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An analysis of engineering workforce indicators of Russia

Varshavskii A.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( varshav@cemi.rssi.ru )

Kochetkova E.V. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( k.v.kochetkova@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #9, 2016

Importance The article addresses the problem of engineering workforce demand and supply in Russia, which is very urgent for re-industrialization and innovation development.
Objectives The aim is to reveal long-term trends in engineering workforce demand and supply in Russia and search for ways to identify needs for engineering and technical specialists using the retrospective analysis of engineering workforce indicators and cross-country comparisons for the most developed countries and Russia.
Methods The research rests on an economic and statistical analysis and cross-country comparisons.
Results We reviewed changes in engineering workforce indicators for the USSR (RSFSR). Based on cross-country comparisons, we conclude on the existence of relatively stable indicators of engineering workforce, both in developed countries and in Russia.
Conclusions and Relevance The analysis demonstrated that the problem of engineering workforce shortage both in developed countries and in Russia is of multidimensional nature: there are similar problems characterizing the labor market, including structural imbalances. We believe, it is crucial to consider education quality and monitor the demand for engineering workforce in the professional and qualification structure of engineering and technical specialists.


A problem of engineering workforce shortage

Varshavskii A.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( varshav@cemi.rssi.ru )

Kochetkova E.V. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( k.v.kochetkova@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #32, 2015

Importance The article deals with the problem of engineering workforce shortage. The issue is important in many developed countries, and it is especially urgent for the Russian economy in view of modernization and innovation development.
     Objectives The aim is to analyze engineering workforce demand and supply mismatch in the most developed countries and in Russia.
     Methods The analysis rests on the study of analytical data, OECD countries materials, cross-country comparisons and econometric modeling.
     Results We review the main reasons for engineering workforce demand and supply mismatch in foreign developed countries and in Russia. The econometric modeling based on statistical data for OECD countries reveals factors affecting the decrease in graduates majoring in Engineering. The study also considers the problems caused by globalization of labor and education markets.
     Conclusions and Relevance The factors affecting the engineering workforce shortage include a decrease in the number of graduates majoring in Engineering, low occupational prestige, problems in coordinating the demand for engineers and specialist training. The econometric analysis shows that indicators of training and supply of engineering workforce have positive correlation with the level of manufacturing industry development, especially of high-technology production, and negative - with the level of inequality. We conclude that the focus of foreign countries on employing foreign specialists threatens the engineering potential of Russia.


Analyzing and modeling the demand and supply indicators for engineers and technical specialists

Varshavskii A.E. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( varshav@cemi.rssi.ru )

Kochetkova E.V. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( k.v.kochetkova@gmail.com )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #5, 2018

Importance The article addresses the analysis and modeling of the labor market of engineering and technical specialists and possibilities to estimate a potential imbalance of demand and supply in this category of personnel.
Objectives The purpose is to reveal factors affecting the demand for and supply of engineers and technical staff with the help of modeling, to develop and test closed models of the labor market of this category of specialists based on data for the USA and Russia.
Methods We employ an economic and statistical analysis, modeling, and cross-country comparisons.
Results We offer two types of closed models to analyze changes in the labor market of engineering and technical staff. Testing the models based on data for the USA enabled to develop their modifications for the Russian labor market of the said specialists. Using a more complicated model that considers the results obtained in our previous works, we performed the analysis of possible imbalance of demand and supply of engineering and technical specialists up to 2020.
Conclusions The results of modeling enable to estimate a possible imbalance of demand and supply of engineers and technical specialists till 2020. They show the need for improving the labor conditions, quality of engineering and technical education, systems of monitoring the demand for this category of specialists, and planning their training. In future, when modeling the labor market of engineering and technical specialists, it is crucial to pay attention to behavioral models of occupational choice, processes of deindustrialization and reindustrialization, outsourcing and offshoring.


Multilevel control system of risk of bankruptcy of the enterprise

Zaharova A.A. cand. tech. sci., еhe Тechnological institute of Yurga (branch) of Tomsk polytechnical university ( zacharovaa@mail.ru )

Kochetkova E.V. assistant, the Technological institute of Yurga (branch) of Tomsk polytechnical university ( kochetkovaev@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #3, 2010

The new multilevel approach to management of risk of bankruptcy of the industrial enterprise is offered. The developed approach covers all stages of management of risk of bankruptcy; at selection and an estimation are considered both internal, and external factors; the interrelation of levels of management is provided with risk; there is a possibility of processing of the qualitative information and its transformation to quantitative estimations; depending on the purpose of management of risk estimation process can stop on any of system levels.


Analyzing trends in the development of international trade in intellectual property items

Nikulina O.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( Olgafinans@mail.ru )

Kochetkova S.Yu. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( svetlana-kochetkova@yandex.ru )

Vozzhova A.A. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( simplylyss@yahoo.com )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #3, 2017

Importance The article focuses on the subject since innovation and respective items of intellectual property are getting a greater role in the global economy. We study international economic relations arising from the cross-border exchange of technologies that unleash innovative development of economies.
Objectives We identify principal trends in international trends in intellectual property items at the current phase of its development and substantiate promising areas where Russia may occupy promising niches in the global market of intellectual property.
Methods We use methods of statistical analysis and comparison to examine trends in international trade in intellectual property and factors that influence it. We approached to the forecasting method in order to outline proposals for substantiating promising areas where Russia might occupy its niches in the global market of intellectual property.
Results We analyzed principal trends in international trade in intellectual property items and determined what measures and activities should be undertaken to form promising niches for Russia in the global market of intellectual property.
Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that Russia can become an incumbent player in one of the advanced innovation segments if it adopts appropriate innovative policies for creating, commercializing and exchanging intellectual property items.


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