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The financial mechanism of management organizations in the field of housing and communal services: Deformation problems

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( Golubev.AA@tversu.ru )

Karaseva L.A. Tver state University, Tver, Russian Federation ( karasevatvgu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #5, 2018

Importance The article considers the system of internal and external financial relations of managing organizations in the sphere of housing and communal services.
Objectives The article aims to reveal the specifics and problems of the financial mechanism of managing organizations in the housing sector.
Methods The basis of the research is formal logic and the systems approach to the study of financial and economic aspects of the activities of economic entities.
Results The article presents certain results of research of a complex of financial and economic problems of managing companies in the sphere of housing and utilities. The article highlights the problem of insufficient financial resources to finance the working capital needed to provide housing and utilities services and shows the way to solve this problem.
Conclusions Owners of managing companies are not interested in obtaining legal profits, and their financial risks are almost nil due to the small size of the authorized capital.


On the financial standing and financial performance of the housing services and utilities property management companies in modern Russia

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( Golubev.AA@tversu.ru )

Karaseva L.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( karasevatvgu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #8, 2018

Subject This paper deals with the financial and economic situation of managing companies in the housing and public utilities sphere considering the evidence from Yaroslavl, Tver and Krasnoyarsk cities.
Objectives The paper aims to reveal the financial condition and position of the housing sector managing companies.
Methods The study involves statistical grouping and analysis of quantitative data on the financial and economic activities of the housing sector managing companies in Yaroslavl, Tver and Krasnoyarsk.
Results The paper presents the results of the study of financial and economic status of eighty one medium and large managing companies of Yaroslavl, Tver and Krasnoyarsk, that are serving from 71 to 81 percent of apartment buildings in these cities.
Conclusions The sample analysis shows unsatisfactory financial condition and financial position of the apartment buildings management branch. More than half of the management companies have losses and/or negative value of their own funds. This leads to an alternative source of financing, namely accounts payable due to delays in payments to resource providers.


Management companies in the housing and communal services sphere: Legal forms and quantitative parameters of the service object

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( Golubev.AA@tversu.ru )

Karaseva L.A. Tver state University, Tver, Russian Federation ( karasevatvgu@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #6, 2018

Subject The article deals with statistical generalization of management companies in Russia, including their number, structure, average 'life' and 'age'.
Objectives The study focuses on quantitative aspects of managing organizations' activities in Russia and its constituent entities (the number of managing organizations, their composition and structure, average number of serviced houses and their floor space, etc.).
Methods The study draws on grouping the quantitative data, analysis and synthesis.
Results The article presents statistical grouping of managing organizations (management companies, housing cooperatives, condominiums) operating in Russia and its constituent entities. We calculated the average number of houses serviced by one management company, average floor space in these houses, average number of urban population per one management company, etc.
Conclusions The average 'life' and 'age' of management companies are insignificant. The average maintenance period of an apartment building by one management company is even less than the average 'life' and 'age' of such companies. This should be taken into account when developing the public policy in the sphere of housing and utilities. Emerging and liquidated organizations in the housing sector do not form a strong and effective institutional structure in the industry.


Lease in Regional System of Forming a Property Base

Golubev A.N. Vice-Director of Specialised State Unitary Enterprise for Property Sale in the City of Moscow

Kryukov V.V. Doctor of Economics, Professor International University, city of Moscow

Cherny A.S. Senior Specialist of Operations Control and Economic Security Department of the SUE «Moscow Property»

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2009

Mechanism of creating a property base of a big city market participants is based on analyzing this base, including land sites, buildings, vehicles and equipment, tools. Non-residential premises include offices (administration), sales, industrial premises, storehouses, hotels and other types of premises. It is important to remember that each item of real and other property at the given moment is used in one of the possible ways: owned, held on trust, on terms of operating control, or lease. Lease can be combined with other types of use. The property holders have a certain financial independence, have access to their own (profit, amortization) and credit resources.


Government financial accumulation (reserves) in modern Russia

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( golalan@mail.ru )

Tolkachenko G.L. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( gtolkachenko@mesi.ru )

Dyuzhilova O.M. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( olga.dyuzhilova@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #44, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of financial reserves of the Federal budget of Russia.
Objectives The article aims to reveal the variety of sources and mechanisms of the state financial reserves formation in Russia.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of formal logic, statistical data analysis, and the systems approach.
Results The article discloses the economic policy of state financial reserve formation in Russia. It presents the statistical data showing the scale and structure of public financial accumulation in the country.
Conclusions Public financial reserves act as a means of stabilizing the macroeconomy, ensuring the balance of the federal budget and the country's pension system. The policy of state financial savings started at the beginning of the 2000s. It was due to the growth in oil prices and excess revenues from hydrocarbon exports.


