency of methods for water in the desert zone. It shows the performance of irrigation, water delivery by water haulers, collection of atmospheric precipitation, their cost for livestock production and desert lands development.
Conclusions The proposed method enables to choose an economically sound way of water supply for a particular area.


Green economy principles in Turkmenistan

Pendzhiev A.M. Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan ( ampenjiev@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #29, 2015

Importance The article considers the green economy priorities in Turkmenistan, principles of ecological factors, the strategy of green economy in environmental protection, and their implementation.
     Objectives The study aims at defining the green economy principles and the areas of energy preservation. The focus is on solving energy, economic, ecological, and social problems to implement government programs for sustainable development.
     Methods I employed mathematical modeling and economic methods to analyze various aspects of investment activity in regions and to determine the most effective systems of renewed energy sources in managing investment activity at the level of regions and ecological business priorities.
     Results I offer a technique to forecast greenhouse gas emissions using a territorial and production model of the country's Fuel & Energy Complex optimization. The technique enables to identify efficient directions of scientific and technical progress in energy generation, transformation and use, and to assess the consequences for the environment; to define the structure and size of possible actions for structural reorganization of the power industry to diminish negative impact of greenhouse gases on the environment and to estimate the behavior pattern of emissions in the power industry.
     Conclusions Energy efficiency and renewable energy may enhance the energy security while reducing pollution.


Green economy priorities in Turkmenistan

Pendzhiev A.M. Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan ( ampenjiev@rambler.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #30, 2015

Subject The article considers green economy priorities in Turkmenistan, technical and economic, power, and ecological potentials of solar energy units and other renewable energy resources.
     Objectives
The objective is to calculate the local potential of renewable energy sources in Turkmenistan with ecological, economic and social priorities on their use to address energy, economic, environmental and social issues, and to reduce the anthropogenous load in the climate change for implementing the government programs for sustainable economic development.
     Methods I apply the mathematical modeling and economic methods to analyze various aspects of investment activity in regions, define the most efficient systems of renewable energy sources in managing the investment activity at the level of regions, and priorities in ecological business.
     Results The article presents technical, economic, energy, and ecological potential of solar energy units and other renewable energy sources in Turkmenistan to solve the green economy-related problems. Based on theoretical studies on the use of solar energy units, it is possible to make project proposals for selling quotas to the Carbon Fund of the World Bank. I developed empirical formulas considering the gross, technical, and ecological potential of solar energy in the regions of Turkmenistan. The formulas may help forecast energy, economic and ecological potential of active solar energy systems, equipment and facilities to make a technological database of the green economy of Turkmenistan.
     Conclusions Rational supply of energy resources, increasing the economic efficiency of their ecological use, involving the nonconventional power sources (including renewable ones), and sound energy efficiency policy are extremely important for green economy.


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