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Enhancing methodological tools for investment projects assessment

Kuvshinov M.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( )

Komarova N.S. South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5, 2015

In the conditions of investment activity recession caused by the global financial crisis, investors are extremely careful in making their decisions. This fact essentially raises the urgency of validity of assessment of investment efficiency. In projects having high indicators of productivity of investments, the investor can be interested not only in profitability and return on investment, but also in other indicators reflecting strategic goals of enterprise development with regard to efficiency of production and economic activities, financial condition, social development, etc. which for each enterprise and investment project may have specific composition and acceptable values. Expanding the expertise reduces the risks of choice substantiation, and enhancing methodological tools in this sphere enables to avoid probable essential economic losses at the stage of investment project development and implementation. The purpose of the study is to enhance methodological tools for complex assessment of investment projects at industrial enterprises. On the basis of the hierarchy's analysis method, we selected the areas and indicators, which are the most significant for investors, and the indicators that are essential for determining the efficiency of investment project implementation. By means of the offered method of a multi-level integrated assessment, we analyzed various aspects of investment projects' expertise, including their significance at the current stage of calculation and their influence in ensuring decreased risk of assessments. We developed a set of requirements to structure, communications and functions of the mechanism of complex assessment of investment projects, a method of multi-level integrated assessment of investment projects by the integrated indicator of efficiency and the mechanism and the software, which implement them. We conclude that in conditions of the Russian economy, consideration of all interests of investors would provide for development and realization of reasonable investment strategies.

Influence of criminality on a level of social safety of regions of Russiav

Komarova T.M. associate professor, Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems Far Eastern Branch Russian Academy of Sciences ( )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #21, 2010

The paper aims at investigation the relation between level of criminality and social security and quality of life. The differentiation of Russian regions on a crime rate and quality of the social environment, persons influencing safety is shown.

Role of wholesale - intermediary enterprise consumer cooperation in realization of social politicians

Komarova G.B. PhD, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Economics and Business, Tajik State University of Commerce ( )

Ishonova U.U. assistant of the chair of Economics and Business, Tajik State University of Commerce ( )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #8, 2010

The paper investigates consumer cooperation as a single system, the variety of activities which together with a common purpose of realization of social mission. Wholesale - intermediary company, is part of a single system, designed to solve the problem of shareholders, but also serves the rural population. Implementation of agro-products forms the confidence of the rural population in the demand for products of labor farms, guaranteed revenue.

Special features of wholesaling infrastructure functioning in the conditions of market economy

Komarova G.B. PhD, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Economics and Business, Tajik State University of Commerce ( )

Ishonova U.U. competitor of chair «Economy and enterprise», Tajik State University of Commerce ( )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #21, 2010

Market infrastructure being a vehicle of economic relations of subjects at the sometime is the most important factor of reproduction in all its stages and also in circulation sphere too. Wholesaling as the subject of market requires an availability of infrastructural services, which form the normal conditions for realization of commercial processes. The elements of wholesaling infrastructure are united into complexes such as organizing, material, informational, external economic, normative and right. The proportionality between elements, their conditions of development have a straight effect on the development level of wholesaling.

The impact of foreign stockholders on the dividend policy of Russian companies

Fedorova E.A. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Komarova E.O. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #8, 2017

Importance In this article, we consider the dependence of dividend payments of Russian companies on foreign citizens among the stockholders, and the dividend policy of Russian companies.
Objectives The purpose of the paper is to determine the correlation between the presence of foreign investors among stockholders and the dividend policy in Russia.
Methods The research of the dependence was carried out with the help of logit model for binary variables and method of the least squares. The research empirical base consists of data of 122 the largest Russian listed companies.
Results The main hypothesis of the direct correlation of dividends and the presence of foreign stockholders has not been confirmed. The study confirms the inverse dependence of dividend payments on the presence of foreign citizens among the stockholders.
Conclusions and Relevance Nowadays Russia is not an attractive country for foreign investments which is connected with the unstable economic situation and political relations with other countries. The results of this work can be useful for managers of the Russian companies in the frame of studying benefits arising from the presence of foreign stockholders.

