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Functions of public and municipal finance and the update of financial instruments in modern conditions

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Skobeleva I.P. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( SkobelevaIP@gumrf.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #1, 2018

Importance This article identifies problems in the modern practice of realization of functions of public and municipal finances. It considers the U.S. experience in implementation of the re-distributive function of finance and organization of the developed system of social assistance to the population.
Objectives The article aims to assess the performance of the main functions of public and municipal finance in the Russian Federation in modern conditions and compare this with the performance of functions based on the Anglo-Saxon model.
Methods The research relies upon the systems approach as well as the abstraction and logical, and comparative analyses.
Results The work provides certain results of assessment of the effectiveness of public and municipal finance functions. It also helps choose the tools that influence the living standard of the population.
Conclusions The article draws a conclusion about objectivity and permanence of public and municipal finance functions, on the one hand, and dependence of a choice of financial policy instruments on preferences of the business elite, on the other hand.


Modern trends in strategic budget planning: a regional context

Malinovskaia O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #20, 2014

The article considers the problems connected with a need of development of long-term budgetary strategy. The authors reveal negative features of medium-term budget planning (a Russian Federation subject's budget case study) and substantiate the advantages of long-term forecasting.


Foresight as strategic planning and management technology

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Skobeleva I.P. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #4, 2014

The article presents the characteristics of the fundamental concepts of foresight on the basis of analysis of the category and its components. The authors identify the stages of foresight development, classify its types and describe its role as a strategic development technology. The authors also discuss the fundamental concepts of foresight in Russia and its specifics.


Foresight as strategic planning and management technology

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Skobeleva I.P. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #32, 2014

The article presents the characteristics of the fundamental concepts of foresight on the basis of the analysis of the category and its components. The authors identify the stages of foresight development, give the classification of its types, and describe its role as a strategic development technology. The authors also discuss the fundamental concepts of foresight in Russia and its specifics.


Harmonization of innovative systems development as a factor of improving knowledge management system

Makarov A.M. doctor of economic science, professor of chair management of social and economic systems, Udmurt state university ( makarov@uni.udm.ru )

Khramov E.N. graduate student of Institute of Economics and Management, Udmurt state university ( evgenykhramov86@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #36, 2010

The problem of the harmonization of structure and functions of regional innovation systems little is studied in the contemporary science. Is developed model and is carried out the estimation of the balance of the innovation system of Udmurt Republic, are revealed problems in its development, the corresponding recommendations and directions for further study are given.


Basis of formation program budgeting in Russia

Malinovskaya O.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor, the Department of Finance and Credit, the State University of Maritime and River Fleet named after Admiral S.O. Makarov ( ifinansy@yndex.ru )

Skobeleva I.P. Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department of Finance and Credit, the State University of Maritime and River Fleet named after Admiral S.O. Makarov ( ifinansy@yndex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #35, 2013

In the article foreign and Russian process of formation of program budgeting and formation of the program budget as instrument of increase of transparency and efficiency of the state management is presented. Legislative and standard basics of development of these processes and a basis of creation of the program budget are considered.


Infrastructure bonds - innovative financing instrument of public-private partnerships on transport

Malinovskaya O.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor of Department "Finance and Credit", the State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping named after Admiral S.O. Makarov, St. Petersburg ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Senior Lecturer of Department "Finance and Credit", the State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping named after Admiral S.O. Makarov, St. Petersburg ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #11, 2013

In the article the right field of infrastructure bonds in Russia is disclosed, including on transport, the necessity of development is proved and specific features and the possibility of using infrastructure bonds are identified. The article also analyzes existing today false-infrastructure bonds issued by JSC "Russian Railways".


Discounted cash flow rate of investment projects under the Federal targeted investment program for transport complex

Malinovskaia O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Sapko E.A. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ursap@yandex.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #24, 2014

The article deals with the issues of measurement of investment risks of the public sector projects, which financing comes from the funds of the Federal targeted investment program and is aimed at the development of investments in the Russian transport complex. The authors substantiate the use of the risk-free equivalent method as the most common for public sector and provide its model.


The institutional mechanism of investment in transport infrastructure in St. Petersburg

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #21, 2015

Importance The article identifies the key problems of development of the investment activities at the regional level in the area of transport infrastructure.
     Objectives The paper's purpose is to substantiate and classify institutional factors affecting the investment climate in the region.
     Methods For research, we use logical, cause-effect, comparison, system analyses, as well as the method of ordering.
     Results We reviewed and analyzed the research works on problems of development of investment activities at the regional level. On the basis of macroeconomic analysis of regional and federal investment programs, we described the development policy of investment projects that require the formation and development of institutional factors. In modern times, they are the basis of State investment policy and strategy in the transport sector in the region.
     Conclusions We conclude that the arrival of conservative institutional investors is largely based on the competitiveness potential of the region formed by a favorable investment climate dependent on institutional factors.


The discount rate on cash flows from investment projects in the transportation sector: theoretical fundamentals and evaluation

Malinovskaya O.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation ( ifinansy@yandex.ru )

Sapko E.A. Azov-Black Sea Basin Branch, Federal State Unitary Enterprise Rosmorport, Novorossiysk, Russian Federation ( ursap@yandex.ru )

Brovkina A.V. Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation ( brovkinaav@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #2, 2016

Importance The article identifies challenging areas of investment project studies in the transport infrastructure sector.
     Objectives The research devises and tests methods for evaluating the discount rate on cash flows from investment projects in the transportation sector, which alleviates contradictions between business and the State.
     Results In theory, the discount rate on cash flows can be a risk and profit metric. The specifics of the State and business interests are critically important, since the State seeks to understate the discount rate, meanwhile business strives to maximize it. In these circumstances it is reasonable to assess the public and private discount rate.
     Conclusions and Relevance The rate is assessed with two methods, i.e. the market (unbiased) and subjective one. We substantiate the methods, considering the high uncertainty in the contemporary practice of investment. The market evaluation model pursues increasing the reliability and reasonableness of the rate.


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