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Government financial accumulation (reserves) in modern Russia

Sukharev A.N. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( su500005@yandex.ru )

Golubev A.A. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( golalan@mail.ru )

Tolkachenko G.L. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( gtolkachenko@mesi.ru )

Dyuzhilova O.M. Tver State University, Tver, Russian Federation ( olga.dyuzhilova@mail.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #44, 2017

Importance The article deals with the issues of financial reserves of the Federal budget of Russia.
Objectives The article aims to reveal the variety of sources and mechanisms of the state financial reserves formation in Russia.
Methods For the study, we used the methods of formal logic, statistical data analysis, and the systems approach.
Results The article discloses the economic policy of state financial reserve formation in Russia. It presents the statistical data showing the scale and structure of public financial accumulation in the country.
Conclusions Public financial reserves act as a means of stabilizing the macroeconomy, ensuring the balance of the federal budget and the country's pension system. The policy of state financial savings started at the beginning of the 2000s. It was due to the growth in oil prices and excess revenues from hydrocarbon exports.


Analysis of risks and threats to economic security of the region

Dyuzhilova O.M. Tver State Technical University, Tver, Russian Federation ( olga.dyuzhilova@mail.ru )

Vyakina I.V. Tver State Technical University, Tver, Russian Federation ( ivyakina@yahoo.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #14, 2015

Importance The article considers the economic security of the regions, ways of diagnosing and eliminating sources of danger for economic growth. We chose the Tver region as a case study for the consideration of assessment of economic security.
     Objectives The objective of the paper is to analyze the theory and methodology of assessment of economic security on the basis of the diagnosis of regional industry economic risks and identify the sources of risks and priorities of regional economic growth.
     Methods For the study, we used statistical probabilistic risk assessment methods based on the evaluation of the variation of yield of sectors of the regional economy.
     Results We analyzed data on the potential economic risks and explored different approaches to measuring and diagnosis of risk. We propose an approach, based on an assessment of the level of profitability and risk for branches of the regional economy to identify the source of danger and have an impact on it by the Government. We have also considered how to increase the level of security for the regional economy and create conditions for its further development due to the identified priorities and weaknesses. We grounded the system ensuring the economic security of the region, revealed the content of risks and threats. We assessed the reliability and stability of profitability of individual sectors of the region. In addition, we have identified the main priorities of economic development of the region, the "pain points", i.e. the industries, which may be a source of risk and destabilize the economic security of the region.
     Conclusions and Relevance The significance of the study is in organizing the economic activities in the Tver region that corresponds to the Russian average level of development by major indicators. The proposed tools can be useful to substantiate the economic security strategy at the regional level.


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