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Service trade as basis of development of modern economy

Kiseleva I.A. Doctor of Economics Sciences, Professor of the Department of Applied Mathematics, the Moscow State University of Economy, Statistics and Informatics (MESI) ( Kia1962@list.ru )

Iskadzhian S.O. Graduate Student of the Department of Applied Mathematics, the Moscow State University of Economy, Statistics and Informatics ( simon_iskajyan@yahoo.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #46, 2013

In the article dynamics of development of the service sphere is considered. It is known that scientific and technical revolution changed nature of development of world economy. Under the influence of discoveries the services sector took an important place in the world gross domestic product which importance increases annually. Macroeconomic indicators are in dependence from growth rate of service trade. However the service sector develops unevenly around the world that leads to certain problems.


Risk assessment according to influence of human factor

Kiseleva I.A. Doctor of Economics Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Applied Mathematics, the Moscow State University of Economy, Statistics and Informatics ( Kia1962@list.ru )

Simonovich N.E. Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, the Department of Psychology of Personality, the Psychology Institute named after L.S.Vygotsky of the Russian State Humanitarian University, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences ( nsimoni@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2014

The article presents the integral component of professional risk management is definition of essence of object of management in the economy sphere. As the domestic theory of risk management is in a formation stage, the problem of accurate comprehensive definition of the concept "risks" gains now special relevance. The article considers the economic forecasts of risks and a human factor at decision-making. Important indicators are the status and a position of the person in society, and also its social well-being. The analysis of methods of an assessment of risks is carried out; the conclusion is drawn on the need of development of new models and methods of control over risks according to a human factor.


Enterprise cash flow management and optimization

Gryzunova N.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( nat-nnn@yandex.ru )

Kiseleva I.A. b Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Kia1962@list.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #7, 2016

Subject The article deals with the issues of effective enterprise cash flow management.
Objectives The paper aims to formulate the basic principles of cash flow management, using chemical industry enterprises as a case study, and search optimization opportunities.
Methods Using a traditional analysis of the potential for generating profits, in terms of monetary and technological elasticity, we analyzed cash flows of enterprises.
Conclusions and Relevance A range of products of chemical industry enterprises should be updated on the basis of analysis of elasticity, and the monetary policy should be formed on the basis of the systematic application of cash flows constructions, the choice and structure of which should be determined by technological potential and dynamics of cash deficiency. This will take into account the interests of both owners and investors in the industry. The results of the research can be used in the activities of monotowns.


Analyzing the formation and use of financial resources of non-profit organizations in the current circumstances

Kiseleva T.Yu. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( proffin2013@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #2, 2016

Importance Non-profit organizations concurrently act as producers of social benefits and market actors, thus being a reason for the specifics of their financial problems. The article points out challenges that are typical of the contemporary financial mechanism of non-profit organizations.
     Methods Using a systems analysis, I determined the specifics of contemporary non-profit organizations’ finance, pointed out and structured key difficulties in forming and using financial resources of non-profit organizations. Although the research was based on the analysis of challenges non-profit organizations faced, the findings might be applied to the financial mechanism of any non-profit organization in any economy.
     Results I pointed out and structured key difficulties in forming and using financial resources of non-profit organizations.
     Conclusions and Relevance As part of its contemporary operations, non-profit organizations have to evaluate its finance sources, choose cash inflows and income, determine the most appropriate types of monetary income, etc. Income-generating activity influences indicators of performance, sustainability and exposure to risks. While financial resources of non-profit organizations are formed, the entity addresses and resolves issues arising from its operations, thus influencing the resource formation process.


