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Classification of documentary letter of credit

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute of Management, Economy and Business, the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Kolmakova O.D. Graduate Student, the Department of Finance and Credit, the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( olg-kolmakova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #36, 2013

In the article more profound classification of the documentary letter of credit as tool not only settlement and guarantee, but also trade financing is offered. Signs of classification of the documentary letter of credit and its functionality, given in scientific works of various authors are systematized and added.


Possible consequences of Russia's WTO accession for entrepreneurial structures of the fishing areas

Teplitzkiy V.A. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department "Finance and Credit", the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Ivanov A.V. Doctor of Science, Professor, Department "Economy and Entrepreneurship", the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( Ivanovav57@klgtu.ru )

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute of Management, Economics and Entrepreneurship, the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #18, 2013

In the article the possible consequences for fishery of the country and the Kaliningrad region from Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization are considered. Possible measures of tariff and non-tariff regulation of foreign trade by the state are presented.


Forecasting the freight capacity reserves of receiving and cargo fleet

Koryakina A.V. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( a.koryakina@inbox.ru )

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( mag@econ.me )

Teplitskii V.A. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( mag@econ.me )

Journal: Finance and credit, #34, 2014

The article addresses the problem of forecasting the reserves of receiving and transport fleet freight capacity. The reserves are necessary for reducing the downtime of catching vessels, which results from uneven fish production. The authors have developed a technique for determining the optimal reserve of freight capacity and a modeling algorithm of the reserve replacement.


Banking system - important element of regional market economy

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Vice Rector for Economy and Finance, the Kaliningrad Technical State University ( rector64@mail.ru )

Sayadyan S.G. Graduate Student, the Department of Finance and Credit, the Kaliningrad Technical State University ( suro99@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #46, 2013

In the article the structure, tasks and ways of development of the market at regional level are considered. The regional market is investigated as system of the interacting institutes involved in market processes. The regional banking system as the main component of the market of the loan capitals forming essence of the regional market is analysed. Various scenarios of increase of efficiency of a regional banking system are offered.


Problems of formation of revenue local budgets according to the reform of intergovernmental fiscal relations

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute of Management, Economics and Entrepreneurship of the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Kokhan A.N. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department “Finance and Credit”, the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( angelina1804@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #19, 2013

In the article the questions of reforming the intergovernmental fiscal relations in the Russian Federation, as well as features of their implementation of exclave region on the example of the Kaliningrad region are investigated, the structure of revenues of the local budgets and the consolidated budget, as well as assesses the implications of the new law «On the intergovernmental relations» are analyzed.


Reformation prospects of the financing system of the EU general budget

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of the Institute of Management, Economics and Business, the Kaliningrad State Technical University ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Ryabtsev S.V. PhD of Economics, Associate Professor of Department "Management", the Baltic Fishing Fleet State Academy ( laturna@interia.pl )

Journal: Finance and credit, #1, 2013

The article is devoted to the examination of the reformation prospects of the financing system of the EU general budget. The existing financing procedure of the EU general budget is taken under consideration. The contemporary state of contributions to the EU general budget is analyzed on the VAT basis. The advantages and disadvantages of the single pan-European VAT is estimated as well as the possible consequences of its introduction.


Finance of higher educational institutions in new conditions: results of reform and development direction

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Doctor of Economics, professor, director of Institute of management, economy and business, Kaliningrad state technical university ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Evstafyev K.A. associate director of Institute of management, economy and business, Kaliningrad state technical university ( konst-evst@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #8, 2014

In article it is noted that carrying out by the state of the financial reform which part is improvement of a legal status of the budgetary establishments, dictates need of development and deployment of new approaches to the organization of internal budgeting. Conceptual questions of creation of a financial system in the budgetary and autonomous establishments, based on distribution of powers and allocation of the centers of financial responsibility are considered. The conclusion is drawn on expediency of development of technology of modeling of the financial streams, allowing to receive the forecast of cash flow and a condition of liquidity of establishment.


The content and classification of the concepts of trade finance and documentary operations

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Kolmakova O.D. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( olg-kolmakova@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #36, 2014

The article deals with a problem of terminology application in settling transactions in the form of a documentary letter of credit, as well as translation of certain terms used in the UCP 600. The authors state that the language of letters of credit has been developed for many years, and the use of some expressions can only refer to letters of credit and their types. It is essential for all parties of a transaction to know and understand the implication of these concepts and terms. There is an attempt to unite the terms and their interpretation, which relate to documentary letters of credit, into groups based on their common features. The authors offer to expand the list of official terms by adding the concepts that are rarely available in official documents but have widespread practical applications, and to provide their interpretation. The article concludes that there is a number of terms, which are commonly used in Russian practice and require explanation while settling international payments.


A fiscal mechanism to ensure investment appeal of the fishing industry

Mnatsakanyan G.M. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( rektor64@mail.ru )

Mishurovskaya E.A. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( alena_mi@inbox.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #48, 2015

Importance The article considers the issue of improving the institutional capital adequacy regulation. The increased focus of the banking community all over the world on the problem is caused by the lack of universal approach to determine the minimum institutional capital requirements for banks, which would be equally applicable to the national banking system of each individual country.
     Objectives The main objective of the study is to develop a package of measures to improve the domestic approach to regulation and assessment of institutional capital adequacy of banks in particular, and the banking regulation and supervision of the Russian Federation in general.
     Methods The study draws upon theoretical knowledge and logical methods, and the comparative analysis.
     Results We developed proposals to introduce a differentiated approach to regulation and assessment of the static component of banks’ capital adequacy in the Russian banking sector. The approach includes a system of bank ranking by categories based on Tire I capital; establishing requirements and obligations for each category; classification of territorial entities distinguishing five levels of provision of the territorial entities with banking services; amendments to procedures for branch office opening by banks.
     Conclusions If implemented, the proposed set of measures will substantially improve banking regulation and supervision in Russia.


Setting up an organizational and economic mechanism for corporate competitiveness management in meat processing within the unstable external environment

Mnatsakanyan A.G. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( mag@klgtu.ru )

Korotkaya M.V. Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation ( mariya.korotkaya@klgtu.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #8, 2017

Importance The article describes the mechanism for managing the competitiveness of the industry. The mechanism embraces principal steps of studying and working out the competitiveness.
Objectives The research pursues setting up an organizational and economic mechanism for managing the competitiveness of the meat processing industry assuming the unstable external environment.
Methods We review the algorithm for evaluating the competitiveness of the meat processing industry in the Kaliningrad oblast. We examine the current position of the industry, point out some industrial indicators of the industry economics that allow to quantify the competitiveness of the meat processing industry. Upon the evaluation, we assess a combined (integral) competitiveness index that helps analyze how the competitiveness evolves.
Results The article presents our method for evaluating the competitiveness of the industry. It is based on the combined competitiveness index including the amount of weighted specific indicators. Analyzing the combined index trends, we conclude the competitiveness is changing in the industry. The findings allow evaluating socio-economic effects on the Kaliningrad oblast.
Conclusions and Relevance We found strengths of the industrial competitiveness evaluation method we propose. It offers the versatile applicability, simple assessment, high reliability of source data and, subsequently, results. The proposed model can be used to evaluate how activities of the industrial competitiveness creation program are implemented as part of the program monitoring.


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