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The problems of finance-budget planning for 2011 and planning period: legal aspects

Kudryashova E.V. associate professor, docent of Financial law department, Finance University under the Government of Russian Federation ( ev_kudryashova@inbox.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #4, 2011

In the article urgent problems of finance-budget planning in Russian Federation are discussed. The author analyses the situation around the project of budget for 2011 and planning period from the point of view of budget legislation and in the context of recent studies in financial law field.


The international experience of procedures of bankruptcy and external finance administration concerning regions and municipalities

Kudryashova E.V. the candidate of the juridical sciences, docent of Financial law department, Financial university at the Government of the Russian Federation ( ev_kudryashova@inbox.ru )

Hvastunova K.A. the student of faculty «The finance and the credit», Financial university at the Government of the Russian Federation ( hvastunchik@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #19, 2011

In article the international experience of procedures of bankruptcy and an external finance administration concerning regions and municipalities is considered. Authors come to a conclusion that in constitutions and the legislation of the majority of democratic federative states and some unitary states the norms fixing an order and conditions of federal and municipal intervention in various forms.


Budget discipline in the countries-members of the European Union

Kudryashovа E.V. PhD, Associate Professor of Financial Law, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation ( ev_kudryashova@inbox.ru )

Alimkina I.E. Student of the Faculty of Finance and Credit, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation ( antigonushka@gmail.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #4, 2011

The article is devoted to the recent developments in the EU-countries in the field of public finance - measures to reinforce budget discipline. European Union tends to take new tough measures to control budget discipline. On the basis of the analysis of EU experience it is contended in the article that the notion of budget discipline could be useful for stabilization of financial situation in Russia.


Formation of preconditions of increase of international status of Russian ruble: results for 10 years

Kudryashova I.V. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, the Department of World and Regional Economy, the Volgograd State University ( inna.kudrjaschowa@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #44, 2013

In the article the main results of process of formation of preconditions for internationalization of monetary functions of Russian ruble in 2003-2012 are considered. On the basis of the comparative analysis of dynamics of purchasing power and a course of national currencies, volume and structure of the international reserves, depth of the financial markets in Russia and in the countries emitting world currencies, the conclusion is drawn that the reached results for the present allow to raise considerably the international status of monetary unit of the Russian Federation.


Using integral indicators of small business development as factor in increasing the effectiveness of state support of entrepreneurship in Russia

Pleshakova M.V. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of International Economy and Management, the Kuban State University ( pmv23@list.ru )

Kudryashova I.V. PhD in Economic), Associate Professor of the Department of International and Regional Economy, the Volgograd State University ( innavladl@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #45, 2013

In this article issues related to performance of state support of small business and the formation of a favorable business environment are discussed. The basic approaches of using the system of integrated indicators are showed. It allows forehanded control and adjustment of goals and objectives of public policy at developing the small business.


Foreign direct investments as factor of Volgograd region economy development

Kudryashova I.V. PhD in Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, the Department of International and Regional Economy, the Volgograd State University ( innavladl@yandex.ru )

Kot A.A. Student, the Institute of World Economy and Finance, the Volgograd State University ( alinakot4812@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #21, 2013

Foreign direct investments (FDI) as one of the most effective forms of foreign capital implementation in national economy are unevenly distributed along the Russian Federation territory and influence its regions' development in different degrees. In the article it is concluded that on the basis of the analysis of FDI role in the Volgograd region economy consists in disproportion between FDI extent and direction to existing regional needs and in the necessity of improvement of federal and regional measures aiming to support and stimulate collaboration with foreign investors.


Modern world currencies: The role in the formal sector

Kudryashova I.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( KudryashovaIV@volsu.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #1, 2018

Importance The article analyzes the issues of actual use of the US dollar, euro, pound sterling, Japanese yen and Chinese yuan by non-residents.
Objectives The paper aims to compare the demand forming factors of the monetary authorities of countries and regions for world currencies with the volume of use in the public sector. Also, the paper aims to determine the diversification prospects of the currency transaction structure of central banks.
Methods The research uses the historical method, synthesis, comparative analysis, tabular and graphic methods, absolute and relative indices technique.
Results Today's determinants of international demand for world currencies provide the monetary authorities of individual countries and regions with the possibility of wider use of the euro and yuan in their operations. However, the US dollar remains the only currency fulfilling all the functions of the world money.
Conclusions The increase in the euro and yuan transactions in the public sector is hampered by the relatively low liquidity of the financial market of the euro zone, the lack of full convertibility of the Chinese national currency. In the event of overcoming these difficulties, diversification of the currency structure of central bank operations is possible in the long-term, based on changes in external network effects.


