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State Regulation of Foreign Trade Activities. Composition of the System's Functional Tasks

Oleinik S.P. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( 0111959sp@mail.ru )

Matyna L.I. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dci@miee.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2017

Subject The article addresses the organization and operation of the modern system of State regulation of foreign trade activities.
Objectives The study aims to identify the essence, characteristics and specifics of State regulation of foreign trade activities.
Methods We review relevant literature on the analysis of external trade function. The study rests on systems approach, synthesis and generalization, logical analysis, and management theory elements.
Results We describe the process of State regulation of foreign trade from the conceptual, structural and functional perspective. We show that regulation is implemented through norm-setting, control measures and legal liability being imperative conditions for foreign trade operations. The administrative type of relationships, which forms the legal basis of the system, predetermines a number of fundamental characteristics of its functioning, including negative ones that reduce the efficiency of the regulatory process.
Conclusions and Relevance To ensure efficient operation of the system, which is based on the conflict of interests of the State regulator and participants of foreign economic activities, it is important to have adequate legal framework and limit the role of the infrastructure of control that distorts the results of the regulation.


A Generalized functional model of State regulation of foreign trade as a multiparameter nonlinear adaptive control system

Oleinik S.P. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( 0111959sp@mail.ru )

Matyna L.I. National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russian Federation ( dci@miee.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #10, 2017

Importance The article addresses a functional model of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities as a formalized management process.
Objectives The aim is to reveal the specifics of arrangement and operation of the modern system of State regulation of foreign trade activities through developing a generalized functional model that reflects the system's structure, the nature of its relations, and characteristic aspects of the regulatory process.
Methods The input data of the study include literature on the analysis of certain aspects of foreign trade function. The study employs systems approach, synthesis, logical analysis, elements of management theories, and automatic control.
Results We offer a generalized functional model of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities and analyze its processes. We found that State regulation is a multiparameter nonlinear adaptive system with case-related control, and show that the system's adaptivity is of level nature. The most significant factor in determining the quality of regulation is the regulator's relations with the arrangement of control, which, unlike technical systems, is other than a hardware component.
Conclusions and Relevance To improve the quality and reliability of the system of State regulation of foreign trade activities, it is important to correlate the parameters of setting actions with the capabilities of foreign trade activity participant.


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