Economic forensics in Russia: history and modern times

Skripkina O.V. Ryazan State Radio Engineering University (RSREU), Ryazan, Russian Federation ( olgaskripkina2014@yandex.ru )

Kiseleva O.V. Ryazan State Radio Engineering University (RSREU), Ryazan, Russian Federation ( olgakiseleva2008@mail.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #11, 2017

Subject The article discusses the social, historical and organizational prerequisites for the development of judicial economic expertise in Russia.
Objectives The study aims to generalize historical materials, describe and classify the social, historical and organizational stages of the development of judicial economic expertise in Russia, with a view to identifying the prerequisites for development, understanding the nature and content of the transforming judicial accounting expertise into judicial economic analysis.
Methods For the study, we used the evolutionary approach, as we discuss the evolution of the development of forensic expertise. Also, we used a method of unity of logic and history. The theoretical findings of our work get corroborated by historical evidence.
Results In the development of judicial economic expertise, we identify and define the socio-historical and organizational stages considered in the context of political and economic phenomena in Russia.
Conclusions We conclude that judicial economic expertise, as a separate type of forensic expertise, has evolved and improved in the context of political and economic developments in the State, and as a consequence of various organizational arrangements for the establishment and improvement of the structures that implement it, as well as due to the activities of scientists and specialists. The judicial economic expertise is now not just a science, a professional knowledge, but a course of education, as well.


Risk factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Russian Federation

Kiseleva I.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Kia1962@list.ru )

Zainullina E.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( raduga3753191@mail.ru )

Simonovich N.E. Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russian Federation ( nsimoni@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2017

Importance The article analyzes the morbidity and death rates associated with tuberculosis in the Russian Federation. The importance of these issues necessitates this research so to analyze the general situation and undertake timely activities for preventing tuberculosis.
Objectives The research assesses morbidity indices to analyze the public health, examine the structure of incidence of disease and determine the general epidemiological situation in the Russian Federation.
Methods The research relies upon methods of statistical and epidemiological analysis.
Results We found risk factors of tuberculosis in the Russian Federation. Upon the analysis, we can presume that the disease demonstrates declining trends among the population of the Russian Federation. Health care resources should be reasonably used to early detect the outbreak sources.
Conclusions and Relevance The tuberculosis morbidity rates had been declining in the Russian Federation from 2000 through 2014, continuing this trend. Healthcare institutions identified less instances of tuberculosis than the number of patients was registered. The death rate is also falling. The Central Federal District shows the lowest death rates in relation to tuberculosis in 2014. High death rates are registered in southern, northern regions, the Urals, and the Far East.


Accounting for transactions with reusable package: Issues and solutions

Kiseleva O.V. Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Ryazan, Russian Federation ( olgakiseleva2008@mail.ru )

Skripkina O.V. Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Ryazan, Russian Federation ( olgaskripkina2014@yandex.ru )

Journal: International Accounting, #6, 2018

Importance The article focuses on theoretical and practical aspects of accounting for transactions with reusable package.
Objectives The research generalizes characteristics with package so as to systematize economic information about the subject. We also formulate recommendations for recording transactions with reusable package, which is (not) pledged.
Methodology The research draws upon proceedings on the theory and practice of accounting for reusable package. We apply methods of deduction, induction, comparison and analogy. The research also examines the term package by scrutinizing monographs.
Results The article proposes signs to classify reusable package and sets out our own views on the way manufacturers of finished goods (commodities) should recognize transactions with reusable package in their source documents and accounts. The accounting method is based on variability of actions undertaken by the buying entity to return pledged package to the selling entity.
Conclusions and Relevance The well-ordered characteristics of various classification groups and types of package reduce risk arising from an incorrect usage of the terms reusable/returnable/pledged package at the local level of accounting regulations. They also mitigate accounting risks associated with terms of sale and purchase contracts for tangible assets sold in reusable package. The recommendable accounting entries will create conditions for reliable accounting for movements of reusable package owned by the entity selling finished products (goods). The findings may be used in accounting theory and practice applicable to package transactions.


Development of the caucasian mineral waters region in the context of import substitution policy in the tourist market of Russia

Kiseleva N.N. North-Caucasian Institute, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation ( kiseleva-n-n@yandex.ru )

Orlyanskaya A.A. North-Caucasian Institute, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation ( orlyanna@yandex.ru )

Il'yaeva Yu.M. North-Caucasian Institute, Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation ( ilyaeva@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #4, 2017

