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Adaptation of foreign experience of the tourism industry development as a growth driver of the national economy

Bolodurina M.P. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( bolodurina@inbox.ru )

Mishurova A.I. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( stu.ru_5032@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2018

Importance A competitive tourism product can be created for the world market, if public authorities and private structures take a comprehensive approach to developing the tourism industry, which allows to systemically influence certain components of tourism, and promote the domestic product in the international market.
Objectives The research systematizes foreign experience in developing the State policy for tourism and traveling. We analyze international practices of initiating the investment and entrepreneurial activity in the tourism sector and positioning of the tourism industry as the national economy growth driver.
Methods In this research we examine international competencies in implementing administrative practices aimed to develop economic modernization projects. We use the general scientific methods of research, such as a system-structural method, scientific abstraction, analysis and synthesis, comparative analysis.
Results We determine areas where investment in the tourism industry of the Russian Federation is generated. We carry out a comparative analysis of the way measures of the State policy for tourism and traveling are implemented in Russia and Spain. The research identifies international tools for encouraging the investment and entrepreneurial activities and possibilities of their adaptation to the Russian economy.
Conclusion and Relevance To generate investment in tourism, it is necessary to identify the cause-effect relationships between the business environment of territories and investment activity of economic entities. When developing the Russian economy modernization programs, international tourism leaders’ experience shall be considered, with tools for stimulating the investment and entrepreneurial activity being adapted to domestic realities.


Analysis of criteria for evaluating the efficiency of foreign direct investment

Bolodurina M.P. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( bolodurina@inbox.ru )

Mishurova A.I. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( www.stu.ru_5032@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #8, 2017

Importance The specifics of socio-economic and political systems, civilizational strategy of development determines the investment attractiveness of Russia from the foreign investor's perspectives. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the criteria used to carry out a multivariate evaluation whether foreign direct investment are efficiently attracted, and how these criteria can be interpreted.
Objectives We identify what specifics can be found in initiating foreign direct investment in the Russian economy. We outline and test the technique for a comprehensive analysis
of the efficiency of foreign direct investment at the macroeconomic level.
Methods The research examines basic and applied proceedings of foreign and Russian authors on techniques for evaluating the investment efficiency. The research draws upon such methods as comparison, logic analysis, analysis of monographs, structural and trend analysis, and analysis and synthesis in mathematical statistics.
Results The proposed toolkit for multivariate evaluation of the foreign direct investment efficiency can not only become the basis for economic agents to evaluate the investment attractiveness of the Russian Federation and make decisions, but also can be used for monitoring of the investment environment.
Conclusions and Relevance We trace the trade-off between foreign investment raised and some macroeconomic indicators describing the foreign trade and the economic situation in the Russian Federation. The research proves the applicability of the technique for a comprehensive analysis of the foreign direct investment efficiency evaluation to determine distinctive traits in initiating the influx of foreign capital. Having tested the model, we found out how the investment attractiveness of economic sectors change from perspectives of foreign investors.


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