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Technological security of agriculture in land reclamation regions

Ugryumova A.A. Raduga National Research Institute, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( feminaa@mail.ru )

Zamakhovskii M.P. State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( zamakhovskii@mail.ru )

Kapustina T.A. Raduga National Research Institute, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( kapustina_tat@inbox.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2018

Importance The research examines the technological security of agriculture in the Russian Federation in land reclamation regions as a crucial aspect of food security and sectoral competitiveness.
Objectives The research describes the current situation in land reclamation, identifies the most important causes of a technological lag in the sector.
Methods The research involves methods of econometric analysis and mutivariate statistical analysis, i.e. a situational, correlation, cluster analysis and modeling in SPSS.
Results We believe there shall be a systems approach to analyzing technological risks in land reclamation of the Russian Federation. We present a conceptual map of threats to technological security of land reclamation. We classify the constituent entities of the Russian Federation into four clusters by rate of growth in arable land and improved land and provide the clusters’ profiles. We determine the constituent entities which have positive, zero and negative rates of land use growth.
Conclusions If technological risks in land reclamation are assessed and specified, it will make the agricultural development secure and contribute to effective management of the sector. The findings are advisable for federal and regional authorities as part of operational and long-term management of land reclamation.


Ethical city as a condition of sustainable development

Ugryumova A.A. All-Russian Research Institute Raduga, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( feminaa@mail.ru )

Kapustina T.A. All-Russian Research Institute Raduga, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( kapustina_tat@inbox.ru )

Pautova L.E. All-Russian Research Institute Raduga, Kolomna, Moscow Oblast, Russian Federation ( cosidanie35@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #8, 2018

Subject This article examines the concept of an Ethical City and discusses the factors that shape the concept. The article gives special importance to the safety parameters of the urban environment.
Objectives The article aims to designate and disclose the category of an Ethical City as a territory of sustainable development. As well, it aims to highlight the factors and trends that determine the formation of an ethical city and classify indicators that help assess the level of ethics of the urban environment.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of statistical, economic, and situational analyses.
Results The article presents the results of the survey of the population of the City of Kolomna, allowing to rank the factors forming the category of an Ethical City. It specifies the concept of Comfort in relation to the urban environment and offers a classification of comfort factors in urban areas. The article also discusses the indicators used to evaluate the ethical city and substantiates the relevance of the introduction of the concept of an Ethical City into scientific circulation.
Conclusions and Relevance The introduction of the category of an Ethical City and the diagnosis of socio-economic factors of its development will contribute to improving the comfort and safety of the urban environment. The main conclusions can be recommended for municipal authorities to form a comfortable urban environment and create an urban competitive economy.


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