Importance The article deals with the problems of increasing the competitiveness of sanatorium-resort complex of the Caucasian Mineral Waters region in the current socio-economic and political conditions.
Objectives The article aims to analyze the competitiveness of the Caucasian Mineral Waters resort region, develop and validate the mechanisms of its increase regarding the import substitution policy.
Methods For the study, we used comparative and formal logical analyses.
Results We found that the development of the Caucasian Mineral Waters resort region is hampered by the failure to resolve a range of problems. The conducted comparative analysis shows the high price competitiveness of the services offered by the Spa institutions of the Caucasian Mineral Waters resort towns, compared with foreign counterparts. We propose certain mechanisms to enhance the competitiveness of the sanatorium-resort complex of the Caucasian Mineral Waters region in the context of import substitution policies.
Conclusions Improving the transport, communications, and tourism infrastructure of the region is a key direction of realization of the Caucasian Mineral Waters region's import-substituting capacity. Improving the efficiency of cooperation of formal and informal institutions supports the national policies of import substitution in the tourist market. It is essential to differentiate and consolidate the federal, regional, and municipal authorities and institutions' participation in the development of the region's tourism cluster on the regulatory basis.


The interpretation of theory of innovation in business practices: Evidence from the North Caucasian Federal District regions

Kiseleva N.N. North-Caucasian Institute, Branch of RANEPA, Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation ( kiseleva-n-n@yandex.ru )

Kozhieva F.A. North-Caucasian Institute, Branch of RANEPA, Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation ( fa-k@bk.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #6, 2017

Subject This article takes a look at the economic and institutional relations emerging in the process of building a regional innovation system.
Objectives The article aims to empirically verify theories of innovation with regard to socio-economic systems of the North Caucasian regions.
Methods To build a methodological basis of the study, we used the fundamentals of the theory of innovation by J.A. Schumpeter, business long term cycles theory by N.D. Kondratiev, the concept of technological modes, diffusion of innovations theory by S.T.E. H?gerstrand, works of foreign and domestic scholars studying the formation and development of national and regional innovation systems. As well, we used methods of comparative, statistical, and abstract and logical analyses.
Results A high level of entrepreneurial activity in the North Caucasian regions does not contribute to their transition to innovative development. The outdated third and fourth technological paradigms, the core of which is traditional production, dominate in the regions. Analysis of the dynamics of innovative production volume shows that the diffusion of innovations in the region is cyclic in nature. A low level of human capital is a key constraint to innovation development of the region.
Conclusions and Relevance There is a close direct relationship between social and innovative development of the territory, for only a region with developed social infrastructure is able to generate quality human resources, necessary for innovative development. Innovative development of regions is, first of all, the development of human capital and social infrastructure. The results of this research can be used by the executive authorities of the North Caucasian Federal District constituent entities of the Russian Federation when designing innovation policies in the region.


Risk management in the stock market

Simonovich N.E. Russian State University For Humanities, Moscow, Russian Federation ( nsimoni@mail.ru )

Kiseleva I.A. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Kia1962@list.ru )

Karmanov M.V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( Mkarmanov@mesi.ru )

Kuznetsov V.I. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vkuznetsov@mesi.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #24, 2016

Importance The article discusses risk management in the stock market as a very relevant issue of our times.
Objectives The research examines the mechanism for risk management in the stock market, overviews key concepts of risk management, studies its components in the stock market, describes the risk management system and assesses the risk. We also analyze the current condition of Russia's stock market and the role of indices, instruments and key market indicators in terms of risk and yield.
Methods The research involves indices, instruments and key market indicators in terms of risk and yield.
Results The research reviews the main objectives of risk management, its specifics in the internet trading. We provided the mechanism for risk management in the stock market. The risk identification includes an assessment of its level and tolerable threshold for the entity. The key condition for insurance requires setting aside earmarked funds and spending their resources solely on losses in preliminarily agreed circumstances.
Conclusions and Relevance Risk shall mean a probability that the financial result of investment will differ from the expected one. There are no perfect securities, which would be absolutely safe in terms of risk, and generate a stable income. The dynamics of the risk level and yield directly correlates. Currently, the level of threats in the market is higher than the level of probable yield. The Russian market is regarded to demonstrate low liquidity, since national stock exchanges and securities are underestimated as opposed to global ones. They are interesting for foreign investors, but geopolitical difficulties aggravate the situation.


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