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Morozova T.V. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, the Institute of Economics of the Karelian Scientific Center of RAS ( email@example.com )
Kozyrev G.B. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, the Institute of Economics of the Karelian Scientific Center of RAS ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Timakov I.V. junior research fellow, Institute of Economics of the Karelian scientific Center RAS ( email@example.com )
Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #19,
In the article indicate that in situations of inequality is becoming particularly urgent housing subfederal?na? regional economic policy in the housing marketstrategic objective, which is to improve the quality of life of the people. Using multivariate statistical methods of data analysis provides a typology of Municipal formations of the Republic of Karelia based on correlation characteristics of territorial housing markets and the activity of the municipal administration. Economic strategic directions are presented.
Kozyreva G.B. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #7,
Importance The article considers human capital being one of the most important economic categories.
Objectives The aim is to review the evolution of institutional conditions, in which processes of human capital formation and development take place, including its structural transformations.
Methods In the study, I apply scientific approaches and methods, like retrospective historical analysis, institutional analysis, quantitative and qualitative sociological methods, statistical data processing. The results of integrated economic and sociological surveys of forest regions of the Republic of Karelia, statistical data serve as the empirical base of the research.
Results Using the institutional analysis of the evolution of human capital institutions formation in the Republic of Karelia over 70 years, the paper unveils three historical periods (early Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet). Each of them has its own specific economic and social processes. The condition of institutions that facilitate or hamper the human capital development is assessed through the public policy, behavior patterns of the business and the population.
Conclusions Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of human capital serve as indicators of socio-economic systems. It is crucial to focus the State policy on creation of innovative institutions to form, develop, and reproduce the human capital; the institutions will enable to initiate the process of depressed forest regions' recovery.
Kozyreva G.B. Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Center of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5,
Subject The article considers problems related to the institutional development of forest areas of Russia using a case of the Republic of Karelia.
Objectives The aim is to assess the condition of institutions regulating the forest cluster functioning and relations arising in the institutional system; to provide a rationale for mechanisms to create efficient models of forestry development in Russia.
Methods The study employs a systems approach based on the institutional and functional analysis of the 'forestry – forest economics' institutional system, a descriptive analysis of problems faced by forestry relations participants. The empirical data of qualitative in-depth interviews of forest business representatives with forest village residents, the findings of Russian and foreign scholars served as the information base of the paper.
Results I reviewed the basic institutional conditions prevailing in the forest cluster of Russia over recent 25 years. Based on the in-depth interviews, I analyzed discussions about form of ownership of the forest acceptable for Russia, and justified the areas of the forest cluster development through institutionalization of net return from forest land. The findings may be useful for management decisions in the forestry and forest economics of Russia.
Conclusions Subject to enhancing the role of regulatory institutions and weakening that of institutions influencing the sector, it is possible to change the model of woodland management in Russia and convert forests into a source of economic and social development.
Kozyreva G.B. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Morozova T.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Belaya R.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #22,
Importance The article deals with the problems of institutional transformation of the Russian society. Using a case of the border region we have analyzed the socio-economic behavior of households in different areas: a labor market, consumer orientations, investment and financial strategies.
Objectives The purpose of the article is to assess the compliance of the current behavioral practices and strategies with the market concepts.
Methods We used a descriptive analysis of changes of attitudes, strategies and behavioral practices in different socio-economic areas. Empirical evidence of the economic and sociological surveys carried out in the territory of the Republic of Karelia in 2012 provided an information base of the study.
Results We have identified a wide range of models of economic behavior from destructive to optimally effective, among which the transition ones dominate. Our paper shows the active development of new economic sectors (finance, investment in physical and human capital, increasing a consumer structure). In addition, we considered the different employment strategies of households consisting of single employment (employment on one computer), secondary employment, as well as entrepreneurship and unemployment.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that in terms of inefficient institutions, socio-economic behavior of households of the cross-border Russian region is more situational in nature, reflecting the adaptive content of institutional development. The results of the research may be useful in making management decisions in the field of employment, financial institutions and social policies.
Kozyreva G.B. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( email@example.com )
Morozova T.V. Institute of Economics, Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7,
Importance The article deals with the institutional issues of development of business communities in the border region of Russia, involved in the modern global market integration processes.
Objectives The aim of the article is to assess the status of institutions governing the cross-border cooperation and foreign economic relations, the business of the Republic of Karelia participate in.
Methods To consider the internal and external factors that determine the characteristic and status of foreign economic relations of Russia and the problems the business in the Republic of Karelia faces in the process of foreign economic activity, we used institutional and descriptive analyses. The empirical evidence of economic and sociological surveys of enterprises in the Republic of Karelia in 2013 served as an information base.
Results We specify a wide range of positive and negative factors influencing the behavior of cross-border business in Russia, among which we highlight the economic, environmental and political interests of the countries that have socio-economic relations with Russia, as well as the quality of the institutions that govern their activities. We found that export activities got burdened with many institutional barriers, among which there are the information, infrastructural, and administrative ones.
Conclusions and Relevance High export business activity gets accompanied with destructive processes in the system of institutional regulation in this sphere. A number of barriers prevent companies-exporters from successful activity. Under these circumstances, the instruments used do not perform the function of boosting business at its reorientation from a resource-intensive to capital-intensive export model. The results of the research may be useful in making management decisions in the field of cross-border cooperation to improve the conditions of business activity.
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