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Prospects of the effective use and preservation of helium deposits in Eastern Siberia

Larionov A.V. Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North of Siberian Branch of RAS, Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( sasha.larionov@gmail.com )

Pavlov N.V. Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North of Siberian Branch of RAS, Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( pavlov_nv@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #6, 2017

Importance The construction of the Power of Siberia gas trunkline is a strong driver for exploring unique helium deposits in Eastern Siberia. In this respect, it is especially reasonable to consider issues of the effective use and preservation of helium.
Objectives The research revises issues relating to the effective use and preservation of helium deposits in the area where the oil and gas center of Eastern Siberia and the Sakha Republic is being formed, considering the current situation in the global economy, S&T progress and strategic solutions in the gas industry of the Russian Federation.
Methods The research draws upon a comparative analysis of the option proposed in this article and the existing one. The research is based on general scientific methods.
Results We analyze the future demand for helium in the market, devise the scheme for the helium storage process. This scheme envisages the formation of the unified central operator and provides for activities that allow to use and preserve the strategic product as much as possible.
Conclusions and Relevance Helium extraction, sale and storage should be evaluated in terms of its cost effectiveness only. In the decision-making process, the general cost effectiveness in the long run should be a priority. The proposed scheme requires the State, oil producers, carriers, financial institutions and science to consolidate their efforts. The findings can be used as recommendations for willing enterprises and executive authorities for the scientific framework of investment projects.


Score a multiplicative effect of the project on the economy of the region and the country as a whole (a Yakutia Gas Production Centre case study)

Larionov A.V. Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of North, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( sasha.larionov@gmail.com )

Pavlov N.V. Larionov Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of North, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( pavlov_nv@iptpn.ysn.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #15, 2015

Subject The article considers the approach to the analysis of macroeconomic effects from the project on creation of the Yakutia Gas Production Centre.
     Objectives We aimed to provide a quantitative evaluation of the multiplier effect of realization of the investment project on creation of the Yakutia Gas Production Centre on the economy of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic and the country, as a whole.
     Methods To quantify the multiplier effect, we used a mathematical model. The main concept of this model is that the initial impetus to increase production, concentrated in a particular industry, has an impact on related industries, generating additional income in the form of wages, taxes and profit.
     Results We have evaluated the multiplier effect, occurring in the economy of the region and the country, as a whole, with the realization of the investment project on creation of the Yakutia Gas Production Centre. The calculations show that every ruble invested in the project makes RUB 3.22 of gross output and RUB 1.18 of the gross domestic product. The greatest impetus to development is with the construction industry (22% of total multiplier effect), metallurgy (10%) and transport (8%). The total multiplier effect of the project is estimated at RUB 13.5 trillion.
     Conclusions and Relevance The research has shown that evaluation of the multiplier effect on related industries of a large investment project can be used as one of the indicators of interaction of regions. With a limited set of basic data on a project and state of the economy of individual regions, one can evaluate the involvement of enterprises located in different territories, when implementing a specific investment project.


Energy efficiency in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic

Ivanova A.E. V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( aeiva@mail.ru )

Pavlov N.V. V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( pavlov_nv@iptpn.ysn.ru )

Petrova T.N. V.P. Larionov's Institute of Physical-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch of RAS, (IPTPN SB RAS), Yakutsk, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russian Federation ( tn_petrova_s@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #11, 2017

Subject The article deals with the issues of resource energy efficiency in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.
Objectives The article aims to assess energy efficiency indicators for the economy of the Republic and determine the qualitative impact of the use of fuel and energy resources in Yakutia.
Methods To produce a consolidated fuel and energy balance, we used a balance method based on the bottoms-up induction technique.
Results The article reveals a general trend in the production and consumption of fuel and energy resources in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. It defines the energy efficiency ratios of final consumption and conversion. The article also shows the developed system of energy efficiency indicators for the economy and the main problems and directions for improving the supply-demand balance.
Conclusions and Relevance The analysis of the reporting energy balance shows a low level of energy efficiency in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic's economy, as evidenced by the decline in the energy utilization rating. Technological modernization of the entire Republic's energy system is required. The results of the energy efficiency evaluation of fuel and energy resources use for the period of 2010 to 2015 can be applied in the development of a fuel and energy industry strategy, as well as forecasting the production and consumption of fuel and energy resources and energy efficiency of both energy facilities and the economy as a whole.


