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Assessing the effectiveness of the active military and economic potential of the USA and Russia in the 21st century. Part 2

Gladyshevskii V.L. 46th Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vl-gladish@yandex.ru )

Gorgola E.V. 46th Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( evg-gorgola@yandex.ru )

Zvyagintsev S.A. 46th Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( zvyagintcev_serg@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #5, 2018

Importance Represented with military-industrial complexes in some countries, the operating military economy becomes a fundamental part of the national security and even an autonomous military, political and economic force.
Methods In the second part of the article, we apply the political-economic approach and tools for military and economic analysis to examine the efficiency of resources allocated for military purposes, public and political sentiment about it. We also unveil sources of military-technological and military-economic advancement of the USA and Russia in comparison with other countries.
Results Centralized regulation, ongoing control over the use of defensive resources are proved to be the efficient military and economic policy, considering the sanctions, austerity measures and crisis phenomena. Being influenced by military business supporters, the USA adheres to a flamboyant military policy, which boost only revenues of military-industrial companies, rather than the defense condition and combat power.
Conclusions and Relevance Demonstrating much higher efficiency than the U.S. military-industrial complex and lacking the finance of the U.S. military monopolies, the Russian one must tighten the coordination, manageability, consistency, reduce costs as much as possible, increase labor productivity and implement the domestic production quality system, which would be actively supported by the State and its resources.


Economic modeling and empirical approach to address the issues of optimizing a correlation of available resources for national defense and economic growth

Gladyshevskii V.L. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vl-gladish@ya.ru )

Gorgola E.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( evg-gorgola@ya.ru )

Lysenko V.V. Central Research Institute for Shipbuilding Tsentr, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vlysenko@cniicentr.ru )

Mityakova E.E. Central Research Institute for Shipbuilding Tsentr, Moscow, Russian Federation ( emityakova@cniicentr.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #1, 2017

Importance Military activities of the State and issues of their support are closely related with growth rates of the national economy and socio-economic development. The advanced military production significantly influences social reproduction processes through its multiplicative effect, accelerating the economic growth in certain circumstances.
Objectives The research examines how military and economic capabilities of the country influence macroeconomic processes and economic growth, conditions, factors that generate the effect, methodological framework for optimizing military spending in line with changes in the military, political and macroeconomic situation.
Methods The research draws upon the methodological framework of contemporary macroeconomic, military and economic analysis, and mathematical modeling in economics.
Results As the research proves, production, exchange and consumption of national military products can become one of the critical factors for implementing innovative technologies in this sector of the national economy, with the military-industrial complex of Russia driving an economic growth of the country.
Conclusions and Relevance Based on historical analogies and examples, statistical analysis, economic and mathematical modeling, we verified the hypothesis stating that military expenditures stimulated an economic growth in the current economic conditions of Russia. Sustainable and consistent economic growth underlies national and economic security.


External impact on macroeconomic conditions of national development in the first quarter of the twenty-first century

Gladyshevskii V.L. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defenсe, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vl-gladish@ya.ru )

Gorgola E.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defenсe, Moscow, Russian Federation ( evg-gorgola@ya.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #12, 2016

Importance The article focuses on external political and economic factors that were engendered by the U.S. globalization strategy in the global economy in the first quarter of the 21st century, their impact on macroeconomic conditions for reproduction in Russia, and the strategic model of economic development of the Russian Federation in the long run.
Objectives The research determines the form and substance of the Western economic aggression against the Russian Federation, consequences of sanctions for Russia and other countries.
Methods The research points out areas and sectors of national economy that are the most crucial from macroeconomic perspectives, constituting the basis for the development model in line with various global scenarios.
Results The western liberal scholars conclude that transaction costs rise and economic efficiency falls if natural economy is managed on a centralized basis. These conclusions cannot endure any criticism since these are stringent regulations, ongoing control over budgetary spending that actually bolster production during sanctions, crisis and austerity measures. In the mean time, the development model requires new sources and points of growth by activating capabilities of market mechanisms.
Conclusions and Relevance In the current circumstances, it is reasonable to embark on developing priority (high-tech) production, which would bring import substitution into being during various sanctions or embargo, and improve the entire efficiency of the economy. This would be unfeasible without proactive infrastructure and industrial policies, profound transformation of cultural, educational, scientific, social and spiritual aspects of social life, i.e. without strategic mobilization of the nation.


Hybrid warfare of the West and ensuring the resource-based counteraction to the network scenario for Russia

Gladyshevskii V.L. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vl-gladish@ya.ru )

Gorgola E.V. 46th Central Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( evg-gorgola@ya.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #2, 2017

Importance Network warfare is one of the most dangerous and productive forms of hybrid wars the West wages against Russia. This warfare pursues taking complete and absolute control over all parties to existing or possible military actions and their total manipulation in any situation – war or peace.
Objectives The research examines the substance and forms of the West's hybrid war against the Russian Federation, analyzes possible options and consequences of the network scenario, and attempts to identify genuine goals of this aggression.
Methods The research involves the methodological framework for contemporary institutionalism, analysis in terms of military politics and military economic aspects.
Results Assuming that the armed conflict in Ukraine may, in theory, ignite another world war the USA unleashes against Russia to retain its global leadership, it is necessary to arrange for a reliable order and determine activities of each party precisely so to curb the escalating conflict and overwhelm it. It is critical to consider timeliness and efficiency of measures for organizing effective counteraction to the network aggression, possibility to activate all necessary resources and prevent the enemy from subduing them or limit their use otherwise.
Conclusions and Relevance As envisaged in the network defensive strategies, there should be a combination of so different resources and network technologies, which the aggressor cannot overwhelm. The network warfare can be won with network means if effective and booming technologies are respectively adapted to conditions and objectives.


Assessing the effectiveness of the active military and economic potential of the USA and Russia in the 21st century. Part I

Gladyshevskii V.L. 46th Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( vl-gladish@yandex.ru )

Gorgola E.V. 46th Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( evg-gorgola@ yandex.ru )

Zvyagintsev S.A. 46th Research Institute of Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( zvyagintcev_serg@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #4, 2018

Importance In the 20th century, the most advanced countries have developed the military economy. Such military-industrial complexes became almost a fundamental part of national economies. In some economies, such complexes virtually ensure the national security.
Objectives The research examines the evolution, principal traits and operational specifics of the U.S. and Russian military-industrial complexes. We also analyze sources of their military-technological and military-economic advancement in comparison with other countries.
Methods The article presents a political-economic approach and uses a methodological framework for contemporary institutionalism and military-economic analysis.
Results We debunk institutionalists' conclusions on growing transactions costs as the centralization strengthens in industrial production management in the country. Stringent regulation, ongoing control over budgetary financing boost a surge in military production, especially during austerity measures and crisis phenomena. Being influenced by military business supporters, the USA has to adhere to a flamboyant military policy. The U.S. military lobby is prepared for a cold war against Russia, unfolding an armament race, exhausting Russia economically and reindustrializing its own economy relying on the military-industrial complex.
Conclusions Demonstrating much higher efficiency than the U.S. military-industrial complex and lacking the finance of the U.S. military monopolies, the Russian one must tighten the coordination, manageability, consistency, reduce costs as much as possible, increase labor productivity and implement the domestic production quality system, which would be actively supported by the State and its resources.


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