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Relevant conservative financial tools for private investors in Russia

Glukhikh P.L. Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( Gluchih_P_L@mail.ru )

Korotin A.E. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Ural Branch, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( koralex@me.com )

Journal: Finance and credit, #13, 2016

Importance Low investment activity in Russia necessitates the promotion of national conservative financial instruments that are capable to create potential for private capital attraction, which will stimulate the Russian economy. The article considers deposits and federal loan bonds of the Russian Federation as the most profitable financial tools for private investors in Russia.
Objectives The aim is to choose an optimal financial tool meeting all requirements and needs of private investors in Russia.
Methods We performed a detailed comparative analysis of financial tools involved in the financial market of the Russian Federation using the theoretical cognition method, and considered important practical aspects under universal logical methods.
Results We developed proposals for private investments in Russia for 2016, taking into account qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the most relevant conservative financial tools, which are able to ensure attractive rate of return at minimal risk level.
Conclusions and Relevance Potential implementation of private investment strategies, using the said financial tools in the form of bank deposits or federal loan bonds of the Russian Federation will have a positive impact on both the nature and volume of private investment in Russia.


Evaluation of the financial sustainability of a banking institution as part of the implementation of its financial policies: methodological perspectives: Evidence from the market of the Southern Federal District

Rodin D.Ya. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( rodin17@mail.ru )

Glukhikh L.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Bezruchko A.S. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation ( anyuta9420@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #14, 2016

Importance The article focuses on indicative assessment of the financial sustainability of banking institutions and mechanisms for implementing their financial policies at the regional market of financial services, and issues of their interaction.
Objectives The research devises mechanisms to formulate financial policies as part of the strategy for sustainable development of banking institutions and reach adequate indicators of financial sustainability.
Methods The methodological architectonics relies upon an analysis and synthesis of scientific knowledge on the subject. We also used a systems analysis, monographic method to trace a systemic nexus of sustainable development, parametric modeling, deduction and induction.
Results We determined that the market environment had a positive effect on the formation and implementation of the banking institution's financial policies. The bank's financial sustainability depends on the composition and allocation of assets, structure of their sources, the banking institution's ability to settle its liabilities timely and completely. The researches helped us devise methods for indicative assessment of the bank's financial sustainability.
Conclusions and Relevance Provisions on comprehensive implementation of banks' financial policies contribute to their financial sustainability, attainment of ultimate goals – all managing parties pursue – and expansion of the clientele. The practical use of the indicative assessment methods will allow for monitoring of trends in financial flows and timely respond to any changes in the processes.


Assessing an impact of values and attitudes of entrepreneurs on import substitution issues in the region

Andreeva E.L. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( elenandr@mail.ru )

Glukhikh P.L. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( Gluchih_P_L@mail.ru )

Ratner A.V. Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation ( aratner@inbox.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #11, 2017

Importance The research was invoked by the import substitution policy amid foreign trade restrictions. The research focuses on values and attitudes of entrepreneurs.
Objectives The research represents our own comprehensive study into the analysis of typical attitudes of entrepreneurs as a whole, possible internal and external issues concerning the market, resources and companies' capabilities and specifics of import substitution. We also devise a model reflecting entrepreneurs' preparedness to import substitution and import substitution possibility.
Methods We devise and probate a methodological toolkit for sociological surveys of entrepreneurs so as to identify the extent to which businessmen in the Russian regions are prepared for import substitution, what impediments and opportunities they see and how exogenous and endogenous business factors influence and what organizational and economic mechanism is needed to boost import substitution.
Results As part of the sociological survey, we determine the public attitude to import substitution processes and opportunities. We evaluate whether businessmen are prepared to import substitution, and identify impediments and future trends. We propose an organizational and economic mechanism for unwinding available capabilities in the region so as to address import substitution issues. The findings may be used by authorities, business development institutions, R&D and educational institutions and businessmen.
Conclusions Authorities shall ensure sustainable communication with businesses and population to inform of the long-term import substitution plans. It is necessary to preserve the existing credibility through comprehensive and consistent measures implying financial, information, organizational and institutional aid to entrepreneurship in priority areas.


Problems of realization of competitive advantages of doing business in the form of complementary strategies

Glukhikh L.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Rodin D.Ya. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( rodin17@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #36, 2014

The authors pose the problem of realization of competitive advantages of business entities in the market environment. It is proved that the implementation of a complementary strategy forms an innovative vector of modern business development. The authors' concept of complementarity extends the model of M. Porter by the evaluation of significance and role of additional market participants. The authors offer a new methodological approach and algorithm of realization of complementary strategies to involve complementator-participants in the integration processes of the competitive business environment. The mechanism for implementing complementary policies at the enterprise includes both an external market analysis and internal analysis of own forces and capabilities, which help to select the most suitable complementators. The authors propose an algorithm (map) to implement complementary strategy within a client-focused business approach. The very concept of complementarity comes from the fact that many organizations, or services, or theories based on different systems of relations, complement each other and can be used to build higher-level systems. Based on this idea, one can form a new higher-order system that shall provide all the necessary options for the organizations, complementing or replacing various functions. The authors reveal methodological approaches to the implementation of a company's complementary strategy focused on the sustainable development to achieve common goals and objectives; the ability to cooperate and establish common standards and principles and hence reach the efficiency results better than the ones of competing organizations. The algorithm and implementation of complementary strategy of business units focus on a complex analysis of their strengths and weaknesses, market monitoring and the selection of appropriate competitor-cooperators, in effect, complementators, the cooperation with which will be effective and sustainable. Focusing on common objectives shall enhance the financial stability of complementators, minimize risks and provide guaranteed results of the cooperation.


