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Analyzing changes in financial soundness of the BRICS countries

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( walera712006@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #6, 2018

Subject The article reviews the financial soundness of the BRICS countries.
Objectives Our aim is to analyze changes in the BRICS countries' solvency with evaluation of the growth rate (GR) of a set of mutually conditioned financial and economic factors and subsequent polynomial approximation.
Methods The methodology of the study rests on fundamental provisions of the theory and practice of factor analysis, financial and economic laws, findings in the field of equilibrium and non-equilibrium development of countries in the world economy.
Results The analysis of trends in the financial soundness of the BRICS countries with GR assessment and polynomial approximation of liquid bank reserves versus assets, broad money supply, exchange rate, deflator index, inflation rate, consumer prices, interest rates on loans (private sector) of listed domestic companies unveiled countries with high and low GR for 2006–2016, as well as high and low instability by absolute amplitude value.
Conclusions It is practicable to use the findings in the process of formation and adjustment of international policy and foreign trade with the BRICS countries, and for improving the mechanism of their implementation.


Transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( walera712006@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2018

Importance The article focuses on the transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy.
Objectives We conduct a systems analysis of what inflicts the transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy due to unequal growth rate of Gross Regional Product per capita, Industrial Production Index, number of enterprises and organizations, unemployment, demographic burden.
Methods We apply fundamental principles of the theory and practice of a systems analysis, economic laws, scientific findings on the equal and unequal development of economy, origination and resolution of conflicts.
Results We identify regions that experience conflicts and not. In the Russian economy, the transregional conflict of interests results from controversies of the State policy for sustaining highly subsidized regions in the long-term planning horizon. This attributes the other regions to the conflict group.
Conclusions and Relevance The substance of conflict-driven regions is that they are reluctant to break up with their highly-subsidized status impeding real investment. Regions should avoid the passive development, curb any reasons for it, thus paving the way for reducing the number of conflict-laden regions. The findings can be used to form and adjust the national policy for economic stimulation of the Russian regions and improving the respective mechanism.


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