SEARCH
 

Search

 

Результаты поиска 1 - 6 из 6
Начало | Пред. | 1 | След. | Конец


Foreign experience in the implementation of structural policies

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #2, 2016

Importance The article studies the problem of realization of structural reforms in foreign countries.
Objectives The paper aims to identify the best foreign practices to implement structural policies.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis.
Results We identified factors and conditions for successful implementation of structural reform.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that it is advisable to use the program approach for successful implementation of structural policies. We recommend to structure reform packages in the areas of labor market, human capital development, resources relocation, governance, as well as use tax (indirect) encouragement of small and medium-sized enterprises.


Methods of evaluation of the impact of structural policies on the macroeconomic parameters: Regression models and a partial equilibrium model

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #11, 2016

Importance The article discusses the methods of assessing the relationship between structural policy and economic growth; it shows the peculiarities of different methods and assesses their ability to uncover the nature of the impact of structural reforms on macroeconomic indicators.
Objectives The article aims to disclose the methodological peculiarities of approaches to the assessment of the relationship of structural policy and economic growth, and the opportunities arising for the practical application.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis of research approaches.
Results We reveal the features, advantages and disadvantages of regression and partial equilibrium models used to assess the impact of structural change, the impact of structural reforms on macroeconomic variables.
Conclusions We conclude that Single Equation Models are the most common approach to the assessment of structural change. Partial Equilibrium Models are an important tool for evaluating the effectiveness of structural reforms in certain sectors and areas.


A comparative assessment of the economic development of regions: Methodological issues

Krinichanskii K.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #10, 2017

Importance The paper develops methodological issues of comparative assessment of the economic development of such objects of analysis as countries and sub-national regions.
Objectives The paper aims to develop a method to select regions for their comparative analysis. The study focuses on identifying the idiosyncratic features of a particular region, setting all general matters aside.
Methods We propose a multi-step approach to achieving the desired goal. To do this, we used a non-hierarchical method of cluster analysis (k-means method) and the comparative analysis.
Results The region selection procedures for comparative analysis make it possible to identify a group of seven regions competing for markets and resources with the model region, namely, the Chelyabinsk oblast. As a result of the analysis, it was found that export growth and reduced relative dependence on government spending were the oblast's strengths between 1999 and 2015. Investment activity sufficiently lower in comparison with the immediate competitors' one and the quality of higher education were the weaknesses of the oblast.


Assessing the priorities of regions' structural policies using the values of Barro-regression parameters

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #7, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of economic growth at the regional level discussing Russia's economic development model change.
Objectives The article aims to identify the drivers of economic growth at the regional level.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis of retrospective elasticity coefficients in regression models, research methods, econometric methods related to the construction and evaluation of cross-section regression model parameters, and fixed effects models for panel data analysis.
Results The article identifies a significant impact of individual variables of employment, education, public health, R&D, and small business variables on Gross Regional Product.
Conclusions At the present time, Russia needs certain structural reforms to achieve higher levels of regional and national economic growth, compared with the consensus forecast. The use of the estimates obtained makes choosing of priority areas and directions of such change more accurate. The identification of priority areas and directions for economic development will enable the Russian regions to make more effective use of domestic sources of economic growth.


Factors of economic development of cities in the region

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Bezrukov A.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( regus2011@mail.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #28, 2015

Importance The article presents the results of the analysis of conditions and factors of urban development of the region.
     Objectives
The goal of the study is to score the dependence of gross municipal product of cities on variables such as the municipal budget cost on education and health, the number of persons engaged in small business, investment in fixed assets. As well, the paper provides interpretation of grades and recommendations on policy.
     Methods For research, we used statistical and econometric methods. The database is generated from a sample of the cities of the Chelyabinsk region. To select an adequate model of analysis, we applied specific tests of the structural characteristics of the models.
     Results We identified a significant positive relationship between per capita gross municipal product and variables of budget expenditures on education and health care and investments in fixed assets, as well as differences in the values of coefficients for the variables to most major cities in comparison to other cities.
     Conclusions and Relevance We draw a conclusion that the cities of the region not included in the group of the largest ones, are strongly influenced by the perspective of social spending. We proved that for the long-term growth, a strategy of transition to a different growth model, in which the major role is played by investment, predominantly private, is absolutely necessary. In addition, we prove that small business plays an insufficiently expressed role in the economic development of the region, and the actual employment in it is poorly considered.


Methods of evaluation of the impact of structural policy on macroeconomic parameters: General equilibrium models

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #9, 2016

Importance The article discusses the methods of assessing the relationship of structural policy and economic growth. It reflects the peculiarities of different methods and assesses the methods' ability to uncover the nature of the impact of structural reforms on macroeconomic performance indicators.
Objectives The article aims to reveal the methodological peculiarities of approaches to the assessment of the relationship of structural policy and economic growth, and assess the possibility of their practical application.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis of research approaches.
Results The paper discloses the features, advantages and disadvantages of Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) and Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) models in terms of their application to evaluate the impact of structural change, the impact of structural policies on national measures.
Conclusions CGE models have significant advantages, like comprehensiveness, internal consistency, universality, but at the same time they have weaknesses arising from their neoclassical assumptions, the method of comparative statics used, and the inability to use empirically reliable elasticities, etc. DSGE models are the most advanced tools that can reflect the structural change affecting the various markets simultaneously. Their advantages are similar to the advantages of CGE models. In addition, they benefit from the inclusion of agents' expectations that protects this type of models from the Lucas critique. However, the microeconomic foundation this type of models based on do not guarantee the uniqueness and stability of the equilibrium, that leads to difficulties in modeling the system's response to structural changes.


Результаты поиска 1 - 6 из 6
Начало | Пред. | 1 | След. | Конец


Отсортировано по релевантности | Сортировать по дате