The Volga Federal District: influence of human capital on labor productivity

Komarova A.S. Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University, Tula, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #15, 2015

Importance The article reviews issues of human capital as one of the main factors influencing the labor productivity. At the current phase of the economic development, growth in gross domestic product relates to innovations, which represent results and products of human capital and education, in particular. It means that, to determine the social and economic strategy for the governmental development as a whole and in regions, in particular, it is necessary to perform a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of human capital being a driving force of economic growth and accumulation of national wealth.
     Objectives The research aims at determining the elasticity coefficient of labor productivity on the basis of the educational level of the employed population in the Volga Federal District of the Russian Federation.
     Methods The researcher analyzes what effect human capital has on the labor productivity in the Volga Federal District of the Russian Federation. When analyzing, the author applies a research program based on econometric models of efficiency growth and the data of the Federal State Statistics Service.
     Results The author calculates elasticity coefficients for each of the fourteen regions of the Volga Federal District, using specific regression equations for each argument. Based on the characteristics provided, the regression analysis generates adequate econometric models.
     Conclusions The educational level of population is relevant to determine the labor productivity in the regions of the Volga Federal District of the Russian Federation. The results may be applied to further studies of the regions' economics.

Tax instruments to stimulate investment activity of the Russian population

Komarova E.I. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( )

Bulatova Yu.I. Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Finance and credit, #47, 2014

The article states that a system solution of the task related to refocusing the domestic economy on modern, socially oriented and innovation type of development implies searching for financial resources, including for the purpose of intensification of investment activity at the level of the country and regions. Managing this process is one of the main ways of ensuring its efficiency as financial resource availability does not mean their automatic use for investment purposes. The authors emphasize that in the conditions of financial and economic crisis and shortage of financial resources, the funds of the population are a major financial instrument of economic entities, which is not fully utilized in the investment market. The authors have analyzed the practice of applying various forms of stimulation of investment activity of the public in foreign countries and in Russia and the factors influencing the investment potential of the population. The study considers perspective areas of promoting the use of investment potential of the Russian population and creating incentives for long-term investment in financial markets. The study reveals the main problems connected with the use of free financial resources of the population for savings process development in Russia; analyzes foreign experience related to increasing investment appeal of certain sectors of economy; includes measures to expand the existing tax incentives and introduce new ones in order to increase the interest of citizens in long-term organized forms of capital accumulation. The authors conclude that under conditions of scarce financial resources to ensure investment activity, the use of the offered tax tools will create conditions for boosting long-term accumulation of financial resources and their investment by the population of the Russian Federation.

Influence of the internal corporate economy model on transfer pricing functions and methods

Ustyuzhanina E.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Komarova I.P. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Evsyukov S.G. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #40, 2015

Importance Business consolidation and diversification trends require regulating internal corporate relationships. Corporate resources are distributed and reallocated within the company through intracompany transactions and various economic indicators. Economic indicators play absolutely different roles in different corporate economy models. In such circumstances, corporate relationship regulation gains relevance, considering the relation of corporate economic environment forms and applicable economic indicators.
     Objectives The research is aimed at devising the general concept for arranging internal transactions and applying economic indicators to various models of the corporate economic environment.
     Methods Organizing a corporate economy falls in between management and economics, thus requiring us to combine methodologies of several theories, i.e. organization theory (management and new institutional theory), transaction cost theory (new institutional theory), pricing theory (neoclassical economic theory), theory of budgetary planning theory and controlling (finance) and economic theory of law (new institutional theory).
     Results We found principal models of corporate economy and their key qualities and determined functions, calculation techniques and scope of basic economic indicators in various corporate economy models.
     Conclusions and Relevance When calculating and using some economic indicators, it is necessary to consider their role in distributing and reallocating resources and products within the specific corporate economy model. Hence, when forming the corporate economic environment, companies should opt for integral concepts, i.e. operational models, rather than separate management tools.

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