A new understanding of the functioning of the credit channel and its impact on economic growth

Rodin D.Ya. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( rodin17@mail.ru )

Glukhikh L.V. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Samoilenko M.P. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( samoilenko.mihail@gmail.com )

Journal: Digest Finance, #4, 2014

The article points out that the extension of the crediting channel in the modern conditions makes actual the issue of the control of fluctuations of economic conditions in the country. The study of cyclic economy development in terms of increasing the pace of the consumer crediting forms allows expanding the understanding of the mechanisms that influence the economic development of the country. The aim of the research was the formation of the theoretical understanding of the impact of the credit channel on economic growth in the country. The authors considered the following subjects: determination of the nature of the impact of consumer loan products on the welfare of economic entities of the country; disclosure of the nature and composition of the risk arising in the economic system as an extension of the credit processes; identification of the role of financial intermediation in the aspect of conflict of interests between the various stakeholders and the regulator in the capacity of an agency of the State economic policy. The paper carries out a theoretical analysis of the lending process and its impact on the economic development of economic entities. The authors put forward a hypothesis of the possibility of the negative impact of the consumer loan products on the country's economic growth and discuss the formation of a new view on the understanding of the economic mechanism of the credit channel and its role in discovering the nature of the relationship between the behavior of borrowers of credit resources and cyclical fluctuations of economic entities. The authors justify the existence of a deterrent and pro-cyclical nature of the lending property in anticipation of future consumption, which creates the destabilizing effect on the development of the national economy. The article considers that the enhancing of the role of consumer credit, along with the economic slowdown at certain moment, pose some risks in promoting the economic growth and management of the system of financial intermediation in the country. The authors infer that in the environment of the current imbalance of the national economy, the financial market, on the basis of the accumulated and redistributed interests of the subjects of the credit process, is able to become the economic policy conductor of the State, which is aimed at the long-term and sustainable development.


New understanding of functioning of the credit channel and its impact on economic growth

Rodin D.Ya. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( rodin17@mail.ru )

Glukhikh L.V. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Samoilenko M.P. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( samoilenko.mihail@gmail.com )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #33, 2014

The article points out that the extension of the crediting channel in the modern conditions makes actual the issue of the control of fluctuations of economic conditions in the country. The study of cyclic economy development in terms of increasing the pace of the consumer crediting forms allows expanding the understanding of the mechanisms that influence the economic development of the country. The aim of the research was the formation of the theoretical understanding of the impact of the credit channel on economic growth in the country. Authors considered the following subjects: to determine the nature of the impact of consumer loan products on the welfare of economic entities of the country; disclosure of the nature and composition of the risk arising in the economic system as an extension of the credit processes; identification of the role of financial intermediation in the aspect of conflict of interests between the various stakeholders and the regulator in the capacity of an agency of the State economic policy. The paper carries out a theoretical analysis of the lending process and its impact on the economic development of economic entities. The authors put forward a hypothesis of the possibility of the negative impact of the consumer loan products on the country's economic growth and discuss the formation of a new view on the understanding of the economic mechanism of the credit channel and its role in discovering the nature of the relationship between the behavior of borrowers of credit resources and cyclical fluctuations of economic entities. The authors justify the existence of a deterrent and pro-cyclical nature of the lending property in anticipation of future consumption, which creates the destabilizing effect on the development of the national economy. The article considers that the enhancing of the role of consumer credit, along with the economic slowdown at certain moment, pose some risks in promoting of economic growth and management of the system of financial intermediation in the country. The authors infer that in the environment of the current imbalance of the national economy, the financial market, on the basis of the accumulated and redistributed interests of the subjects of the credit process is able to become the economic policy conductor of the State, which is aimed at long-term and sustainable development.


Birch Index as an indicator of business competitiveness in the regional market segment of processing industry: a case of the market of juices in the Krasnodar Krai

Glukhikh L.V. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Rodin D.Ya. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( rodin17@mail.ru )

Komisarova E.M. Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation ( GluhihL@bk.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #45, 2015

Subject The article deals with the issues of development of small and medium-sized enterprises at the present stage of economic development of society in a competitive market environment.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to develop mechanisms for the development of entrepreneurial activity of companies, drivers of economic growth, using their competitive advantages. The study’s objectives are as follows: to define the theoretical aspects of the impact of market forces on the formation of companies’ business; to reveal and adapt foreign approaches to the formation of new methods of assessing the levels of economic growth of regional companies; to form a mechanism for creation and promotion of high-quality innovative products at the regional consumer markets; to identify competitive advantages and strategic initiatives of companies-driver in the regional market of juice industry.
     Methods The methodological basis of the study is based on the analysis and synthesis of scientific knowledge in the investigated field. The work uses techniques of systems analysis, market research, and research of system interconnections, induction and deduction, as well as a monographic method.
     Results We identified the positive role of market forces in the formation and realization of competitive advantages in developing and implementing the final product innovation, which has both consumer and added values. We show that the share of rapidly growing firms, termed "gazelles", in sectors of the economy is small, and most small businesses develop slowly. We prove that the use of the Birch Index in micro-and macroeconomics helps identify the most problematic and vulnerable points of the modern Russian enterprise system. We identify certain "gazelles" among the local juice-producing companies that have strong positive impulses for growth of the Russian economy.
     Conclusions Implementation of the proposed approaches and mechanisms of development of entrepreneurship of small and medium-sized enterprises is aimed at the realization of their competitive advantages. At the present stage of modernization and import substitution policy, the vector is shifting in the direction of development and further improvement of the public-private partnership mechanism.


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