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Problems of youth employment and unemployment in the Tyva Republic

Kylgydai A.Ch. Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #17, 2014

The article studies the labor market problems of the region, namely the youth employment and unemployment. The features of the young people's age groups differing by involvement in work activities are the subject of the article.


Questions of political-legal transboundary cooperation on an area of the Tuva republic -Mongolia Russian state frontier

Oidup T.M. the Candidate of Sociology, leading scientific employee of Regional Economy Laboratory of Tuvinian Institute for the Exploration of Natural Resources of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( tana_o@mail.ru )

Kylgydai A.Ch. junior scientific employee of Regional Economy Laboratory of Tuvinian Institute for the Exploration of Natural Resources of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #29, 2011

The article is devoted to the analysis of political-legal problems on an area of the Tuva Republic-Mongolia Russian state frontier on the basis of generalization of results of sociological poll of the population of frontier areas of Tuva and citizens of Mongolia. Features of perception of the status of border by the Tuvinian and Mongolian respondents, their attitude to the system of passage of the frontier-customs control, and also the questions of transboundary criminality are revealed. The conclusion relating to the protection of interests of the Russian citizens should remain a priority mission for the Russian law-enforcement security services under the conditions of extending interstate connections is drawn.


Assessment of labor market tension in the regions

Kylgydai A.Ch. Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2018

Importance This article outlines and analyzes the state and conditions of the labor market in the Siberian Federal District regions.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the current state of the labor market in the regions of the Siberian Federal District and using the labor market tension indicators, define tension-free, low-, medium-, and high-tension rate regions.
Methods For the study, I used the methods of comparative analysis.
Results The article shows the results of assessment of the unemployment rate and general situation on the labor market of the Siberian Federal District regions. It distinguishes and describes four groups of regions of the District of different nature of labor market tension. The classification made it possible to determine the positions of the Siberian Federal District regions.
Conclusions None of the Siberian Federal District regions is included in the tension-free group by degree of labor market tension.


Features of the employment behavior of the Tyva Republic population

Kylgydai A.Ch. Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Oidup T.M. Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources of Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( tana_o@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #43, 2015

Importance The paper studies the issues of employment of the Tyva Republic population.
     Objectives The paper aims to identify the employment behavior features of the population in the region and identify the most favorite ways of finding and getting a job.
     Methods We used materials of the sociological research, conducted within the framework of project No. 14-12-17001 of the Russian Foundation for Humanities. A questionnaire survey was the method of information collection applied.
     Results On the basis of sociological research methods, we analyzed various aspects of the employment behavior in the labor market of the region, the most popular ways of finding work, specified the attractive working areas in various sectors of the economy. We examined what conditions are considered by respondents as the most important for finding and getting a job.
     Conclusions The most preferred behavior models in the labor market of the Tyva Republic and employment methods indicate, that neither independent work-search alternatives newly appeared, nor good training, are able to compete with informal relationships.


Cross-border cooperation of the regions of Siberia and Mongolia

Kylgydai A.Ch. Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Kyzyl, Republic of Tyva, Russian Federation ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Oidup T.M. Tuvinian Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Kyzyl, Republic of Tyva, Russian Federation ( tana_o@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance The article overviews the cross-border cooperation of the regions of Siberia and Mongolia, and the regions situated on the Russian-Mongolian border in particular.
Objectives The research analyzes the location of each border region in particular, determines the level of cooperation between two parties. We also evaluate how actively local authorities use resource associated with border location, and what are real reasons that border activities are so weak.
Methods The research represents a comparative analysis of cooperation between the regions of Siberia and Mongolia.
Results We identified which border regions were mostly involved into cross-border cooperation, and what role the quantity of border crossing points played, especially their status. To expand cross-border cooperation, it is necessary to increase a network of border crossing points, make them internationally significant, rather than bilateral, and modernize the border infrastructure.
Conclusions and Relevance The economic effect of cross-border cooperation implies the expansion of the distribution market for one part, and availability of cheaper goods and services for the other. It is worth mentioning that any positive administrative efforts may stall and have zero effect if there is no good border infrastructure. The findings will be helpful for all parties who are involved in the expansion and deepening of cross-border cooperation.


Investigating the labor market specifics in the region with low rate of urbanization

Balakina G.F. Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( balakina.gal@yandex.ru )

Kylgydai A.Ch. Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of RAS, Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation ( aikys_k@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #35, 2015

Importance Transformations and crisis phenomena in the Russian society significantly increased unemployment. It is crucial to search for scientifically based ways out of the today's difficult situation in the regional labor markets, including the Tyva Republic, identify reserves for development, and develop new strategic approaches and regulatory actions that would be adequate to modern socio-economic transformations.
     Objectives The study aims to determine the areas of labor markets regulation in regions with low rate of urbanization, identify factors influencing the condition and development of the labor market of the Tyva Republic, and substantiate recommendations to overcome the existing problems.
     Methods In the study, we used a method of systems analysis, statistical analysis, comparison and generalization, and methods of social research, i.e. surveys and expert assessments.
     Results Based on the consideration of scenarios of the Tyva Republic development, we performed the prediction calculations of the region's population from 2015 to 2025, and worked out recommendations for overcoming the existing problems in the labor market of the Tyva Republic.
     Conclusions The labor market in the Tyva Republic like all poorly urbanized areas is characterized by high level of unemployment and a significant demand for skilled workers in technologically sophisticated industries. High level of unemployment has the worst impact on rural residents and youth, therefore, it is crucial to concentrate financial resources on using special tools to regulate socio-economic development of poorly urbanized regions, i.e. formation of innovative clusters, special economic zones, tourism development, and support to young entrepreneurs.


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