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Analyzing changes in financial soundness of the BRICS countries

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( walera712006@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #6, 2018

Subject The article reviews the financial soundness of the BRICS countries.
Objectives Our aim is to analyze changes in the BRICS countries' solvency with evaluation of the growth rate (GR) of a set of mutually conditioned financial and economic factors and subsequent polynomial approximation.
Methods The methodology of the study rests on fundamental provisions of the theory and practice of factor analysis, financial and economic laws, findings in the field of equilibrium and non-equilibrium development of countries in the world economy.
Results The analysis of trends in the financial soundness of the BRICS countries with GR assessment and polynomial approximation of liquid bank reserves versus assets, broad money supply, exchange rate, deflator index, inflation rate, consumer prices, interest rates on loans (private sector) of listed domestic companies unveiled countries with high and low GR for 2006–2016, as well as high and low instability by absolute amplitude value.
Conclusions It is practicable to use the findings in the process of formation and adjustment of international policy and foreign trade with the BRICS countries, and for improving the mechanism of their implementation.


Transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( walera712006@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2018

Importance The article focuses on the transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy.
Objectives We conduct a systems analysis of what inflicts the transregional conflict of interests in the Russian economy due to unequal growth rate of Gross Regional Product per capita, Industrial Production Index, number of enterprises and organizations, unemployment, demographic burden.
Methods We apply fundamental principles of the theory and practice of a systems analysis, economic laws, scientific findings on the equal and unequal development of economy, origination and resolution of conflicts.
Results We identify regions that experience conflicts and not. In the Russian economy, the transregional conflict of interests results from controversies of the State policy for sustaining highly subsidized regions in the long-term planning horizon. This attributes the other regions to the conflict group.
Conclusions and Relevance The substance of conflict-driven regions is that they are reluctant to break up with their highly-subsidized status impeding real investment. Regions should avoid the passive development, curb any reasons for it, thus paving the way for reducing the number of conflict-laden regions. The findings can be used to form and adjust the national policy for economic stimulation of the Russian regions and improving the respective mechanism.


A factor analysis of trends in financial soundness of member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( walera712006@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #8, 2018

Subject The article addresses the financial viability of member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Objectives The study aims to perform a factor analysis of trends in the financial soundness of member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, including the estimation of growth rates of a set of interdependent indicators, with subsequent polynomial approximation.
Methods The study draws on fundamental premises of the theory and practice of factor analysis, financial and economic laws, results of scientific research in the field of equilibrium and non-equilibrium country development of the global economy and world order.
Results We reveal countries with high and low growth rates of a set of interdependent indicators, and also with high and low instability in absolute magnitudes. The findings may be used in the process of formation and updating the foreign trade policy with member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and for improving the implementation mechanism.
Conclusions We conclude that the following countries have high growth rates for 2006–2016: Tajikistan (bank liquid reserves to assets), Kyrgyzstan (broad money supply, inflation, consumer prices), Kazakhstan (exchange rate), Uzbekistan (deflator index), Russia (interest rate on loans in the private sector), China (listed domestic companies); and high absolute amplitude values of instability: Kazakhstan (bank liquid reserves to assets), Tajikistan (broad money supply), India (exchange rate), Russia (deflator index, listed domestic companies), China (inflation, consumer prices), Kyrgyzstan (interest rate on loans in the private sector).


Forecasting the nature of construction activities in Russia and their reasons

Smirnov V.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (Chuv SU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( v2v3s4@mail.ru )

Mulendeeva A.V. I.N. Ulianov Chuvash State University (Chuv SU), Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation ( alena-mulendeeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2018

Importance The article discusses the nature of, and reasons for construction activities in Russia for the future period.
Objectives The research analyzes the nature of, and reasons for construction activities in Russia within the future period of time, referring to estimates of work completed as part of construction activities, its growth rate, distribution skewness, average, Business Confidence Index, portfolio of orders, actual scope of work, numbers of the employed people, average utilization level of production capacity, economic situation, shortage of orders, high taxes, lack of qualified workforce.
Methods The research employs fundamental principles of the theory and contemporary practice of systems analysis concerning types of economic activities. We also adhere to economic laws and scholarly findings on the equitable economic development.
Results We found the optimal number of operational construction entities in the Russian regions, scope of work, percentage of residential buildings, prevailing importance of productive capacity launch, and illustrate points of decline. We unveil the hierarchy of reasons influencing construction activities in Russia, with the predominating factor being rather hard to trace due to mutual relatedness.
Conclusions and Relevance The optimal forecasting line of the Russian construction activities stems from the market environment they are performed in, i.e. abolishment of monopolies and reduction in the actual scope of work. It will dilute the mutual relatedness of factors influencing the construction activities in Russia and spotlight the predominating and controllable factor. The findings should be used to adjust the Roadmap for Construction Development in Russia, set up governmental initiatives for encouraging the construction activity in the Russian regions and improve the implementation mechanism.


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