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Theoretical and practical aspects of public investment financing: Source, forms, mechanisms, tools

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #6, 2018

Importance The paper considers the problem of practical search of investment sources and a deeper understanding of the theory of investment financing, including state funding.
Objectives The article aims to clarify the definitions of source, forms, mechanisms and instruments of public investment financing; to suggest a logically justified classification of these forms.
Methods The work uses empirical and logical constructions, analysis and synthesis, generalization, system approach and methods of comparative analysis.
Results The authors eliminate the ambiguity in the interpretation of the terms of investment financing. The investigation gives clear definitions of the terms and classifies the forms, mechanisms and instruments of finance investment.
Conclusions and Relevance Currently, there is no definition unity of the most important terms related to the investment financing in the scientific literature and practice. The authors` approach makes it possible to build scientifically based classifications, taking into account the modern regulatory framework and financing practice. The results can serve as a basis for further research in the field of investment financing and are of interest to researchers, undergraduates and graduate students.


Financial components of the investment process in the regions: Essence and evaluation

Edronova V.N. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( v.n.edronova@mail.ru )

Maslakova D.O. National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation ( mas-dariy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #4, 2018

Importance The paper considers the financial relations in the investment process and its impact on investment processes in the regions of Russia.
Objectives We aim to determine the dynamics and indicators of regional investment process and reveal the correlation of these components in the Russian Federation.
Methods For the study, we used the scientific methods, including analysis and synthesis, modeling, correlation, and regression. The indicators characterizing investment processes and the level of economic development in the subjects of the Russian Federation for the period of 2011–2015 are the empirical basis of the study.
Results The paper specifies the definition of financial components of the investment activity of the region. It estimates the financial components of regional investment processes and detects their connection in different regions of the Russian Federation.
Conclusions and Relevance There is a significant differentiation of districts by level of investment per capita, and there is a slowdown in the rate of growth of investment per capita. The economic effect of investments is manifested only in some federal districts, the influence of investments on regional product is weak. The results of the research are intended for students, undergraduates and post-graduate students of economic specialties. They can be used by teachers in educational process. They also can are of interest for experts in the field of investment activities of public administration bodies.


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