Problems of introducing a single currency in the Eurasian economic community

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( golalan@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #6, 2015

The article points out that the economic integration in the post-Soviet space results in the need of introduction of a single currency. The paper considers the main problems which can arise during creation of a single currency zone within the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC): strengthening of procycricality of national economies; impossibility for the certain countries to carry out State regulation of economy with the use of tools of monetary policy and exchange rate; distribution of a seigniorage; confidence-building measures to emission center. The paper emphasizes that the strengthening of procycricality of national economies of the EurAsEC member countries, which joined a zone single currency with participation of Russia is the most considerable problem. It is connected with rather strong dependence of the Russian economy on the hydrocarbon prices at global market and its considerable volumes in comparison to economies of other participants of single currency zone. The paper provides data, which discloses an influence of a choice of principle of seigniorage distribution in single currency zone on income of the countries from issue of single currency. Such distribution can be made in proportion to the size of demand for money, in proportion to GDP, in proportion to the country's population, and also in a complex - in proportion to GDP (50%) and in proportion to population of the country (50%). While introducing single currency within the framework of two countries (The Russian Federation and Republic of Belarus) it is expedient to use the Russian ruble as single currency, which share in cumulative money supply of two countries is overwhelming. In order to solve the problem of trust to single currency as optimum, it is possible to consider the use of the Russian ruble as the EurAsEC collective currency. The use of the Russian ruble has old economic history and a certain confidence level.


The role of domestic savings in financing the Russian economy

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( golalan@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and Credit, #7, 2015

The aim of the article is to discuss the processes of formation, redistribution and use of domestic sources of the Russian economy financing. The authors provide quantitative data describing the level of gross savings in Russia and the areas of their use. Today Russia has a high level of domestic savings and adequate levels of domestic financial resources. In relation to the rest of the world, Russia acts as a net investor, the volume of gross savings in the country exceeds the volume of gross accumulation. The paper shows the role of the banking system (including individual lending institutions and the Central Bank of the Russian Federation) in redistributing financial resources in the economy, including the formation of net foreign investment. In this regard, the paper includes a presentation of aggregate statistical data, which demonstrate the generation and use of financial resources by credit institutions, the Bank of Russia, and by the entire Russian banking system. The authors emphasize the role of the Bank of Russia in accumulating domestic financial resources and their use in the regime of international reserves, which does not allow organizing an effective system of domestic lending to the national economy. The authors provide statistical data characterizing the amount of savings in the budget system of the Russian Federation. Today State financial reserves of the Government of the Russian Federation are accumulated in the Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation and placed with the Bank of Russia and Vnesheconombank. These funds can be regarded as significant potential sources of domestic financing of the Russian economy rehabilitation. The imposition of economic sanctions against Russia aimed at preventing its access to foreign capital markets requires creating an independent system of redistribution of financial resources within the Russian economy. This will reduce macroeconomic risks for Russia, foreign exchange risks for business, and ensure savings from net payments on income from investments.


The role of domestic savings in financing the Russian economy

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( golalan@mail.ru )

Journal: Digest Finance, #2, 2015

The aim of the article is to discuss the processes of formation, redistribution and use of domestic sources of the Russian economy financing. The authors provide quantitative data describing the level of gross savings in Russia and the areas of their use. Today Russia has a high level of domestic savings and adequate levels of domestic financial resources. In relation to the rest of the world, Russia acts as a net investor, the volume of gross savings in the country exceeds the volume of gross accumulation. The paper shows the role of the banking system (including individual lending institutions and the Central Bank of the Russian Federation) in redistributing financial resources in the economy, including the formation of net foreign investment. In this regard, the paper includes a presentation of aggregate statistical data, which demonstrate the generation and use of financial resources by credit institutions, the Bank of Russia, and by the entire Russian banking system. The authors emphasize the role of the Bank of Russia in accumulating domestic financial resources and their use in the regime of international reserves, which does not allow organizing an effective system of domestic lending to the national economy. The authors provide statistical data characterizing the amount of savings in the budget system of the Russian Federation. Today State financial reserves of the Government of the Russian Federation are accumulated in the Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation and placed with the Bank of Russia and Vnesheconombank. These funds can be regarded as significant potential sources of domestic financing of the Russian economy rehabilitation. The imposition of economic sanctions against Russia aimed at preventing its access to foreign capital markets requires creating an independent system of redistribution of financial resources within the Russian economy. This will reduce macroeconomic risks for Russia, foreign exchange risks for business, and ensure savings from net payments on income from investments.


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