Infrastructure ecologically oriented investment market

Larionov A.I. graduate student of chair “Information systems”, Orel State Technical University ( skauskas@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #28, 2011

This article deals with the problem of creation and development of infrastructure of ecologically oriented investment market. This infrastructure is necessary for reliable correlation of enterprises and investment sources. The aim of creation is introducing complex regional programs handing with production and consumption waste.


Methods for risk management architecture in payment systems

Masino M.N. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( mstislavm@gmail.com )

Larionov A.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alarionov@hse.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #31, 2017

Subject The article addresses issues of integrated risk management system organization within payment systems.
Objectives The purpose is to develop a methodology for creating an efficient risk management in payment systems. The research continues a series of articles on the subject.
Methods Using the national risk management standards, we analyzed and adapted risk management procedures to payment systems specifics based on allocation of powers and duties for risk management among payment system's entities.
Results We offer a methodology for creating an integrated system of risk management in payment systems that meets the requirements of relevant national laws and regulations, international standards on infrastructure organizations of the financial market, and national standards on risk management.
Conclusions The methodology is aimed at building a risk management system regardless of design, availability of additional services, and organizational component of the payment system.


Insurance as a tool to reduce the risks of payment systems

Larionov A.V. National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alarionov@hse.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #7, 2018

Subject This article deals with the insurance mechanism of payment system components.
Objectives The article aims to determine the peculiarities of insurance of the payment system and payment infrastructure operators.
Methods The research applies an econometric estimation to analyze the payment system functioning. It also constructs a binary logistic regression to determine the requirements for the payment system components insurance. The work uses ISO31000 international standards and the regulations in the field of payment systems.
Results Insurance companies can establish requirements for the insured components of the payment system in terms of operations within the payment system. Moreover, insurance companies can put forward demands to ensure the continuous operation of the payment system.
Conclusions and Relevance Insurance can be an alternative to the application of the mechanism of impact on the achieved level of risk. This increases the stability of the payment system and increases its attractiveness to the participants. The research results can be used by the Bank of Russia in terms of formalizing the requirements for the functioning of payment system components.


The role of the Bank of Russia in risk management of insurance companies

Larionov A.V. National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alarionov@hse.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #3, 2018

Subject The article investigates the reasons for license withdrawal from Russian insurance companies.
Objectives The study aims to highlight major factors impacting the stability of insurance companies in Russia and consider opportunities of the Bank of Russia to influence the insurance market development.
Methods The Russian regulatory and legal framework for insurance market regulation and supervision served as a source of analysis. Initial computation involved binary and linear regressions.
Results The study reveals focal points of the Bank of Russia policy for insurance market development. I analyze major determinants of insurance companies' success. The study confirms the assumption that insurance companies in Russia are mostly affected by risks associated with insurance, rather than investing activities. However, in the event of investment potential development, this source of risk is also significant enough.
Conclusions The Bank of Russia needs to monitor the activities of insurance companies. It is necessary to build a model to predict violations of financial stability of insurance companies and pre-emptively identify and support the most vulnerable insurance companies.


Liquidity pool as a way to manage liquidity risk in payment systems

Masino M.N. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( mstislavm@gmail.com )

Larionov A.V. National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( alarionov@hse.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2018

Importance This paper discusses the issues of liquidity pool applying as a way to manage the liquidity risk in payment systems.
Objectives The study aims to develop an approach to the systemic description of the risk management (RM) practice in payment systems, as well as its testing through a liquidity pool.
Methods For the study, we used the international and domestic standards in the field of risk management. The existing practice of using this risk management method in TARGET 2 was used to describe the aspects of the liquidity pool application.
Results When considering the liquidity pool application peculiarities, we formed and now present an algorithm of choice of risk management practice in the payment system, which is universal and can be applied to choose some other risk management methods.
Conclusions and Relevance The liquidity pool is an effective tool to reduce the risk of liquidity in the payment system and to increase the attractiveness of the payment system to potential participants. The presented description of the RM practice through liquidity pool can be the basis of the national standard on introduction of risk-management system in Russian payment systems. The discussed RM practice should be considered as an appendix to a part of the description of application of risk-management process in the payment system.


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