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Foreign experience in the implementation of structural policies

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #2, 2016

Importance The article studies the problem of realization of structural reforms in foreign countries.
Objectives The paper aims to identify the best foreign practices to implement structural policies.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis.
Results We identified factors and conditions for successful implementation of structural reform.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that it is advisable to use the program approach for successful implementation of structural policies. We recommend to structure reform packages in the areas of labor market, human capital development, resources relocation, governance, as well as use tax (indirect) encouragement of small and medium-sized enterprises.


Development of an approach to evaluating the effectiveness of regional government bodies in Russia

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #8, 2016

Subject The article studies and develops the methodology of Data Envelopment Analysis, or DEA, to analyze the effectiveness of decision-makers.
Objectives The purpose of article is to develop the foundations of DEA methodology, identify its strengths and weaknesses, develop alternative approaches to evaluate the activities of decision-makers, and use these approaches to develop a system for evaluating the performance of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Results Pointing out certain disadvantages of the DEA methodology, I offer using some other metrics featured in the work, as indicators of the effectiveness, that can be applied successfully for the comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of decision-makers. In addition, I have developed and here present an approach to assess the dynamics of the effectiveness of such entities.
Relevance The proposed methodology is recommended to improve the adopted valuation methodologies of governance in the regions, both in general and in specific areas of management. The developed approaches can be applicable in the corporate sector, as well.


Assessment of the gross municipal product and comparative analysis of the Russian cities

Krinichanskii K.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor of Department of Finance and Financial Law, Southern Ural State University (NIU), Cheliabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Unrau A.V. Student of Faculty of Economics, Management, Law, Southern Ural State University (NIU), Cheliabinsk, Russian Federation ( nfs923@ro.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #9, 2014

The authors develop a database which includes an index of the gross municipal product. They apply the factorial method for calculation and, on the basis of the collected data, they suggest a comparative method of inquiring of the Russian cities. The article shows the revealed interrelation between the gross municipal product and a number of various macro-regional and sub-regional numerical parameters. There is a proposal to group the cities of similar comparable criteria, and to mark out those ones which are of major or minor efficiency as per those criteria. The gross-domestic-product structures of different cities and regions have been compared on a country-selective basis. Consequently the authors conclude that the Russian “minor” cities’ contribution to the gross domestic product is not that considerable. This fact may negatively affect the long-term competitive ability of the country.


Methods of evaluation of the impact of structural policies on the macroeconomic parameters: Regression models and a partial equilibrium model

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #11, 2016

Importance The article discusses the methods of assessing the relationship between structural policy and economic growth; it shows the peculiarities of different methods and assesses their ability to uncover the nature of the impact of structural reforms on macroeconomic indicators.
Objectives The article aims to disclose the methodological peculiarities of approaches to the assessment of the relationship of structural policy and economic growth, and the opportunities arising for the practical application.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis of research approaches.
Results We reveal the features, advantages and disadvantages of regression and partial equilibrium models used to assess the impact of structural change, the impact of structural reforms on macroeconomic variables.
Conclusions We conclude that Single Equation Models are the most common approach to the assessment of structural change. Partial Equilibrium Models are an important tool for evaluating the effectiveness of structural reforms in certain sectors and areas.


A comparative assessment of the economic development of regions: Methodological issues

Krinichanskii K.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #10, 2017

Importance The paper develops methodological issues of comparative assessment of the economic development of such objects of analysis as countries and sub-national regions.
Objectives The paper aims to develop a method to select regions for their comparative analysis. The study focuses on identifying the idiosyncratic features of a particular region, setting all general matters aside.
Methods We propose a multi-step approach to achieving the desired goal. To do this, we used a non-hierarchical method of cluster analysis (k-means method) and the comparative analysis.
Results The region selection procedures for comparative analysis make it possible to identify a group of seven regions competing for markets and resources with the model region, namely, the Chelyabinsk oblast. As a result of the analysis, it was found that export growth and reduced relative dependence on government spending were the oblast's strengths between 1999 and 2015. Investment activity sufficiently lower in comparison with the immediate competitors' one and the quality of higher education were the weaknesses of the oblast.


