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Analysis of ways to compare non-uniformly scaled projects

Kogan A.B. Cand.Econ.Sci., the senior lecturer of chair of economy of building and investments Novosibirsk state university of architecture and civil engineering article ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #35, 2009

There is analyzed the ways to choose best project between few non-uniformly scaled alternatives which have different sizes and (оr) different periods. The author compares known ways and indices (

Ways of choice of the most advantageous object of expensive investments

Kogan А.B. PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, the Department of Economy of Building and Investments, the Novosibirsk State Architectural and Construction University (Sibstrin) ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #35, 2013

In the article the methods of the selection of the most advantageous version from several alternative different-scale expensive investments are analyzed. By different-scale investments are understood such, in which are distinguished both the periods and sums. By expensive investments are understood those, which do not directly bring profit. It is described the index of conditional bank contribution, developed by the author for the selection of the most advantageous object of expensive investments.

New approaches in solution of tasks to choose the best investment project and the best type of equipment

Kogan A.B. candidate of economic sciences, associate professor of department of construction economics and investments of Novosibirsk State Architectural University. ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5, 2009

The article sets forth new methodological approaches to solution of strategic and tactical tasks of company’s activities. The author suggests new indicators to appraise effectiveness of investment projects (“speed of cost growth” and “index of speed of cost growth”. Formulas to define maximum price for designed equipment, maximum expenses and minimum profit from exploitation of being designed equipment were suggested that allow choosing the best equipment: “expensive but economical and inexpensive but unprofitable”.

A method to determine the best way to finance development projects

Kogan A.B. Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #11, 2017

Subject The article studies the financial characteristics of investments in development projects for multi-family housing and the dependence of these parameters on the modes of market financing.
Objectives The article seeks to describe and test a methodology that shapes the relationship between the way in which market financing is achieved and the effectiveness of investment in multi-family housing, and evaluate the impact and choice of the best way of market financing.
Methods For the study, I used the discounted cash flow method and my own technique for assessing the effectiveness of diverse parameter investment, that includes the calculation of a new indicator, namely, a unit value increment rate index.
Results The article describes a methodology for determining the best method of market financing for a particular development project and certain state of the primary real estate market. The article presents two financial models of the development housing project, which describe the results of two modes of financing: through shared construction participation and real estate purchase and sale agreements.
Relevance The methodology is intended both for commercial companies and the authorities, for it helps assess the impact of legislative initiatives on the financial results of developers and the resulting prices of residential real estate.

Critique on the prevalence of fiscal efficiency evaluation in choosing investment for purposes of State co-finance

Kogan A.B. Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Sibstrin), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #4, 2017

Importance The article analyzes what issues arise in decision making on the State cofinance of investment projects at the level of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
Objectives The research verifies my hypothesis stating that fiscal efficiency and public efficiency of projects should not be the same. It may result in inappropriate budgetary spending, i.e. investing in programs that do not generate maximum effect for the public. I also review the relationship of fiscal efficiency and public efficiency by modeling how the project may be implemented by national and foreign investors.
Methods The cross-sectoral model is used to describe the economy of the Novosibirsk oblast. The regionally significant investment project is overviewed using data of the company in charge of the project performance. To evaluate public efficiency of investment, I apply my own method combining a cross-sectoral analysis and analysis of Discounted Cash Flows. To evaluate fiscal efficiency, I resorted to methods national regulations and guidelines offer.
Results As I found out, estimates of fiscal efficiency, public efficiency and cost efficiency did not relate.
Conclusions and Relevance Public efficiency of any project strongly depends on the investor type. It is more beneficial for the economy of any Russian region if the program is implemented by the national investor, rather than foreign one.

Problems of energy saving when constructing and operating the buildings assigned for State functions

Malashevskii Yu.V. Siberian Regional Command of Internal Troops of Ministry for Internal Affairs of Russian Federation, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( )

Kogan A.B. Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Sibstrin), Novosibirsk, Russian Federation ( )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #44, 2015

Importance Recently, the problem of implementing the energy saving and energy efficiency technologies in construction and operation of buildings and structures of the government sector has become more significant against the backdrop of the world economy crisis. The specific feature of such facilities is that they do not earn profit.
     Objectives The goals of the study are to analyze the experience of energy saving technologies implementation during construction and operation of facilities assigned for State purposes, and to reveal major factors influencing the eventual outcome. Special focus is on the resource saving factor.
     Methods The study rests on our personal experience and special literature analysis. The findings are based on analysis and synthesis methods.
     Results We analyzed the effective legal framework and governmental policy in energy efficiency of buildings in Russia. The article describes existing problems in the work of government agencies ordering the design and construction of facilities or operating such facilities. We offer certain ways to solve the problems and the system of financial incentives for employees operating such facilities, which aim at enhancing the energy efficiency.
     Conclusions There are statutory regulations and subordinate legislation acting as a basis for energy saving in Russia. These instruments are applied in designing, constructing and operating the facilities intended for government needs. However, together with successful practice of energy saving, there are unused opportunities. To turn them into real benefits, the energy saving requires certain changes.

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