A role of organizational and institutional conditions in forming the contemporary global currencies

Kudryashova I.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( inna.kudrjaschowa@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #40, 2015

Importance As the article shows, the percentage of US dollar, euro, British pound, and yen has declined in the currency structure of reserve assets worldwide, on the one hand, and certain countries (Russian Federation, People's Republic of China) intend to expand global functions of their national currencies, on the other hand. It necessitates a research into the existing experience of global issuers in creating conditions that help those currencies reach that high international status.
     Objectives The research examines organizational and institutional conditions for internationalizing monetary functions of certain currencies and demonstrates their significance for the British pound, US dollar, yen, Deutschemark and French franc, and, subsequently, euro to become international currencies.
     Methods I applied a historical method, tables, synthesis, deduction, and the method of comparative analysis.
     Results I emphasize the significance of zero currency restrictions on the current and capital transactions of the balance of payment, and open national financial market as conditions for forming contemporary international currencies as part of the evolution of the global monetary system.
     Conclusions and Relevance The British pound, US dollar, yen, Deutschemark, French franc and, subsequently, euro that replaced the two latter currencies became a standard of value, means of payment and reserves after the organizational and institutional environment was created, thereby letting non-residents make various deals using these currencies.


Transformation of economic conditions for modern world currencies formation

Kudryashova I.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( inna.kudrjaschowa@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #38, 2015

Importance Over 12 years have passed since the Russian President set a challenge to enhance the international status of the Russian ruble. Despite the increased share of the national currency as an international settlement currency, the achieved result is insignificant as compared to the global foreign exchange turnover. Therefore, during the gradual progress of the Russian ruble towards the international currency status, it is important to study the economic conditions for modern world currencies formation.
     Objectives The objectives are to study the transformation of economic conditions and to show their role in the process of internationalization of monetary functions of modern world currencies.
     Methods The study draws on research techniques like historical synthesis, comparative analysis, statistical methods (tabular, graphical, a method of absolute and relative indicators).
     Results I examined the role of the country's GDP and its share in the world product, the importance of the volume of exports of goods and services, the country's share in the world export, the volume and depth of the domestic financial market, the size and structure of international reserves, inflation rate in the country of issue, the lack of acute fluctuations of the exchange rate of pound sterling, US dollar, Japanese yen, and Euro in the process of achieving the international status.
     Conclusions Internationalization of monetary functions of modern world currencies was preceded by the formation of economic conditions that provided a large-scale and stable international demand for these currencies and supported their stability.


International currencies: necessity and hierarchy

Kudryashova I.V. Volgograd State University, Volgograd, Russian Federation ( inna.kudrjaschowa@yandex.ru )

Pleshakova M.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( pmv23@list.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #35, 2016

Importance The problem posed by the President of the Russian Federation to enhance the international status of the Russian ruble and negotiations between Eurasian Economic Union members on possible adoption of common currency require to implement a relevant strategy and identify spheres and possible territorial boundaries of the Russian national currency internationalization. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate issues related to functions and hierarchy of international currencies.
Objectives The aim of the study is to characterize functions and hierarchy of international monetary units based on the analysis of the need, evolution, and scale of international currencies circulation.
Methods The study rests on historical, comparative analysis, classification method, statistical methods (tabular and graphic, absolute and relative indices technique).
Results We demonstrate the benefits of using international currencies in trade and financial operations, the evolution of international monetary units, describe certain systems of international currency hierarchy, reveal existing approaches to differentiating the types of international currencies. The paper includes an analysis of the role of world and major regional currencies in performing their functions of a medium of payment and a means of hoarding in the global market.
Conclusions and Relevance The paper underpins the practicability of applying the territorial approach to building the hierarchy of international monetary units, and the preference of categories of world and regional currencies in relation to currencies that serve as an international means of payment and means of hoarding outside the country of issue.


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