Financial markets: analysis of the impact on the socio-economic processes in the Russian regions

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University - National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #4, 2015

The article presents the methodology of analysis of the development of financial markets and financial institutions at the regional level. The author's proposed approach reveals the formation of interrelationship of economic and financial development in Russia's regions. The author applies a method of correlation analysis. The analysis on the basis of the groups identified a pattern of correlation coefficients are higher in those groups of regions where the value of the share of regional GDP is higher in the sum of GRP in all regions. In addition, the paper shows that the regions' growth model implies a significant reinforcement of the role of innovative financing mechanisms (residential mortgages), and their potential indicates the expected expansion of this segment of the market. The article identifies the importance of positioning the region as an independent participant in the public debt markets. The paper shows that the GDP of the region and the growth rate of investment in fixed capital (GFCF) grow most rapidly in regions that have experienced regular borrowing in the sub-federal bonds market, and that in the regions there is a closer link of loans to investments and production. The article contains certain recommendations for further development of the financial market in the Russian regions.


Complex Issues of Regional Growth Dependence on the Level of Financial Sector Development

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Fat'kin A.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( andfatkin@yandex.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #3, 2017

Importance The paper develops the area of endogenous economic growth theory that focuses on the relationships between financial development and economic dynamics at the national and sub-national levels.
Objectives The study aims to identify regular differences in the level and statistical significance of the coefficients of regression models with financial development variables for groups of regions with different levels of financial sector development averaged for the studied period.
Methods To estimate coefficients, we use an individual fixed-effect model. Regions are classified in terms of the composite index of density of banking services in the region. We use real GRP per capita as an indicator of economic dynamics. The analysis covers the panel data on 75 Russian regions for the period of 2002–2014.
Results We found that the impact of financial development indices on economic growth is more intensive in groups of regions with a moderate level of financial development.
Conclusions and Relevance The findings support the hypothesis on nonmonotonic dependence of finance and growth among different groups of Russian regions.


Complex Issues of Regional Growth Dependence on the Level of Financial Sector Development

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Fat'kin A.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( andfatkin@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #6, 2017

Importance The paper develops the area of endogenous economic growth theory that focuses on the relationships between financial development and economic dynamics at the national and sub-national levels.
Objectives The study aims to identify regular differences in the level and statistical significance of the coefficients of regression models with financial development variables for groups of regions with different levels of financial sector development averaged for the studied period.
Methods To estimate coefficients, we use an individual fixed-effect model. Regions are classified in terms of the composite index of density of banking services in the region. We use real GRP per capita as an indicator of economic dynamics. The analysis covers the panel data on 75 Russian regions for the period of 2002–2014.
Results We found that the impact of financial development indices on economic growth is more intensive in groups of regions with a moderate level of financial development.
Conclusions and Relevance The findings support the hypothesis on nonmonotonic dependence of finance and growth among different groups of Russian regions.


Assessing the priorities of regions' structural policies using the values of Barro-regression parameters

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Lavrent'ev A.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( allavr@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #7, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of economic growth at the regional level discussing Russia's economic development model change.
Objectives The article aims to identify the drivers of economic growth at the regional level.
Methods For the study, we used a comparative analysis of retrospective elasticity coefficients in regression models, research methods, econometric methods related to the construction and evaluation of cross-section regression model parameters, and fixed effects models for panel data analysis.
Results The article identifies a significant impact of individual variables of employment, education, public health, R&D, and small business variables on Gross Regional Product.
Conclusions At the present time, Russia needs certain structural reforms to achieve higher levels of regional and national economic growth, compared with the consensus forecast. The use of the estimates obtained makes choosing of priority areas and directions of such change more accurate. The identification of priority areas and directions for economic development will enable the Russian regions to make more effective use of domestic sources of economic growth.


Financial systems of the Russian regions: An analysis of post-crisis development trends

Krinichanskii K.V. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( kkrin@ya.ru )

Fat'kin A.V. South Ural State University – National Research University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( andfatkin@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #10, 2016

Importance We study the trends of post-crisis development of the financial systems in Russia's regions.
Objectives The aim of this paper is to clarify a convergence-divergence vector of the level of development of the financial systems in Russia's regions. In addition, we are trying to discover the relationship between a local banking sector's characteristics and macro-regional indicators: output, investment, productivity.
Methods For the study, we used some composite indexes of density of banking services in Russian regions, as well as a graphical method, variation measurement, and the regression analysis.
Results The paper shows the trend towards divergence of the development of regions taken in the specific classification, by composite banking service density index and its individual components, since 2012. A savings index plays a major part in this divergence. The regions with low gross regional product show a more noticeable and sharp fall in financial density index of banking services.
Conclusions The detected trends are clearly negative. They themselves and their underlying causes may become significant factors to slow the processes of convergence of regions, to increase regional inequalities and reduce the growth potential of the Russian economy. Some of these causes are a structural change of the institutional component of financial system toward more affluent in per capita GDP constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the uneven distribution of Government support measures in the banking system, the disregard of the problem of lack of financial literacy of the population in the regions.


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